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Earth Sciences - Astronomy
21.11.2017
Unexpected atmospheric vortex behaviour on Saturn's moon Titan
Unexpected atmospheric vortex behaviour on Saturn’s moon Titan
A new study, led by a University of Bristol earth scientist, has shown that recently reported unexpected behaviour on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, is due to its unique atmospheric chemistry. Titan's polar atmosphere recently experiences and unexpected and significant cooling, contrary to all model predictions and differing from the behaviour of all other terrestrial planets in our solar system.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
16.11.2017
One in ten historic coastal landfill sites in England are at risk of erosion
One in ten historic coastal landfill sites in England are at risk of erosion
Coastal erosion may release waste from ten per cent of England's historic coastal landfills in the next forty years, according to research from Queen Mary University of London and the Environment Agency.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
26.10.2017
'Bandit-masked' feathered dinosaur hid from predators using multiple types of camouflage
’Bandit-masked’ feathered dinosaur hid from predators using multiple types of camouflage
Researchers from the University of Bristol have revealed how a small feathered dinosaur used its colour patterning, including a bandit mask-like stripe across its eyes, to avoid being detected by its predators and prey. By reconstructing the likely colour patterning of the Chinese dinosaur Sinosauropteryx , researchers have shown that it had multiple types of camouflage which likely helped it to avoid being eaten in a world full of larger meat-eating dinosaurs, including relatives of the infamous Tyrannosaurus Rex, as well as potentially allowing it to sneak up more easily on its own prey.
Social Sciences - Earth Sciences
25.10.2017
Campaign and Cardiff launch tool-kit to link evidence and policymaking
The University and the Campaign for Social Science have worked together to develop a new online tool-kit designed to help new researchers improve their political impact.
History/Archeology - Earth Sciences
24.10.2017
Keeping it in the family: Inheritance in Victorian and Edwardian Britain
Keeping it in the family: Inheritance in Victorian and Edwardian Britain
Inheritance has been a topic of fascination in Britain for centuries. It provides a tantalising glimpse of what people are worth, and offers a reliable dose of drama about how wealth is passed on, who gets richer, and who misses out.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
24.10.2017
Underwater sound waves help scientists locate ocean impacts
Scientists have developed a new method to locate the precise time and location that objects fall into our oceans. The method, developed by researchers from Cardiff University, uses underwater microphones, also known as hydrophones, to listen for underwater sound waves that are emitted when an object hits the sea surface.
Earth Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
23.10.2017
Machine learning used to predict earthquakes in a lab setting
Machine learning used to predict earthquakes in a lab setting
A group of researchers from the UK and the US have used machine learning techniques to successfully predict earthquakes. Although their work was performed in a laboratory setting, the experiment closely mimics real-life conditions, and the results could be used to predict the timing of a real earthquake.  This is the first time that machine learning has been used to analyse acoustic data to predict when an earthquake will occur.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
10.10.2017
New ichthyosaur species, long gone, found in a storeroom
A new species of ichthyosaur has been identified from a fossil that has been in the University of Nottingham's engineering collection for over half a century. The University's specimen, announced today as Protoichthyosaurus applebyi, is a holotype - the valuable original specimen that describes a new species.
Earth Sciences
06.10.2017
New study analyses volcanic fatalities in more detail than ever before
New study analyses volcanic fatalities in more detail than ever before
Building on existing information and databases relating to volcanic fatalities, scientists from the University of Bristol have, for the first time, been able to classify victims by activity or occupation and look at the distance of their death from the volcano. It is hoped the findings, published recently in the Journal of Applied Volcanology , will help increase our understanding of volcanic hazards and the subsequent threat to life.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Earth Sciences
25.09.2017
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
New research reveals for the first time the most likely months and routes for the spread of new strains of airborne 'wheat stem rust' that may endanger global food security by ravaging wheat production across Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the wider world.  New races of wheat rust are threatening wheat worldwide, and we need to know which areas are at risk Chris Gilligan Stem rust, named for the blackening pustules that infect plant stems, caused devastating crop epidemics and famine for centuries before being tamed by fungicides and resistance genes.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
25.09.2017
New type of supercomputer could be based on 'magic dust' combination of light and matter
New type of supercomputer could be based on ’magic dust’ combination of light and matter
A team of researchers from the UK and Russia have successfully demonstrated that a type of 'magic dust' which combines light and matter can be used to solve complex problems and could eventually surpass the capabilities of even the most powerful supercomputers.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
20.09.2017
New toothpaste uses latest research to put minerals back into teeth
New toothpaste uses latest research to put minerals back into teeth
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have launched a new toothpaste which repairs decaying teeth using 'bioactive' glass.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
18.09.2017
Urgent emission reductions needed to achieve 1.5°C warming limit
Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5°C; a new Oxford University partnership warns.
Earth Sciences
13.08.2017
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Newly-described fossil shows how brittle stars evolved in response to pressure from predators, and how an 'evolutionary hangover' managed to escape them.
Earth Sciences
03.08.2017
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
Detailed analysis of the fossilised skin of a newly discovered species of dinosaur has revealed that despite being the size of a tank and heavily protected with armour, it was still hunted by savage predators. Palaeobiologist and expert on fossil pigments Dr Jakob Vinther , from the University of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences worked with researchers from the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology in Alberta, Canada to study the 18-foot long specimen's exquisitely well-preserved form.
Earth Sciences - History/Archeology
25.07.2017
Discovering the sunken pirate city
Research uncovering the secrets of the 17 th century pirate town of Port Royal in Jamaica, which was destroyed by a massive earthquake in 1692, will be showcased in a new documentary. ‘Drain the Sunken Pirate City' will premiere on the National Geographic Channel on Wednesday 26 July at 9pm, and will show how experts have used new state-of-the-art technology to uncover the secrets hidden beneath the waters of Jamaica's Kingston Harbour.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
20.07.2017
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Researchers have found that the formation and breakup of supercontinents over hundreds of millions of years controls volcanic carbon emissions. The results , reported , could lead to a reinterpretation of how the carbon cycle has evolved over Earth's history, and how this has impacted the evolution of Earth's habitability.  The link between oxygen levels and the burial of organic material allowed life on Earth as we know it to evolve, but our geological record of this link needs to be re-evaluated.
Earth Sciences
19.07.2017
'Shadow network' keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
’Shadow network’ keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
New research by the University of East Anglia (UEA), and co-authored by the University of Bristol, shows that 'shadow networks' linking volunteers with authorities can help keep some of the millions of people living near dangerous volcanoes safer. These informal networks see community members working in close collaboration with scientists and government officials on monitoring, communications, training and evacuation processes.
Media - Earth Sciences
11.07.2017
Ultramarathon challenge for Cardiff graduate
Jamie Maddison, a former student of the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, is setting off on a 100-mile ultramarathon in Kazakhstan this September.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
06.07.2017
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake (6 July 2017) A team of researchers led by the Department of Earth Sciences has collected the first real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during a major earthquake, as published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Earth Sciences
04.07.2017
Exploring geothermal energy potential
Exploring geothermal energy potential
Researchers at the University's Durham Energy Institute (DEI) are exploring the Earth's geothermal energy potential.
Chemistry - Earth Sciences
27.06.2017
Ozone recovery may be delayed by unregulated chemicals
Ozone recovery may be delayed by unregulated chemicals
Recent increases in an unregulated ozone-depleting substance, could delay recovery of Antarctic ozone levels by 5-30 years, depending on emissions scenarios.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
26.06.2017
Expedition aims to discover how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients in the sea
Expedition aims to discover how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients in the sea
A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, is preparing to take part in research expedition to coastal Greenland where they will examining, for the first time, how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the oceans. One of the big unknowns about future supplies of nutrients to the oceans is the impact of melting glaciers and ice sheets.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
20.06.2017
Mission to discover habitable Earths given green light
Mission to discover Earth-sized planets and super-Earths in the habitable zone of the solar system - scientifically led by the University of Warwick - given the go-ahead by European Space Agency PLATO will be launched 1.5 million km into space - and will monitor thousands of bright stars over a large area of the sky, looking for regular dips in brightness as planets pass by them It will investigate seismic activity in some of the host sta
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
19.06.2017
Volcanic eruptions triggered dawn of the dinosaurs
Huge pulses of volcanic activity are likely to have played a key role in triggering the end Triassic mass extinction, which set the scene for the rise and age of the dinosaurs, new Oxford University research has found. Researchers from the Oxford University Department of Earth Science worked in collaboration with the Universities of Exeter and Southampton to trace the global impact of major volcanic gas emissions and their link to the end of the Triassic period.
Literature/Linguistics - Earth Sciences
13.06.2017
Mapping project will open up new routes to uncharted territory
Mapping project will open up new routes to uncharted territory
What if fictional places in books, such as Middlemarch, Treasure Island, Barsetshire and Gormenghast, could be generated as maps and even 3D visualisations out of the text itself?
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
08.06.2017
World’s ‘first named dinosaur’ reveals new teeth with scanning tech
Cutting-edge technology at WMG, University of Warwick sheds fresh light on world's first scientifically-described dinosaur, Megalosaurus Previously unseen teeth revealed in the jawbone , and historic restorations less extensive than thought Digital 3D image of the fossil created with CT scanning technology and specialist analysis software - enabling researchers to see inside jawbone in great detail for the first time Megalosaurus is held at the
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
02.06.2017
Chemistry - Earth Sciences
22.05.2017
Himalayan powerhouses: how Sherpas have evolved superhuman energy efficiency
Sherpas have evolved to become superhuman mountain climbers, extremely efficient at producing the energy to power their bodies even when oxygen is scarce, suggests new research published today in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) . Sherpas have spent thousands of years living at high altitudes, so it should be unsurprising that they have adapted to become more efficient at using oxygen and generating energy Andrew Murray The findings could help scientists develop new ways of treating hypoxia - lack of oxygen - in patients.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
19.05.2017
Hothouse climates of the past – lessons for the future
Hothouse climates of the past – lessons for the future
Some of the world's leading climate change scientists will be in Bristol next week to discuss extreme warm climates throughout the history of the earth and how they help us understand the future of our planet.
Computer Science/Telecom - Earth Sciences
18.05.2017
Humanitarian efforts could be aided by AI
Humanitarian efforts could be aided by AI
Researchers have developed an AI algorithm to accurately predict the gender of pre-paid mobile phone users, which could be useful in crises. Phone tracking technology is already used to locate those in need of aid in humanitarian crises; but the latest development could help further, for example by identifying vulnerable groups such as women with potentially young children.
Earth Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
16.05.2017
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
15.05.2017
What can lost underwater lands tell us about climate change?
Underwater lands that were submerged following the last Ice Age could yield vital clues about our current approach to climate change.
Earth Sciences
15.05.2017
Campi Flegrei volcano eruption possibly closer than thought
Campi Flegrei volcano eruption possibly closer than thought
The Campi Flegrei volcano in southern Italy may be closer to an eruption than previously thought, according to new research by UCL and the Vesuvius Observatory in Naples.
Earth Sciences
09.05.2017
Screening of ‘Here Be Dragons' by QMUL artist in residence
Screening of ‘Here Be Dragons’ by QMUL artist in residence
‘Here be Dragons', a film about home, belonging, and migration will be screened at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) on Wednesday 31 May 2017.
Earth Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
08.05.2017
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
05.05.2017
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
04.05.2017
‘Last African dinosaur' discovered in Moroccan mine
‘Last African dinosaur’ discovered in Moroccan mine
One of the last dinosaurs living in Africa before their extinction 66 million years ago has been discovered in a phosphate mine in northern Morocco. A study of the fossil, led by the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath, suggests that following the breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana in the middle of the Cretaceous period, a distinct dinosaur fauna evolved in Africa.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
03.05.2017
New fossil sites around Bristol Parkway Station
New fossil sites around Bristol Parkway Station
Sites around Bristol Parkway Station have produced an unexpected fossil haul - the first sea lily and squid remains from the British Triassic period.
Earth Sciences
28.04.2017
TV Presenter lends support to world exclusive dinosaur exhibition
The ground-breaking Dinosaurs of China exhibition , which is bringing some of the best-preserved dinosaur fossils in the world to the UK this summer, has a new supporter in the form of TV presenter and naturalist Chris Packham.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
26.04.2017
Opinion: We need to break science out of its ivory tower - here's one way to do this
Opinion: We need to break science out of its ivory tower - here’s one way to do this
Science doesn't work the same for everyone everywhere - there are huge disparities in access to scientific hardware, and in gender and minority representation in labs.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
20.04.2017
Opinion: Worthless mining waste could suck CO? out of the atmosphere and reverse emissions
Opinion: Worthless mining waste could suck CO? out of the atmosphere and reverse emissions
Could waste material from mining be used to trap CO 2  emissions' A new £8.6 million research programme will investigate the possibilities.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
19.04.2017
Saving leopards from human threats
Saving leopards from human threats
Leopard populations in part of South Africa are decreasing in greater numbers and at a greater speed than expected, due in large part to illegal killing by humans according to new findings. A research team led by Dr Samual Williams , an Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Anthropology , conducted a long-term study of the leopard population in the Soutpansberg Mountains in South Africa and found that leopard density (the number of leopards per 100 km 2 ) had decreased by 44% between 2012 and 2016 and by 66% since 2008.
Earth Sciences
11.04.2017
Drones used to analyse ash clouds from Guatemalan volcano
A team of volcanologists and engineers from the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol has collected measurements from directly within volcanic clouds, together with visual and thermal images of inaccessible volcano peaks. During a ten-day research trip, the team carried out many proof-of-concept flights at the summits of both Volcán de Fuego and Volcán de Pacaya in Guatemala.  Using lightweight modern sensors they measured temperature, humidity and thermal data within the volcanic clouds and took images of multiple eruptions in real-time.
Earth Sciences
11.04.2017
Drones collect measurements from a volcanic plume at Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala
Drones collect measurements from a volcanic plume at Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala
A team of volcanologists and engineers from the Universities of Bristol and Cambridge have collected measurements from directly within volcanic clouds, together with visual and thermal images of inaccessible volcano peaks. During a ten-day research trip the team carried out many proof-of-concept flights at the summits of both Volcán de Fuego and Volcán de Pacaya in Guatemala.
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