Results 21 - 40 of 794.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.01.2019
Knighthood for groundbreaking UofG astrophysicist
A pioneering University of Glasgow researcher who helped deliver the historic first detection of gravitational waves has received a knighthood in recognition of his contribution to physics and astronomy. James Hough, Research Professor in Natural Philosophy in the School of Physics and Astronomy, was made a Knight Bachelor of the British Empire by the Duke of Cambridgeduring a ceremony at Buckingham Palace today (Thursday 31 January).

Life Sciences - Physics - 29.01.2019
’Light tweezers’ can move, melt, and scatter mysterious biological ’icebergs’
For the first time, scientists have used light beams to manipulate lipid rafts in artificial cell membranes. Lipid rafts are domains, or areas, of protein and lipid (fats) which float freely in cell membranes - the protein and lipid layer that surrounds a cell. These structures, which float in the membranes like icebergs, play important but mysterious roles in cellular signalling that aren't yet fully explained.

Physics - 25.01.2019
New theory sends temperatures to new lows
Researchers have developed a new theory for recording the lowest temperatures ever measured, with the largest accuracy allowed by the laws of Nature. This line of research holds promise to revolutionise low-temperature physics and could find a plethora of applications in emerging quantum technologies.

Chemistry - Physics - 23.01.2019
Fine tuning for clean energy
An international collaboration between researchers in Spain and Scotland has resulted in a new approach to improve the catalysts needed to carry out the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER). The reaction, in which water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen, is a promising alternative to humanity's dependency on fossil fuels to satisfy energy requirements.

Physics - 22.01.2019
3D printing and metals science combine for stronger, crystal-inspired materials
Imperial materials scientists have created new artificial materials which combine our knowledge of metals with 3D printing. The findings could speed up the use of 3D printed materials in everything from construction and vehicles to medical devices. 3D printing is often used to produce engineering components.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.01.2019
Bringing electricity and chemistry together with a 1.6M project
Bringing electricity and chemistry together with a 1.6M project
Dr Clotilde Cucinotta is trying to solve the combined electrical and chemical problem, paving the way for next-generation energy sources. Dr Cucinotta joined Imperial this year, bringing an EPSRC grant of more than 1.6 million and a wide range of experience. We talked to her about her research, her journey so far, and why the Molecular Sciences Research Hub - the new home for Chemistry at Imperial's White City campus - is the best place to carry out her plans.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.01.2019
Groovy young rock stars and the Holy Grail
Will a telescopic Census of thousands of planets help to pinpoint a new Earth? For Professor Jane Greaves, such a discovery will be the ‘Holy Grail' - the culmination of a career spent observing planets forming around young stars. At the heart of the study, interpreting data on raw material ‘remnants' from comet collisions around stars like the Sun will be the key to success.

Physics - Pharmacology - 31.12.2018
The 10 most popular Imperial news stories of 2018
The past 12 months have provided many eye-grabbing headlines from the Imperial community, from world-leading research to incredible innovations. Before 2019 is upon us, we take a quick look back at the most popular articles on our award-winning news site (ranked by the number of page views). Here are our top 10 stories of 2018.

Physics - 12.12.2018
Networking goes quantum
Networking goes quantum
A scientist involved in expanding quantum communication to a network of users, is continuing his work at the University of Bristol. The enhanced cyber security offered by quantum communication has been historically limited to two partner exchanges, now for the first-time scientists have connected multiple users simultaneously on a quantum encrypted network without using trusted nodes.

Physics - Materials Science - 10.12.2018
Answering the mystery of what atoms do when liquids and gases meet
Answering the mystery of what atoms do when liquids and gases meet
How atoms arrange themselves at the smallest scale was thought to follow a 'drum-skin' rule, but mathematicians have now found a simpler solution. Atomic arrangements in different materials can provide a lot of information about the properties of materials, and what the potential is for altering what they can be used for.

Physics - Life Sciences - 03.12.2018
Nanoscale tweezers can perform single-molecule ’biopsies’ on individual cells
Using electrical impulses, the 'tweezers' can extract single DNA, proteins and organelles from living cells without destroying them. We are continuously expanding our knowledge on how cells function, but many unanswered questions remain. This is especially true for individual cells that are of the same type, such as brain, muscle or fat cells, but have very different compositions at the single-molecule level.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
LIGO and Virgo announce four new gravitational-wave detections
University of Glasgow physicists are closing out 2018 with the publication of a wealth of new gravitational wave data collected during the first two observing runs of the LIGO and Virgo detectors. video In a new paper just published online, scientists from the LIGO and Virgo research collaborations present data from a total of 10 stellar-mass binary black hole mergers and one merger of neutron stars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.11.2018
Marsquakes’ mission successfully lands on Red Planet
A mission to Mars which carries instruments co-designed by Oxford scientists, has successfully landed and will soon begin the first study of the heart of the planet. The NASA InSight mission landed shortly after 19:50 GMT on Monday, 26 November. InSight will study the inside of Mars to learn how planets, moons and meteorites with rocky surfaces, including the Earth and its Moon, formed.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2018
Finding rules in the chaos that could help reveal secrets of the Big Bang
New research has revealed that non-equilibrium quantum systems do obey universal laws, a discovery that can bring us closer to revealing the secrets of the Big Bang. Researchers from the University of Nottingham joined teams at the Technical University of Vienna and the University Heidenberg to undertake It shows that when quantum particles whirl around they obey universal laws, meaning what is true for one quantum system is also true for others.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.11.2018
Auroras unlock the physics of energetic processes in space
A close study of auroras has revealed new ways of understanding the physics of explosive energy releases in space, according to new UCL-led research. Auroras are an incredible light show caused by electrically charged particles in near-Earth space spiralling down Earth's magnetic field and colliding with gases in the atmosphere, causing them to glow. They are also a tell-tale sign of physical processes in space, acting like TV screens by showing what happens millions of kilometres away from Earth where our planet's magnetic field stretches into a long tail facing away from the Sun.

Physics - Business / Economics - 07.11.2018
Depth of Vision
HORIBA Scientific has developed for QuantIC, the UK Quantum Technology Hub in Quantum Enhanced Imaging, Time-Correlated Single-Photon Counting (TCSPC), electronics to support its research into real-time computational 3D imaging and Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR). This research has the potential to result in faster, better quality and lower-cost 3D imaging for applications that include autonomous vehicles, machine learning, security and surveying.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 02.11.2018
Comet tails: charged dust blowing in the solar wind
Comet tails: charged dust blowing in the solar wind
How a comet's dust tail forms bands stretching millions of kilometres across the sky has been observed for the first time by UCL scientists. The study, published today in Icarus, reveals the charged nature of the dust particles and the important role of the Sun in forming the characteristic patterns. An international team led by researchers from UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory (UCL MSSL) successfully mapped the movement of dust particles in Comet C/2006 P1 McNaught, one of the brightest comets visible from Earth in the past 50 years.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.10.2018
Scientist wins prestigious award for gravitational wave detection
A scientist involved in creating the ultra-sensitive detectors needed to glimpse gravitational waves for the very first time has been awarded a prestigious Philip Leverhulme Prize. Dr Katherine Dooley, from Cardiff University's School of Physics and Astronomy, has picked up the 100,000 prize for scientific work ‘that has had a significant international impact'.

Health - Physics - 29.10.2018
New wireless device can aid recovery of breast cancer patients
A new sensing device can provide early warning of potential failure of breast reconstruction surgery, making it easier to take effective action. An international team led by Imperial College London and funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) have developed the wireless ‘bio-patch' as part of the Smart Sensing for Surgery project.

Physics - 29.10.2018
New efficiency record set for perovskite LEDs
Researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best organic LEDs (OLEDs). Compared to OLEDs, which are widely used in high-end consumer electronics, the perovskite-based LEDs, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, can be made at much lower costs, and can be tuned to emit light across the visible and near-infrared spectra with high colour purity.