Life Sciences

Results 1 - 20 of 3548.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 178 Next »

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.10.2018
Team develops technique to 'listen' to a patient's brain during tumour surgery
Team develops technique to ’listen’ to a patient’s brain during tumour surgery
Surgeons could soon eavesdrop on a patient's brain activity during surgery to remove their brain tumour, helping improve the accuracy of the operation and reduce the risk of impairing brain function. There's been huge progress in brain imaging and electrophysiology - our understanding of the electricity within our bodies - so why not use this information to improve brain surgery? Yaara Erez Patients with low-grade gliomas in their brains - a slow-spreading, but potentially life-threatening tumour - will usually receive surgery to have the tumour removed.

Life Sciences - Environment - 15.10.2018
Diversity is key to sustainability for local chicken farming in Africa
PA 204/18 Adopting a more local and flexible approach to sustainable development could be key to boosting the productivity of small-scale farms in Africa, a study involving researchers at the University of Nottingham has found. The research, led by the University of Liverpool and in collaboration with UK and African partners, reveal village chicken populations in Ethiopia to be genetically diverse and highly adapted to their local physical, cultural and social environments.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.10.2018
Cardiff University opens world-class biobank
Cardiff University has opened a brand new facility with the capacity to hold up to a million biological samples for medical research. The Cardiff University Biobank , opened today by Health Secretary Vaughan Gething, will give researchers quick and easy access to biological samples to be used in research for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of serious and life-threatening illnesses.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 15.10.2018
Scientists create synthetic prototissue capable of synchronised beating
Scientists create synthetic prototissue capable of synchronised beating
15 October 2018 A tissue-like material capable of synchronised beating when heated and cooled has been developed by a team of University of Bristol chemists. The discovery is the first chemically programmed approach to producing an artificial tissue. The findings, which could have major health applications in the future, could see chemically programmed synthetic tissue being used to support failing living tissues and to cure specific diseases.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 15.10.2018
Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history
A radical new approach combining archaeology, genetics and microscopy can reveal long-forgotten secrets of human diet, sanitation and movement from studying parasites in ancient poo. Researchers at the University of Oxford's Department of Zoology and School of Archaeology have applied genetic analysis to 700-year-old parasites found in archaeological stool samples to understand a variety of characteristics of a human population.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.10.2018
Many cases of dementia may arise from non-inherited DNA 'spelling mistakes'
Many cases of dementia may arise from non-inherited DNA ’spelling mistakes’
Only a small proportion of cases of dementia are thought to be inherited - the cause of the vast majority is unknown. Now. Why do some people get these diseases while others don't? We know genetics plays a part, but why do people with no family history develop the disease? Patrick Chinnery The findings suggest that for many people with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, the roots of their condition will trace back to their time as an embryo developing in the womb.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 12.10.2018
First genetic analysis of brain function and structure using UK Biobank imaging data yields exciting results
Oxford scientists report exciting new insights into the structure and function of the brain using genetic information and detailed brain images from UK Biobank. The researchers took data from detailed MR images from 10,000 UK Biobank participants, which are freely available from the resource to researchers around the world, to examine thousands of different measurements of the brain.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 12.10.2018
Gut microbiota health linked to bacterial infections
The health and balance of the gut microbiota is important in the progression of a bacterial infection, according to new research. A new study, led by the University of Glasgow and published , found that disease-causing bacteria were taking signals from the host's gut microbiota in order to spread and progress the infection.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.10.2018
Human brain cell transplant offers insights into neurological conditions
Human brain cell transplant offers insights into neurological conditions
Scientists have created a 'window' into the brain, which enables researchers to watch in detail how human brain cells connect to each other. In the new study, led by Imperial College London in collaboration with a group from the University of Cambridge , researchers for the first time successfully transplanted human brain cells into a mouse brain, and watched how they grew and connected to each other.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.10.2018
Scientific breakthrough could explain how superbugs rapidly evolve
A scientific breakthrough has revealed a new way that bacteria evolves, thought to be at least 1,000 times more efficient than any currently known mechanism. The insights will help scientists to better understand how superbugs can rapidly evolve and become increasingly antibiotic resistant. The research, led by the University of Glasgow and the National University of Singapore and , has found a previously unknown method of genetic transduction - the process through which bacteria begins to evolve into potentially deadly superbugs.

Life Sciences - Innovation / Technology - 11.10.2018
New legal tool aims to increase openness, sharing and innovation in global biotechnology
New legal tool aims to increase openness, sharing and innovation in global biotechnology
A new easy-to-use legal tool that enables exchange of biological material between research institutes and companies launches today. The OpenMTA provides a new pathway for open exchange of DNA components - the basic building blocks for new engineering approaches in biology Jim Haseloff The OpenMTA is a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) designed to foster a spirit of openness, sharing and innovation in global biotechnology.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.10.2018
Scientists create virtual tumours to aid cancer drug delivery
Scientists create virtual tumours to aid cancer drug delivery
Scientists at UCL have designed a virtual modelling technique which can create highly detailed 3D models of individual cancerous tumours and simulate the delivery of drugs in order to predict their effectiveness. In the study, researchers acquired high-resolution images of surgically-resected tumours and used mathematical modelling to run detailed computational experiments.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 10.10.2018
Mental health disorders: risks and resilience in adolescence
Mental health disorders: risks and resilience in adolescence
On World Mental Health Day we look at how understanding the wiring and rewiring of the adolescent brain is helping scientists pinpoint why young people are especially vulnerable to mental health problems - and why some are resilient. If you speak to anyone who has had a mental health problem, you will know the effect it's had on them and their families.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
First patient trial will test new approach to treating Alzheimer's disease
First patient trial will test new approach to treating Alzheimer’s disease
The first clinical trial of novel approach to modifying the progression of Alzheimer's disease has opened in London, led by UCL researchers. The study is being conducted at the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) University College London Hospitals (UCLH) Clinical Research Facility at the Leonard Wolfson Experimental Neurology Centre at Queen Square, assisted by the Royal Free Hospital.

Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
Small-brained female guppies aren’t drawn to attractive males
Female guppies with smaller brains can distinguish attractive males, but they don't recognise them as being more appealing or choose to mate with them, according to a new study by UCL and Stockholm University researchers. The study, published in Nature Ecology & Evolution , adds weight to the link between mate preference and cognitive ability.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
Largest ever diabetes genetics study uncovers mechanisms behind type 2 diabetes
A study published used genetic data from nearly a million people across Europe and North America to highlight some of the key ways in which type 2 diabetes develops, and to find several genes which could be attractive targets for the creation of new therapeutic drugs.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 08.10.2018
Breakthrough drug shows early promise for multiple myeloma
Breakthrough drug shows early promise for multiple myeloma
A small clinical trial has shown that a new drug has promise for targeting tumours in patients with an aggressive type of blood cancer. Multiple myeloma is a relatively rare type of cancer that develops in the bone marrow - the spongey tissue inside the bone where new blood cells are produced - often spreading to multiple sites within the body.

Life Sciences - 05.10.2018
Understanding natural fungicide synthesis: the pathway to strobilurins revealed at last
5 October 2018 Scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Hannover studying a naturally-produced compound that inspired the biggest selling family of commercial agricultural fungicides have, for the first time, discovered how this important class of compound is synthesised in nature. The findings could potentially be used in the future to enable a ‘pick and mix' approach with combinations of enzymes to make designer biosynthetic pathways for new compounds that could help to control crop diseases.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 04.10.2018
DNA sequencing and patient data used to halt infection outbreak
Clinical and research teams at Oxford University Hospitals (OUH) NHS Foundation Trust, using infection prevention and control best practice, whole genome sequencing and electronic patient data, have halted an outbreak of a potentially deadly fungal pathogen after detecting that multi-use patient equipment was responsible.

Life Sciences - 03.10.2018
Scientists develop mouse 'embryo-like structures' with organisation along body's major axes
Scientists develop mouse ’embryo-like structures’ with organisation along body’s major axes
A team of scientists at the University of Cambridge has developed an artificial mouse embryo-like structure capable of forming the three major axes of the body. The technique could reduce the use of mammalian embryos in research. We were surprised to see how far gastruloids develop, their complex organisation and the presence of early-stage tissues and organ Alfonso Martinez Arias The definitive architecture of the mammalian body is established shortly after the embryo implants into the uterus.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 178 Next »