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Health - Feb 15
Scientists have identified for the first time the details of an ‘alternative' biological process required to develop male genitals in an unborn baby. The findings by researchers at the universities of Aberdeen and Glasgow along with French and Swedish collaborators also sheds more light on the reasons for babies being born with undescended testes or with malformed penises.
Health - Feb 15
Health

Researchers have created new machine learning software that can forecast the survival rates and response to treatments of patients with ovarian cancer.

Health - Feb 14
Health

After reviewing thousands of case studies going back 25 years across six countries, generalisable survival data is now available for the first time to estimate how long hip and knee replacements are likely to last.

Astronomy - Feb 15

University of Glasgow researchers are celebrating the announcement of tens of millions of dollars in new funding to advance the science of gravitational wave astrophysics.

Life Sciences - Feb 14

An unprecedented study of rabbit DNA spanning 150 years and thousands of miles has revealed the genetic basis for the animal's fightback - and ultimate triumph, against the deadly myxoma virus.


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Health - 15.02.2019
What makes a man? Testosterone only half the story, scientists say
Scientists have identified for the first time the details of an ‘alternative' biological process required to develop male genitals in an unborn baby. The findings by researchers at the universities of Aberdeen and Glasgow along with French and Swedish collaborators also sheds more light on the reasons for babies being born with undescended testes or with malformed penises.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict survival of ovarian cancer patients
Artificial intelligence can predict survival of ovarian cancer patients
Researchers have created new machine learning software that can forecast the survival rates and response to treatments of patients with ovarian cancer The artificial intelligence software, created by researchers at Imperial College London and the University of Melbourne , has been able to predict the prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer more accurately than current methods.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.02.2019
UofG astrophysicists welcome LIGO funding boost
University of Glasgow researchers are celebrating the announcement of tens of millions of dollars in new funding to advance the science of gravitational wave astrophysics. The US-based National Science Foundation announced today (Thursday 14 February) that Caltech and MIT will share in $20.4m (15.9m) to upgrade the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), an NSF-funded international collaboration which made history in 2015 after making the first direct detection of gravitational waves.

Health - 14.02.2019
High success rate for hip and knee replacements
High success rate for hip and knee replacements
After reviewing thousands of case studies going back 25 years across six countries, generalisable survival data is now available for the first time to estimate how long hip and knee replacements are likely to last. The findings of researchers, funded by the National Joint Registry , from the Musculoskeletal Research Unit at the University of Bristol have been published in The Lancet .

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 14.02.2019
Explains how rabbits adapted to survive myxomatosis
An unprecedented study of rabbit DNA spanning 150 years and thousands of miles has revealed the genetic basis for the animal's fightback - and ultimate triumph, against the deadly myxoma virus. The revelation of how rabbits evolved genetic resistance to myxomatosis through natural selection, comes as part of an international research collaboration, nearly seventy years after the lethal disease decimated species' populations of Australia, Britain and France.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.02.2019
Cannabis use in teens raises risk of depression in young adults
Cannabis use in teens raises risk of depression in young adults
Cannabis use among adolescents is found to be associated with increased risk of depression and anxiety in adulthood. Cannabis is the most commonly used recreational drug by teenagers worldwide. In Canada, among youth aged 15 to 19 years, the rate of past-year cannabis use is 20.6%, while in England, 4% of adolescents aged 11 to 15 years used cannabis in the last month.

Materials Science - Physics - 14.02.2019
Solar-powered supercapacitors could create flexible, wearable electronics
A breakthrough in energy storage technology could bring a new generation of flexible electronic devices to life, including solar-powered prosthetics for amputees. In a new paper published in the journal Advanced Science , a team of engineers from the University of Glasgow discuss how they have used layers of graphene and polyurethane to create a flexible supercapacitor which can generate power from the sun and store excess energy for later use.

Earth Sciences - 14.02.2019
Satellite images reveal interconnected plumbing system that caused Bali volcano to erupt
Satellite images reveal interconnected plumbing system that caused Bali volcano to erupt
A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has used satellite technology provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) to uncover why the Agung volcano in Bali erupted in November 2017 after 50 years of dormancy. Their findings, published today , could have important implications for forecasting future eruptions in the area.

Health - 13.02.2019
More older people with depression could benefit from non-drug treatments
Depression is common in older age and with an ageing population how late-life depression is managed will become increasingly important. Researchers from the University of Bristol and University College London (UCL) suggest mental health in later life should be given greater priority by healthcare professionals.

Psychology - 13.02.2019
Ethnic minority children over identified with Special Education Needs (SEN)
Children of ethnic minority groups are over-represented for some types of Special Educational Needs (SEN) and under-represented for other types, compared to White British pupils, according to new Oxford University research. The report finds that: Asian pupils (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Other Asian) are half as likely to be identified with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as White British pupils Black Caribbean and Mixed White & Black Caribbean pupils are twice as likely to be identified with Social, Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH) needs as White British pupils.

Psychology - 13.02.2019
Ethnic minority children not equally identified with Special Education Needs
Children of ethnic minority groups are over-represented for some types of Special Educational Needs (SEN) and under-represented for other types, compared to White British pupils, according to new Oxford University research. The report finds that: Asian pupils (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Other Asian) are half as likely to be identified with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as White British pupils Black Caribbean and Mixed White & Black Caribbean pupils are twice as likely to be identified with Social, Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH) needs as White British pupils.

Social Sciences - 13.02.2019
Violent video games found not to be associated with adolescent aggression
Researchers at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, have found no relationship between aggressive behaviour in teenagers and the amount of time spent playing violent video games. The study used nationally representative data from British teens and their parents alongside official E.U. and US ratings of game violence.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 13.02.2019
Ambitious research to help achieve UN Sustainable Development Goals
Scientists from across five countries, including those from University of Glasgow, will collaborate on ambitious research to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship between humans and their environment in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The University of Glasgow project “River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals across national and sub-national scales” has been funded through the new Natural Environment Research Council-TaSE (Towards a Sustainable Earth) research programme.

Environment - 13.02.2019
Surface lakes cause Antarctic ice shelves to 'flex'
Surface lakes cause Antarctic ice shelves to ’flex’
The filling and draining of meltwater lakes has been found to cause a floating Antarctic ice shelf to flex, potentially threatening its stability. Filling and draining of lakes causes the ice shelf to flex, and if the stresses are large enough, fractures might also develop Alison Banwell A team of British and American researchers, co-led by the University of Cambridge, has measured how much the McMurdo ice shelf in Antarctica flexes in response to the filling and draining of meltwater lakes on its surface.

Life Sciences - 13.02.2019
Movement impairments in autism could be reversible
Researchers from Cardiff University have established a link between a genetic mutation and developmental movement impairments in autism . The study, which found that the mutation of the CYFIP1 gene leads to changes in the development of brain cells, leading to the motor issues, also suggests that motor learning difficulties occur at a young age and can be reversed through behavioural training.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.02.2019
Experts call for caution on reporting long-term effects of head injuries in sports
A group of over 60 leading international neuroscientists have called for caution when reporting on the potential late effects of head injuries in sport. In correspondence, published today in The Lancet Neurology, experts in research and clinical practice in brain injury from around the world have asked for balance when reporting on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

Physics - 12.02.2019
The more the merrier for physical group tasks, says new study
A new study has found that larger groups could be better than small groups at physical tasks when they are connected by touch. Researchers from the Tokyo Institute of Technology , Imperial College London, and the University of Tokyo have tested coordination in groups of two, three and four humans when they communicated by touch - known as haptic communication.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.02.2019
New technique to analyse cancer cells’ life history could help provide personalised cancer treatment
A team of researchers from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine at Oxford University has developed a new technique that allows scientists to reliably track genetic errors in individual cancer cells, and find out how these might lead to uncontrollable growth. Despite recognising that cancer cell diversity underlies treatment resistance and recurrence of cancer, previous attempts to track errors in individual cancer cells were very inaccurate, or could only track a few cells at a time.

Computer Science / Telecom - 12.02.2019
Artificial Intelligence could help to foil online dating scams
Dating apps and websites could soon use computing algorithms that 'think' like humans to pinpoint fake profiles designed to con victims out of thousands of pounds. Researchers from across the UK, including experts from the University of Bristol Cyber Security Group , have developed new algorithms that can understand what fake dating profiles look like and then apply this knowledge when they scan profiles submitted to online dating services.

Health - 12.02.2019
Demonisation of smoking and drinking in pregnancy can prevent cessation
The demonisation of women who smoke or drink during pregnancy can lead to them smoking or drinking in secret rather than seeking the support they need to stop, finds a new study by Cardiff University. Participants interviewed for the study reported negative reactions directed towards them when they smoked or drank small amounts of alcohol in public during pregnancy, resulting in them smoking and drinking at home instead.
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