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Health - 18.06.2019
GPs should not use inflammatory marker tests to rule out serious conditions
Blood tests that detect inflammation, known as inflammatory marker tests, are not sensitive enough to rule out serious underlying conditions and GPs should not use them for this purpose, according to researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Exeter and the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (NIHR CLAHRC West).

Health - 13.06.2019
People with mobility issues set to benefit from wearable devices
People with mobility issues set to benefit from wearable devices
The lives of thousands of people with mobility issues could be transformed thanks to ground-breaking research by scientists at the University of Bristol. The FREEHAB project will develop soft, wearable rehabilitative devices with a view to helping elderly and disabled people walk and move from sitting to a standing position in comfort and safety.

Health - 13.06.2019
Chronic diseases monitored in primary care could lead to unnecessary testing
Guidelines used by GPs to monitor chronic diseases are based on expert opinion rather than evidence, according to a review of the guidelines by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) researchers at the University of Bristol. The review, published today [Thursday 13 June] in the British Medical Journal, looked at guidelines for chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes, which are monitored through a range of tests in GP surgeries.

Health - 11.06.2019
Being a dad is under the spotlight at the University of Bristol
Researchers at the University of Bristol are about to delve deeper into the relationship between dads and their new baby. It's all part of an initiative funded by the Wellcome Trust to know more about the role of fathers in child development, including families where the mother has experienced mental health difficulties.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.06.2019
Doctors question use of saline fluids to treat critically ill children
Doctors question use of saline fluids to treat critically ill children
Doctors have urged hospitals around the world to reconsider the type of fluids used to treat children gravely ill with sepsis. In a new study , researchers from Imperial College London found saline fluids commonly used to help stabilise critically ill children may trigger the blood to become more acidic, and lead to organ failure.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.06.2019
Improving breast cancer treatment
Millions of patients with incurable breast cancer could benefit from Welsh-led research which shows it is possible to control the cancer for twice as long by combing an investigational therapy with standard treatment. Oestrogen receptive positive breast cancer can be treated by drugs, such as fulvestrant, that interfere with the action of oestrogen.

Health - 07.06.2019
More support needed to increase HIV testing in GP practices
One-off training sessions for GPs are not enough to increase rates of HIV testing in general practice and greater support is needed, according to researchers from the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care and National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Evaluation of Interventions published in BMC Family Practice.

Health - 05.06.2019
A new way to block malaria transmission by targeting young contagious parasite forms
Boosting our natural antibody responses against the transmissible parasite stage could hold the key to combatting the malaria parasite and preventing the spread of the disease. It was previously though thought the human part of the malaria transmission cycle is immunologically “silent”. However, a new study demonstrates that natural immune responses can recognize and kill parasites in this phase of the life cycle before they can spread to mosquitoes.

Health - Psychology - 05.06.2019
Despite increase in rates of non-suicidal self-harm, few people receive medical or psychological support
A new study of non-suicidal self-harm in England, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, suggests that rates grew from around 2 per cent to 6 per cent of the population between 2000 and 2014. At the same time, the study noted no evidence of an increase in treatment contact for this group. Non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) is defined as self-inflicted harm without suicidal intent.

Health - 05.06.2019
Heart disease deaths nearly halved in UK - but condition remains top killer
A new analysis of global heart disease deaths has revealed the number of UK people dying from the condition halved between 2005 and 2015. The UK death rate fell from 80 deaths per 100,000 in 2005 to 46 per 100,000 in 2015. However, the study, from scientists at Imperial College London , reveal the condition remains to be the leading cause of death in the UK and across the globe.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.06.2019
Zebrafish capture a 'window' on the cancer process
Zebrafish capture a ’window’ on the cancer process
Cancer-related inflammation impacts significantly on cancer development and progression. New research has observed in zebrafish, for the first time, that inflammatory cells use weak spots or micro-perforations in the extracellular matrix barrier layer to access skin cancer cells. The research, led by the University of Bristol and published in Cell Reports today [Tuesday 4 June] , used translucent zebrafish to model several sorts of skin cancer and live image how inflammatory cells find the growing cancer cells in the skin.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.06.2019
Gene mutation to cope with modern diets may help protect against diabetes
A common gene variant, which evolved in response to cooking and farming, helps some people cope with modern diets by keeping blood sugar low. However, new research on the gene reveals that close to half of the people studied still have an older variant that may be better suited to prehistoric diets and could make them more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Health - 03.06.2019
Bad teeth revealed as biggest problem for pet greyhounds
Dental disease is the most common health issue facing pet greyhounds, according to the largest ever study of greyhounds treated in first opinion veterinary clinics. The research, led by the Royal Veterinary College's (RVC) VetCompassTM programme in collaboration with the University of Bristol Vet School, reveals that 39 per cent of greyhounds suffer from dental problems, which is a far higher percentage than for any other dog breed.

Health - 31.05.2019
Child deaths in Brazil fall following comprehensive smoking ban
Child deaths have fallen in Brazil following complete smoking bans in public places, according to a new study. Its authors, from Imperial College London, the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), and Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands, estimate that strengthening smoke-free legislation between 2000 and 2016 in Brazil averted over 15,000 deaths in children under one year old.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.05.2019
'switch' that helps breast cancer spread around the body
’switch’ that helps breast cancer spread around the body
Researchers have unveiled clues into how breast cancer cells spread around the body. The early-stage research, led by scientists from Imperial College London and The Institute of Cancer Research , London, identified a genetic ‘switch' in breast cancer cells that boosts the production of a type of internal scaffolding.

Health - Politics - 29.05.2019
Long-term health effects of armed conflict could last years after fighting stops
Living in a warzone is linked with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke among civilians, even years after the conflict ends. The findings come from the first systematic review of the effects of armed conflict on heart disease risk, carried out by researchers at Imperial College London and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.05.2019
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Natural History Museum in London have reconstructed the evolutionary history of the chelicerates, the mega-diverse group of 110,000 arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks. They found, for the first time, genomic evidence that mites and ticks do not constitute two distantly related lineages, rather they are part of the same evolutionary line.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.05.2019
Trial of potential new treatment for type 1 diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff and Swansea Universities are running a new trial to investigate whether a medicine currently used for the skin condition psoriasis could also be used to help people with type 1 diabetes produce some of their own insulin. Over 300,000 people in the UK have Type 1 diabetes and the drug used to treat them - insulin - has not changed in 98 years.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Although it has been known for a long time, that education, and socioeconomic position affect health, particularly in later life, there was limited knowledge as to why. New research has found that increased levels of BMI, blood pressure and smoking partly explain why people who left school at an earlier age could be at an increased risk of heart disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
More years spent in education associated with lower weight and blood pressure
Scientists have helped unravel the link between higher levels of education and reduced risk of heart attack and stroke. Previous research showed every 3.6 years spent in education can reduce a person's lifetime risk of heart disease by a third.
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