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Health - 15.02.2019
What makes a man? Testosterone only half the story, scientists say
Scientists have identified for the first time the details of an ‘alternative' biological process required to develop male genitals in an unborn baby. The findings by researchers at the universities of Aberdeen and Glasgow along with French and Swedish collaborators also sheds more light on the reasons for babies being born with undescended testes or with malformed penises.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict survival of ovarian cancer patients
Artificial intelligence can predict survival of ovarian cancer patients
Researchers have created new machine learning software that can forecast the survival rates and response to treatments of patients with ovarian cancer The artificial intelligence software, created by researchers at Imperial College London and the University of Melbourne , has been able to predict the prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer more accurately than current methods.

Health - 14.02.2019
High success rate for hip and knee replacements
High success rate for hip and knee replacements
After reviewing thousands of case studies going back 25 years across six countries, generalisable survival data is now available for the first time to estimate how long hip and knee replacements are likely to last. The findings of researchers, funded by the National Joint Registry , from the Musculoskeletal Research Unit at the University of Bristol have been published in The Lancet .

Health - Life Sciences - 14.02.2019
Cannabis use in teens raises risk of depression in young adults
Cannabis use in teens raises risk of depression in young adults
Cannabis use among adolescents is found to be associated with increased risk of depression and anxiety in adulthood. Cannabis is the most commonly used recreational drug by teenagers worldwide. In Canada, among youth aged 15 to 19 years, the rate of past-year cannabis use is 20.6%, while in England, 4% of adolescents aged 11 to 15 years used cannabis in the last month.

Health - 13.02.2019
More older people with depression could benefit from non-drug treatments
Depression is common in older age and with an ageing population how late-life depression is managed will become increasingly important. Researchers from the University of Bristol and University College London (UCL) suggest mental health in later life should be given greater priority by healthcare professionals.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.02.2019
Experts call for caution on reporting long-term effects of head injuries in sports
A group of over 60 leading international neuroscientists have called for caution when reporting on the potential late effects of head injuries in sport. In correspondence, published today in The Lancet Neurology, experts in research and clinical practice in brain injury from around the world have asked for balance when reporting on chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

Health - Life Sciences - 12.02.2019
New technique to analyse cancer cells’ life history could help provide personalised cancer treatment
A team of researchers from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine at Oxford University has developed a new technique that allows scientists to reliably track genetic errors in individual cancer cells, and find out how these might lead to uncontrollable growth. Despite recognising that cancer cell diversity underlies treatment resistance and recurrence of cancer, previous attempts to track errors in individual cancer cells were very inaccurate, or could only track a few cells at a time.

Health - 12.02.2019
Demonisation of smoking and drinking in pregnancy can prevent cessation
The demonisation of women who smoke or drink during pregnancy can lead to them smoking or drinking in secret rather than seeking the support they need to stop, finds a new study by Cardiff University. Participants interviewed for the study reported negative reactions directed towards them when they smoked or drank small amounts of alcohol in public during pregnancy, resulting in them smoking and drinking at home instead.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.02.2019
Scientists catch heartbeat ’molecular switch’ in action
Oxford University Radcliffe Department of Medicine researchers have developed a new method that uses a protein originally found in marine corals to visualise the flow of calcium that makes the heart beat. In a paper published in the journal Circulation Research , they used this technique to uncover the effects of genetic errors that contribute to a heart condition that is the leading killer of healthy people between the ages of 20 and 40 in the UK.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 08.02.2019
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you'll be hungover
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you’ll be hungover
"Beer before wine and you'll feel fine; wine before beer and you'll feel queer" goes the age-old aphorism. But scientists have now shown that it doesn't matter how you order your drinks - if you drink too much, you're still likely to be ill. Unpleasant as hangovers are, we should remember that they do have one important benefit...

Health - Pharmacology - 06.02.2019
Researchers awarded 1.3 million to fight prostate cancer
Researchers awarded 1.3 million to fight prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer UK has awarded researchers over £1.3 million for three projects that could lead to new treatments for the disease. The Research Innovation Awards is a prestigious scheme aimed at funding the most impactful research in prostate cancer. The number of prostate cancer cases is increasing in the UK - the condition kills over 11,000 men every year - and research is desperately needed to find new ways of tackling the disease.

Health - 05.02.2019
Ovarian cysts should be 'watched' rather than removed
Ovarian cysts should be ’watched’ rather than removed
Women may not need to undergo surgery for non-cancerous ovarian cysts, avoiding potential surgical complications. This is the finding of new research, by a team of international scientists from institutions including Imperial College London and KU Leuven, published in The Lancet Oncology. Our results may lead to a paradigm shift resulting in less surgery for non-cancerous ovarian cysts Professor Tom Bourne Study author The two-year study followed 1919 women from 10 different countries, including the UK, Belgium, Sweden and Italy, who were diagnosed with non-cancerous ovarian cysts.

Health - 01.02.2019
Cancer immunologist hosts live Q&A on Reddit
Dr Jessica Strid discussed her research on how the immune system controls skin cancer in a live 'Ask Me Anything' (AMA) session on Reddit. Dr Strid who is a senior lecturer in Imperial's Faculty of Medicine , held her session on the social news aggregation, rating, and discussion website on Tuesday 29 January.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.01.2019
Statin therapy reduces cardiovascular disease risk in older people
Statin therapy reduces major vascular events, such as heart attacks and strokes, in people of all ages, including those over the age of 75, according to a new study published in The Lancet. The study assessed the effects of statins in nearly 187,000 people who had taken part in 28 large clinical trials.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.01.2019
Skin colour and neurodevelopment are not linked
The latest findings from the international INTERGROWTH-21st Project, that has monitored healthy, urban children from educated families across four continents from early pregnancy to 2 years of age, show that human neurodevelopment is not influenced by the colour of an individual's skin.

Health - Environment - 30.01.2019
Into age-related eye disease to investigate genetic risk factors
Over 60s residents of an East Yorkshire town are being offered the chance to play an important role in the future development of personalised treatments for age-related eye disease. The Bridlington Eye Assessment Project (BEAP), led by The University of Nottingham, is appealing for people to take part in research that aims to more accurately predict how many patients are likely to be affected by age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and those who are at a greater risk due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.01.2019
New target for gastric cancer therapies
New target for gastric cancer therapies
Cardiff University researchers have uncovered new information about the underlying mechanisms for gastric cancer, providing hope of potential new therapies in the future. The team, at the University's European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, found they could stop gastric cells dividing and growing by deleting a particular cell-surface receptor implicated in the function of stem cells.

Health - 29.01.2019
New guidance for vets launched to 'Keep Britain's Pets Healthy'
New recommendations to help vets give pet owners the best possible consultations on how to keep their animals healthy have been launched by researchers at the University of Nottingham and global pharmaceutical company MSD Animal Health. The recommendations are the result of a package of research by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine team at the University's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science , aimed at improving and standardising best practice in preventative healthcare consultations.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 29.01.2019
Could AI improve patient care in the NHS?
The adoption of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease could help to extend people's lives whilst providing significant savings for the NHS. This is according to researchers from Cardiff University who have provided compelling evidence showing the benefits that state-of-the-art techniques can bring to risk assessments in patients.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.01.2019
Hepatitis C programmes could save 1.5 million deaths by 2030
Hepatitis C programmes could save 1.5 million deaths by 2030
Imperial scientists have published the first global estimates to determine the impact of improved prevention, diagnosis and treatment for hepatitis C. A comprehensive package of prevention, screening, and treatment interventions could avert 15.1 million new hepatitis C infections and 1.5 million cirrhosis and liver cancer deaths globally by 2030 - equal to an 81% reduction in incidence and a 61% reduction in deaths compared with 2015, according to the first study to model hepatitis C interventions globally published in The Lancet.
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