Results 21 - 40 of 913.

Environment - 28.03.2019
Be the change you want to see in the world: How individuals can help save the planet from climate catastrophe
Be the change you want to see in the world: How individuals can help save the planet from climate catastrophe
Individuals have as big a role to play in tackling climate change as major corporations but only if they can be encouraged to make significant lifestyle changes by effective government policy, a major new European study co-authored by a University of Sussex academic has found. The study notes that voluntary lifestyle choices by well-meaning individuals would only achieve around half the required emission reductions needed to hit the 1.5 C Paris Agreement goal.

Health - Environment - 27.03.2019
Improved housing doubles across Sub-Saharan Africa but millions remain in slums
The prevalence housing with improved water and sanitation has doubled in sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2015, according to new research. Using state-of-the-art mapping, researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London and the Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford, have provided the first accurate estimate of urban and rural housing quality in sub-Saharan Africa.

Environment - Architecture - 25.03.2019
X-rays reveal termites' self-cooling, self-ventilating, self-draining skyscrapers
New insight into termites' architectural strategies could help us design more energy efficient self-sustaining buildings for humans. Many species of termite, whose societies are built on hierarchies of kings, queens, workers, and soldiers, live in towering nests that are ventilated by a complex system of tunnels.

Environment - 22.03.2019
Are 'natural' fibres really better for the environment than microplastic fibres’ A new study questions the impact of this plastic alternative
Are 'natural' fibres really better for the environment than microplastic fibres' A new study questions the impact of this plastic alternative Researchers from the University of Nottingham have found a much higher percentage of ‘natural' fibres than microplastic fibres in freshwater and atmospheric samples in the UK.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 19.03.2019
What is on the ground in a city linked inequality in life satisfaction
Cities which have a balance between facilities, housing and natural green spaces have lower levels of socio-economic inequality in the life satisfaction of its residents, according to new research. ‌ In a European-wide study, led by the University of Glasgow MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit and published today in Social Science & Medicine, scientists found links between urban design and levels of inequality in life satisfaction.

Environment - 13.03.2019
Only 149 trees of a wild apple species found alive
Niedzwetzky's apple, a relative of the ancestor of supermarket varieties, faces extinction as less than 150 trees have been found in its native land. Niedzwetzky's apple ( Malus niedzwetzkyana ) shares its home in Central Asia with the iconic snow leopard, but a new study shows the tree is far more endangered than the big cat, and faces extinction if immediate action is not taken.

Physics - Environment - 07.03.2019
First images of fuel debris fallout particles from Fukushima Daiichi
First images of fuel debris fallout particles from Fukushima Daiichi
A joint UK-Japan team has used innovative visualisation techniques to analyse forensic materials in order to understand the sequence of events of the Fukushima nuclear accident. In April 2017, the joint team comprising the University of Bristol, Diamond Light Source (Diamond) and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) undertook the first experiment of its kind to be performed at Diamond.

Environment - 06.03.2019
Sea ice acts as 'pacemaker' for abrupt climate change
Sea ice acts as ’pacemaker’ for abrupt climate change
Substantial variations in past sea ice cover in the Norwegian Sea were instrumental for several abrupt climate changes in large parts of the world, researchers have found.  An international study involving researchers from the UK, Norway, Germany Australia, South Korea and the US has confirmed that changes in sea ice cover in the Norwegian Sea played a key role in driving abrupt climate change events between 32,000 and 40,000 years ago, where global temperatures shifted as much as 15 degrees Celsius.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 06.03.2019
Fossilised palm leaves give new insights into the geographical landscape of prehistoric central Tibet
Fossilised palm leaves give new insights into the geographical landscape of prehistoric central Tibet
A team of scientists from the UK and China have uncovered new evidence, using recently-discovered 25-million-year-old fossilised palm leaves, that Tibet's geography was not as 'high and dry' as previously thought. The new research, co-authored by academics from the University of Bristol's School of Geographical Sciences , suggests that central Tibet must have been no higher than 2.3km with large lakes fringed with subtropical vegetation and deep, hidden valleys.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.03.2019
New tech could help keep better track of Serengeti wildbeest
New methods of counting wildlife could provide conservationists with fast and accurate methods for estimating the abundance of natural populations. In a new paper published in the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution , mathematicians and conservationists from the UK, Africa and the United States discuss how they have used both machine-learning and citizen science techniques to accurately count wildebeest in the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania more rapidly than is possible using traditional methods.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.03.2019
Scientists put ichthyosaurs in virtual water tanks
Scientists put ichthyosaurs in virtual water tanks
Using computer simulations and 3D models, palaeontologists from the University of Bristol have uncovered more detail on how Mesozoic sea dragons swam. The research, published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B , sheds new light on their energy demands while swimming, showing that even the first ichthyosaurs had body shapes well adapted to minimise resistance and maximise volume, in a similar way to modern dolphins.

Health - Environment - 05.03.2019
Enabling targeted interventions to reduce the burden of mosquito-borne diseases
The global population at risk from mosquito-borne diseases - including yellow fever, Zika and dengue - is expanding with changes in the distribution of two key mosquitoes: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus . The spread of these species is largely driven by a combination of factors: human movements and climate change.

Environment - 04.03.2019
Chemical pollutants in the home degrade fertility in both men and dogs
New research by scientists at the University of Nottingham suggests that environmental contaminants found in the home and diet have the same adverse effects on male fertility in both humans and in domestic dogs. There has been increasing concern over declining human male fertility in recent decades with studies showing a 50% global reduction in sperm quality in the past 80 years.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.03.2019
Two genomes can be better than one for evolutionary adaptation
Scientists have revealed how certain wild plants with naturally doubled ‘supergenomes' can stay ahead of the game when it comes to adapting to climate volatility and hostile environments. This world-first study could have significant implications for plant and crop sustainability in the face of climate change.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.02.2019
Discovery of a new pathway that may help develop more resilient crop varieties
Researchers from the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, have discovered a new biochemical pathway in plants which they have named CHLORAD. By manipulating the CHLORAD pathway, scientists can modify how plants respond to their environment. For example, the plant's ability to tolerate stresses such as high salinity can be improved.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.02.2019
Pink or brown? Humans struggle to identify snail shell shades, but technology reveals their true colours
They're neither white and gold or black and blue. But in an optical puzzle akin to The Dress, colourful snails are causing scientists at the University of Nottingham to turn to technology to definitively decide whether some snails' shells are pink or brown. The beautifully-hued Cepaea nemoralis - commonly known as grove snails - are found all over Europe in a range of colours, from yellow to pink to brown, with some also having ‘humbug' style banding patterns.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 22.02.2019
Diving into Earth's interior helps scientists unravel secrets of diamond formation
Diving into Earth’s interior helps scientists unravel secrets of diamond formation
Understanding the global carbon cycle provides scientists with vital clues about the planet's habitability. It's the reason why the Earth has a clement stable climate and a low carbon dioxide atmosphere compared to that of Venus, for instance, which is in a runaway greenhouse state with high surface temperatures and a thick carbon dioxide atmosphere.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.02.2019
Using AI to avert 'environmental catastrophe'
Using AI to avert ’environmental catastrophe’
A new Centre at the University of Cambridge will develop AI techniques to help address some of the biggest threats facing the planet.  These datasets represent a transformation in the way we can study and understand the Earth and environment, as we assess and find solutions to environmental risk Simon Redfern Funded by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), the Centre for Doctoral Training in Application of Artificial Intelligence to the study of Environmental Risks (AI4ER) is one of 16 new Centres for Doctoral Training (CDTs) announced today.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.02.2019
Is lab-grown meat really better for the environment?
Growing meat in the laboratory may do more damage to the climate in the long run than meat from cattle, according to new research. In a first-of-its-kind study from the LEAP (Livestock, Environment and People) programme at the Oxford Martin School, the climate-change impact of several production methods for lab-grown and farmed beef was assessed accounting for the differing greenhouse gases produced.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 13.02.2019
Ambitious research to help achieve UN Sustainable Development Goals
Scientists from across five countries, including those from University of Glasgow, will collaborate on ambitious research to gain a deeper understanding of the relationship between humans and their environment in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The University of Glasgow project “River basins as 'living laboratories' for achieving sustainable development goals across national and sub-national scales” has been funded through the new Natural Environment Research Council-TaSE (Towards a Sustainable Earth) research programme.