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Life Sciences - Environment - 25.06.2018
Why life on Earth first got big
Why life on Earth first got big
Some of the earliest complex organisms on Earth - possibly some of the earliest animals to exist - got big not to compete for food, but to spread their offspring as far as possible. Reproduction appears to have been the main reason that life on Earth got big when it did. Emily Mitchell The research, led by the University of Cambridge, found that the most successful organisms living in the oceans more than half a billion years ago were the ones that were able to 'throw' their offspring the farthest, thereby colonising their surroundings.

Environment - Career - 25.06.2018
Researchers join new initiative on urban air pollution
Cambridge researchers are part of a cutting-edge project unveiled byMayor of London Sadiq Khan last week to better understand Londoners' exposure to air pollution and improve air quality in the capital. Addressing air pollution in cities is a vital but complex challenge. Rod Jones As part of the initiative,a network of air quality sensors will be deployed across the capital, measuring pollution levels in tens of thousands of locations.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 25.06.2018
Who shares experiences of climate change in a 1.5C world and beyond?
A new framework to understand how uneven the effects of a 1.5C world are for different countries around the world has been published today in Geophysical Research Letters, led by researchers from the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) at the Oxford University Department of Geography. It has been long understood that climate change will affect some regions more severely than others.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.06.2018
New gibbon genus discovered in ancient Chinese tomb
New gibbon genus discovered in ancient Chinese tomb
Bones of an entirely new but already extinct genus of gibbons have been discovered in China, revealing the magnitude of human-caused extinction of primates, according to a study by UCL and ZSL (Zoological Society of London). The discovery was made by scientists while studying the contents of a burial chamber in Shaanxi Province, central China and The ancient tomb dates from around 2,300 years ago and possibly belonged to Lady Xia - grandmother to China's first emperor, Qin Shihuang, the leader who ordered the building of the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Warriors.

Environment - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Climate change to overtake land use as major threat to global biodiversity
Climate change to overtake land use as major threat to global biodiversity
Climate change will have a rapidly increasing effect on the structure of global ecological communities over the next few decades, with amphibians and reptiles being significantly more affected than birds and mammals, a new report by UCL finds. The pace of change is set to outstrip loss to vertebrate communities caused by land use for agriculture and settlements, which is estimated to have already caused losses of over ten per cent.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.06.2018
Collecting bacterial communities from puddles helps solve ecosystem riddles
Researchers have used puddle ecosystems to start to unravel the roles different bacteria play in complex communities. Bacteria coat every surface on Earth, living in soil and water, and even inside other creatures including ourselves. They often play critical roles, such as helping us digest food or providing ‘ecosystem services' like decomposing dead plant matter and returning the nutrients to the soil.

Environment - 18.06.2018
Understanding Antarctic ice sheet changes
Understanding Antarctic ice sheet changes
The West Antarctic Ice Sheet was able to re-grow after shrinking but the process is not fast enough to combat the impact of today's climate change, according to research involving Durham University. The research 000 years ago the West Antarctic Ice Sheet shrank to a size even smaller than today but managed to re-grow to its current size thanks to uplifting of the seafloor as the weight of the ice became less.

Life Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2018
Large fenced reserves an effective way to bring wolves back to Scotland
Large fenced reserves an effective way to bring wolves back to Scotland
Large fenced reserves an effective way to bring wolves back to Scotland Research, led by the University of Sussex and the University of Kent, indicates that for wolves to be effective at directly reducing red deer numbers and allowing nature to recover in the Scottish Highlands they may need to be reintroduced to very large fenced reserve.

Environment - 12.06.2018
New insights into the contribution of land ice to sea level rise
New insights into the contribution of land ice to sea level rise
A new study led by scientists from the University of Bristol has provided an up-to-date insight into the impact of melting land ice on sea levels. The new estimate shows there has been a six-fold increase in annual land ice contribution to global sea level rise from the mid-1990s to the early 2010s.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 11.06.2018
Rising CO2 may increase dangerous weather extremes, whatever happens to global temperatures
Rising CO2 may increase dangerous weather extremes, whatever happens to global temperatures
New research from the University of Oxford and collaborators at several other institutions, including the University of Bristol, provides compelling evidence that meeting the global warming target of 1.5C may not be enough to limit the damage caused by extreme weather. The paper, published today , demonstrates that higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations directly increase temperature and rainfall extremes, meaning there could be dangerous changes in these extremes even if the global mean temperature rise remains within 1.5°C.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 08.06.2018
Rising CO2 may increase dangerous weather extremes, whatever happens to global temperatures
New research from the University of Oxford and collaborators at several other institutions provides compelling evidence that meeting the global warming target of 1.5C may not be enough to limit the damage caused by extreme weather. The paper, published today , demonstrates that higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations directly increase temperature and rainfall extremes, meaning there could be dangerous changes in these extremes even if the global mean temperature rise remains within 1.5C.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.06.2018
Scientists propose changing the rules of history to avoid environmental collapse
Scientists propose changing the rules of history to avoid environmental collapse
For the first time in our planet's 4.5 billion-year history a single species, humans, is increasingly dictating its future, according to a new book by UCL scientists.

Environment - Health - 06.06.2018
Pollution hits the fungi that nourish European trees
Pollution is changing the fungi that provide mineral nutrients to tree roots, which could explain malnutrition trends in Europe's trees. A huge study of 13,000 soil samples across 20 European countries has revealed that many tree fungi communities are stressed by pollution, indicating that current pollution limits may not be strict enough.

Business / Economics - Environment - 05.06.2018
Regional inequalities within the EU ’have declined over the past 35 years’
New research from the University of Oxford and UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Germany shows the gap between Europe's haves and have-nots has been narrowing over the past 35 years. The paper, a major comparative study of European urban and regional growth patterns, reveals that since 1980 cities and regions across the EU have been converging economically, becoming increasingly similar in per capita incomes and real growth rates.

Health - Environment - 05.06.2018
Pollution from cars and vans costs 6billion per year in health damages
A new Oxford University collaboration has shed light on the damaging health consequences of Britain's car addiction - revealing that it is likely costing our NHS and society in general more than 6 billion per year. Commissioned by Global Action Plan - who coordinate the forthcoming Clean Air Day (21 June) , and conducted in collaboration with the University of Bath, the researchers' in-depth analysis found for the first time that the health impact costs of diesel cars are significantly higher than petrol, electric and hybrid vehicles.

Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 04.06.2018
Experts build pulsed air rig to test 3D printed parts for low carbon engines
Researchers designed a unique facility for testing 3D printed engine parts, to help reduce carbon emissions worldwide. The new Transient Air System Rig (TASR) was designed and built by Dr Aaron Costall and his team from Imperial College London's Department of Mechanical Engineering. The researchers hope it will help makers of large off-road and freight vehicles reduce the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) they produce.

Environment - Business / Economics - 04.06.2018
'Carbon bubble' coming that could wipe trillions from the global economy - study
’Carbon bubble’ coming that could wipe trillions from the global economy - study
Macroeconomic simulations show rates of technological change in energy efficiency and renewable power are likely to cause a sudden drop in demand for fossil fuels, potentially sparking a global financial crisis. Experts call for a "carefully managed" shift to low-carbon investments and policies to deflate this "carbon bubble".

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 04.06.2018
Transforming our lives can limit global warming to 1.5C without new technology
Changes to how we move around, heat our homes and use devices could all limit global warming by reducing our energy demand. The new study, published today in Nature Energy , is the first to show how the 1.5 o C global warming target can be reached without increasing our global energy demand, while at the same time raising living standards in developing countries.

Environment - Life Sciences - 31.05.2018
New estimates of the environmental cost of food
Research published in the journal Science highlights the environmental impacts of thousands of food producers and their products, demonstrating the need for new technology to monitor agriculture, and the need for environmental labels on food products. Researchers at Oxford University and the Swiss agricultural research institute, Agroscope, have created the most comprehensive database yet on the environmental impacts of nearly 40,000 farms, and 1,600 processors, packaging types, and retailers.

Environment - 21.05.2018
Car dealers are a major barrier to the spread of electric vehicles
Car dealers are a major barrier to the spread of electric vehicles
Car dealers are a major barrier to the spread of electric vehicles A new study by Aarhus University, Denmark and the University of Sussex has found that car dealerships and sales personnel are a major obstacle to the switch to electric vehicles (EVs) in the Nordic region and possibly beyond. The study, published in Nature Energy , shows that EVs are at a disadvantage at the point of sale in comparison with petrol and diesel vehicles across Northern Europe.
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