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Astronomy / Space Science - 18.04.2019
New satellite data sets reveal flood risk for vulnerable populations
Scientists from the University of Bristol have modelled the likelihood of flooding in some of the world's most hazardous zones to an unparalleled degree of accuracy. Their insights could help people and governments better protect themselves against risk and flood losses. As reported today (Thursday 18 April), experts in flood risk and environmental uncertainty analysed detailed hazard maps of 18 countries across Latin America, Asia and Africa against data developed by Facebook's Connectivity Labs detailing population density in those countries.

Astronomy / Space Science - 02.04.2019
Why elite cyclists should talk to astronauts
It is well known that the bones of astronauts can become weak from being in space. But did you know that elite cyclists can lose a similar amount of bone density during a racing season? A new study by our sports science experts has found that something called Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports (RED-S) is the main culprit.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.03.2019
Detectors set to resume hunt for gravitational waves
University of Glasgow astrophysicists are gearing up to resume the search for gravitational waves, the ripples in spacetime caused by some of the universe's most spectacular events. The Glasgow researchers played key roles in the development of the National Science Foundation's Advanced LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) project, based in the United States, which will be starting a new science run on Monday April 1 along with the Virgo gravitational detector, based in Italy.

Astronomy / Space Science - 08.03.2019
Translating space know-how to ’sniff’ out salad quality
Researchers at Cardiff University are developing new technology which will be able to ‘smell' when fruit or vegetables are going off - potentially saving tonnes of waste. According to the UK waste advisory body WRAP, 1,200,000 tonnes of fresh fruit and vegetables are needlessly wasted each year.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.02.2019
Cosmic dust forms in supernovae blasts
Scientists claim to have solved a longstanding mystery as to how cosmic dust, the building blocks of stars and planets, forms across the Universe. Cosmic dust contains tiny fragments or organic material and is spread out across the Universe. The dust is primarily formed in stars and is then blown off in a slow wind or a massive star explosion.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 19.02.2019
Seeing the unseeable
Seeing the unseeable
Scientists have achieved what once seemed impossible, providing the first ever image of a black hole. The landmark discovery announced today by an international team, including academics from Cardiff University, reveals how a collection of telescopes from around the globe - together known as the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) - have made it possible to “see the unseeable.” The image reveals a black hole at the centre of Messier 87, a massive galaxy in the nearby Virgo galaxy cluster.

Astronomy / Space Science - 19.02.2019
Astronomers detect hundreds of thousands of previously unknown galaxies
Astronomers detect hundreds of thousands of previously unknown galaxies
A major new radio sky survey has revealed hundreds of thousands of previously undetected galaxies, shedding new light on many research areas including the physics of black holes and how clusters of galaxies evolve. An international team of more than 200 astronomers from 18 countries, including researchers from the University of Oxford, has published the first phase of the survey at unprecedented sensitivity using the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) telescope.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.02.2019
Giant impacts caused by interplanetary collisions
Giant impacts caused by interplanetary collisions
Astronomers have found fresh evidence for significant planetary diversity within a single exoplanet system, suggesting that giant high-speed collisions are partly responsible for planetary evolution. An international team of scientists led by Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF) and involving physicists from the University of Bristol spent three years observing the exoplanetary system Kepler-107 via the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo in La Palma.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.01.2019
Knighthood for groundbreaking UofG astrophysicist
A pioneering University of Glasgow researcher who helped deliver the historic first detection of gravitational waves has received a knighthood in recognition of his contribution to physics and astronomy. James Hough, Research Professor in Natural Philosophy in the School of Physics and Astronomy, was made a Knight Bachelor of the British Empire by the Duke of Cambridgeduring a ceremony at Buckingham Palace today (Thursday 31 January).

Astronomy / Space Science - 28.01.2019
Black holes shed light on expanding Universe
Black holes shed light on expanding Universe
Scientists are using supermassive black holes to measure the expansion of the early Universe. The researchers, including our astronomers here at Durham University, think that their measurements show the Universe might be growing more rapidly than previously thought. Supermassive black holes give off radiation as they feed and are some of the brightest points of light in space.

Astronomy / Space Science - 21.01.2019
Mystery orbits in outermost reaches of solar system not caused by 'Planet Nine', say researchers
Mystery orbits in outermost reaches of solar system not caused by ’Planet Nine’, say researchers
The strange orbits of some objects in the farthest reaches of our solar system, hypothesised by some astronomers to be shaped by an unknown ninth planet, can instead be explained by the combined gravitational force of small objects orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune, say researchers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.01.2019
Groovy young rock stars and the Holy Grail
Will a telescopic Census of thousands of planets help to pinpoint a new Earth? For Professor Jane Greaves, such a discovery will be the ‘Holy Grail' - the culmination of a career spent observing planets forming around young stars. At the heart of the study, interpreting data on raw material ‘remnants' from comet collisions around stars like the Sun will be the key to success.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 01.01.2019
Martian drill set for Antarctic climate mission
A drill originally developed to break through Martian rocks is set to be deployed to Antarctica on a mission which could help us understand the history of Earth's changing climate. A team of University of Glasgow engineers are heading to a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) research station named Skytrain Ice Rise on Thursday 3 January with a sophisticated drill they originally developed for use on future unmanned Martian rover missions.

Astronomy / Space Science - 14.12.2018
Young star caught forming around another star
A small star has been observed forming out of the dust surrounding a larger star, in a similar way to how planets are born. Astronomers were observing the formation of a massive young star, called MM 1a, when they discovered an unexpected object nearby. MM 1a is surrounded by rotating disc of gas and dust.

Health - Astronomy / Space Science - 07.12.2018
Starburst galaxies and blast injuries: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new insights into star formation, to an annual blast injury conference, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Extreme starburst galaxies Current theories predict a maximum amount of stars that a galaxy can produce each year.

Astronomy / Space Science - 07.12.2018
Largest ever black hole merger detected
Largest ever black hole merger detected
Gravitational waves have been detected after the largest collision of black holes ever observed. The collision took place roughly five billion years ago and produced gravitational waves that were observed on Earth by extremely sensitive detectors on 29 July 2017. The gravitational waves - tiny ripples in space-time that are produced by violent cosmic events - showed that the black holes weighed more than 50 and 34 times the mass of our Sun and collided to produce a single object over 80 times the mass of our star.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.12.2018
Bringing balance to the Universe
A new toy model proposes a way to unify dark energy and dark matter in our Universe. Normal matter is the basic building block of humans, plants, and the solar system, but yet only comprises 5% of all the matter in the Universe. The other 95% is typically invisible, other than when its presence is inferred via gravitational effects.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 03.12.2018
LIGO and Virgo announce four new gravitational-wave detections
University of Glasgow physicists are closing out 2018 with the publication of a wealth of new gravitational wave data collected during the first two observing runs of the LIGO and Virgo detectors. video In a new paper just published online, scientists from the LIGO and Virgo research collaborations present data from a total of 10 stellar-mass binary black hole mergers and one merger of neutron stars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2018
Scientists inch closer to revealing mysteries of Red Planet
Scientists inch closer to revealing mysteries of Red Planet
The 300-million-mile journey that culminated in NASA's InSight landing on Mars this week represents a major scientific coup for all involved, including mission participants from the University of Bristol. The £635m lander, which came to rest on Mars on Monday, will study the makeup and dimensions of the Red Planet's core.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.11.2018
Marsquakes’ mission successfully lands on Red Planet
A mission to Mars which carries instruments co-designed by Oxford scientists, has successfully landed and will soon begin the first study of the heart of the planet. The NASA InSight mission landed shortly after 19:50 GMT on Monday, 26 November. InSight will study the inside of Mars to learn how planets, moons and meteorites with rocky surfaces, including the Earth and its Moon, formed.
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