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Agronomy/Food Science



Results 41 - 60 of 226.


Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.07.2017
Drinking coffee reduces risk of death from all causes, study finds
Drinking coffee reduces risk of death from all causes, study finds
People who drink around three cups of coffee a day may live longer than non-coffee drinkers, a landmark study has found. The findings come from the largest study of its kind, in which scientists analysed data from more than half a million people across 10 European countries, including the UK, to explore the effect of coffee consumption on risk of mortality.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.07.2017
Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
High maternal sugar intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the offspring, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) involving University of Bristol researchers and almost 9,000 mother-child pairs. While some research has reported an association between a high consumption of sugar-containing beverages and asthma in children, the relation between maternal sugar intake during pregnancy and allergy and asthma in the offspring has been little studied.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.07.2017
Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
High maternal sugar intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the offspring, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) involving almost 9,000 mother-child pairs. While some research has reported an association between a high consumption of sugar-containing beverages and asthma in children, the relation between maternal sugar intake during pregnancy and allergy and asthma in the offspring has been little studied.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 02.06.2017
Children with bedroom TVs at significantly higher risk of being overweight
Children with bedroom TVs at significantly higher risk of being overweight
A UCL-led study of over 12,000 young children in the UK has revealed that 11-year-olds who had TVs in their bedroom‚‘at age‚'7 had a significantly higher body mass (BMI) and fat mass (FMI) and were more likely to be overweight compared to children who did not have a bedroom TV. Girls who had a TV in their bedroom at age 7 were at an approximately 30% higher risk of being overweight at age 11 compared to children who did not have a TV in their bedroom, and for boys the risk was increased by about 20%.‚?

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.05.2017
Opinion: Dairy got the all-clear this week - but was it justified?
Opinion: Dairy got the all-clear this week - but was it justified?
When it comes to health claims around the food we eat, it's worth taking a closer look at the science behind the headlines, say Eirini Trichia and Professor Nita Forouhi from the MRC Epidemiology Unit, writing for The Conversation. A new study, published recently in the European Journal of Epidemiology , appeared to give dairy products a clean bill of health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.04.2017
High fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy ‘programs' for health complications in mother and child
High fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy ‘programs’ for health complications in mother and child
Eating a high-fat, high-sugar diet when pregnant ‘programs' both mother and child for potential health complications later in life by disrupting metabolic processes within the mother's body, researchers have found.† We know that obesity during pregnancy is a risk factor for health complications for mother and baby both during and after pregnancy.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.03.2017
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Subsidising healthy foods by up to 10 per cent would do more to shift the eating habits of overweight and obese people than a tax on unhealthy products, and could be cost effective in the long-run, according to the findings of a new study published by economists at the University. Based on the current numbers of obese people in the UK, the authors estimate that a 10 per cent healthy food subsidy over the course of a lifetime and across the population could save as much as £7.2 billion in the long-run.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 23.02.2017
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL which involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body's response to stress. The paper, published in the journal Obesity , showed that exposure to higher levels of cortisol over several months is associated with people being more heavily, and more persistently, overweight.

Agronomy / Food Science - 20.02.2017
Child obesity ‘35-40%' inherited from parents, study finds
Child obesity ‘35-40%’ inherited from parents, study finds
Child obesity ‘35-40%' inherited from parents, study finds Around 35-40 per cent of a child's BMI - how fat or thin they are - is inherited from their parents, a new study has found. For the most obese children, the proportion rises to 55-60 per cent, suggesting that more than half of their tendency towards obesity is determined by genetics and family environment.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.02.2017
Obesity leads to harmful activation of the immune system
Obesity leads to harmful activation of the immune system
Researchers find link between a high fat diet, obesity and cardiovascular disease risk. Obesity and a diet high in fat could lead to a harmful activation of the immune system, increasing a person's risk of heart disease, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). Previous research has shown that obesity increases blood pressure and cholesterol - both risk factors for heart disease.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.02.2017
Baltic hunter-gatherers adopted farming without influence of mass migration, ancient DNA suggests
Baltic hunter-gatherers adopted farming without influence of mass migration, ancient DNA suggests
Ancient DNA analyses show that - unlike elsewhere in Europe - farmers from the Near East did not overtake hunter-gatherer populations in the Baltic. The†findings also suggest†that the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family originated in the Steppe grasslands of the East.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.02.2017
Ancient DNA reveals genetic ‘continuity' between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
Ancient DNA reveals genetic ‘continuity’ between Stone Age and modern populations in East Asia
In contrast to Western Europeans, new research finds contemporary East Asians are genetically much closer to the ancient hunter-gatherers that lived in the same region eight thousand years previously.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.01.2017
New urine test can quickly detect whether a person has a healthy diet
New urine test can quickly detect whether a person has a healthy diet
Scientists have developed a urine test that measures the health of a person's diet. The five-minute test measures biological markers in urine created by the breakdown of foods such as red meat, chicken, fish and fruit and vegetables. The analysis, developed by researchers from Imperial College London, Newcastle University and Aberystwyth University, also gives an indication of how much fat, sugar, fibre and protein a person has eaten.

Agronomy / Food Science - 21.12.2016
Turn an ear to hear
Listeners in a noisy situation benefit from facing slightly away from the person they are listening to, turning one ear towards the speech, concludes a study by Cardiff University, funded by UK charity Action on Hearing Loss (RNID). This listening tactic was found to be especially beneficial for cochlear implant users who typically struggle in noisy social settings such as restaurants.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.12.2016
New test to identify risk of diabetes in pregnancy
New test developed to identify obese women at high risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of researchers led by King's College London have successfully developed a method that more accurately identifies those obese women at high risk of gestational diabetes, than what is currently being used.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.12.2016
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
An analysis of current research shows that people who eat at least 20g of nuts a day have a lower risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases. The analysis of all current studies on nut consumption and disease risk has revealed that 20g a day - equivalent to a handful - can cut people's risk of coronary heart disease by nearly 30 percent, their risk of cancer by 15 percent, and their risk of premature death by 22 percent.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.11.2016
New target receptor discovered in the fight against obesity
New research highlighted today has discovered the essential role that the receptor FFAR2 plays in the success of fermentable carbohydrates - found in foods such as vegetables, fruit, breads, cereals and pasta - in suppressing appetite and preventing obesity. The team of scientists from King's College London and Imperial College London tested a high-fat diet, containing a fermentable carbohydrate, and a control diet on mice and looked at the effect on food intake of those with and without the FFAR2 receptor.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.11.2016
High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
The number of people in the world with high blood pressure has reached 1.13 billion, according to new research. The study, led by scientists at Imperial College London , reveals the number of people with high blood pressure has nearly doubled in 40 years. The team studied changes in blood pressure in every country in the world between 1975 and 2015.

Agronomy / Food Science - Veterinary Science - 14.11.2016
Farm vets can help farmers minimise damage to meat
A new investigation into how meat can be damaged by farm injections has found that 4 per cent of cattle slaughtered in abattoirs in England had injection site lesions in the carcasses. The study by researchers at the Universities of Nottingham and Bristol shows that compliance with recommended injection protocols could be improved to reduce this damage.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 11.11.2016
Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Mothers smoking in pregnancy, children skipping breakfast and not having a regular bedtime or sufficient sleep all appear to be important factors in predicting whether a child will become overweight or obese, according to new research led by UCL. All three are early life factors which can be modified and the research highlights the possibility that prompt intervention could have an impact in curbing the growth in childhood overweight and obesity.