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Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Higher iron levels may boost heart health - but also increase risk of stroke
Scientists have helped unravel the protective ' and potentially harmful ' effect of iron in the body. In a series of early-stage studies examining genetic data from over 500,000 people, a team of international scientists, led by Imperial College London, explored the role that iron plays in over 900 diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.07.2019
Genes could play a role in tooth decay and gum disease
Tooth decay and gum disease impact on illness and healthcare spending, yet the role of genetics in dental problems is largely unknown. New research led by an international team, including researchers at the University of Bristol, suggests hereditary traits and factors such as obesity, education and personality could play a role in tooth decay and gum disease.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 03.07.2019
Blood pressure drug linked with increased risk of bowel condition | Imperial News | Imperial College London
Blood pressure drug linked with increased risk of bowel condition | Imperial News | Imperial College London
A type of blood pressure lowering medication, called a calcium-channel blocker, may be linked with increased risk of bowel condition diverticulosis. This condition causes small bulges or pouches to appear in the lining of the intestine. Particularly affecting the elderly (as many as 65 per cent of over 85s may be affected), diverticulosis can in some cases can lead to a medical emergency if the pouches become infected or burst.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.07.2019
Scientists hijack bacteria's homing ability
Scientists hijack bacteria’s homing ability
In a world first, scientists have found a new way to direct stem cells to heart tissue. The findings, led by researchers at the University of Bristol and published in Chemical Science, could radically improve the treatment for cardiovascular disease, which causes more than a quarter of all deaths in the UK (1).

Life Sciences - 26.06.2019
Snails show that variety is the key to success if you want to remember more
Snails show that variety is the key to success if you want to remember more
A change is as good as a rest when it comes to remembering more, according to new research by neuroscientists at the University of Sussex. Dr Michael Crossley , Senior Research Fellow in Neuroscience, used pond snails to study the factors impacting on memory interference. He found that, when tasked with learning two similar things, snails were only able to store and recall the first memory.

Life Sciences - 21.06.2019
Neuroscience research questions current alcohol limit
Neuroscience research questions current alcohol limit
New research by neuroscientists from the University of Sussex shows that drinking only one pint of beer or a large glass of wine is enough to significantly compromise a person's sense of agency. Sense of agency is the feeling of being in control of our actions. It is an important aspect of human social behaviour, as it implies knowledge of the consequences of those actions.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 20.06.2019
How in times of trouble animals also stand together
How in times of trouble animals also stand together
Faced with potential violence from rival factions, dwarf mongoose groupmates pull together and behave more co-operatively, according to a new study by University of Bristol researchers published today [Thursday 20 June]. Conflict between rival groups is common throughout the animal world, from ants to chimpanzees, but its consequences have been little studied.

Life Sciences - 16.06.2019
Neuroscientists 3D model ’face identity information’ stored in the brain
In a world first, neuroscientists from the University of Glasgow have been able to construct 3D facial models using the unique information stored in an individual's brain when recalling the face of a familiar person. The study will be the cornerstone for greater understanding of the brain mechanisms of face identification, and could have applications for AI, gaming technology and eyewitness testimony.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 12.06.2019
Dolphins form friendships through shared interests just like us
Dolphins form friendships through shared interests just like us
When it comes to making friends, it appears dolphins are just like us and form close friendships with other dolphins that have a common interest. The findings, published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B by an international team of researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Zurich and Western Australia, provides further insight into the social habits of these remarkable animals.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.06.2019
Doctors question use of saline fluids to treat critically ill children
Doctors question use of saline fluids to treat critically ill children
Doctors have urged hospitals around the world to reconsider the type of fluids used to treat children gravely ill with sepsis. In a new study , researchers from Imperial College London found saline fluids commonly used to help stabilise critically ill children may trigger the blood to become more acidic, and lead to organ failure.

Life Sciences - 05.06.2019
Gene-edited chicken cells could leave flu with nowhere to hide
Scientists have used gene-editing techniques to stop the bird flu virus from spreading, in chicken cells grown in the lab. According to the team behind the work, the findings raise the possibility of producing gene-edited chickens that are resistant to flu. This could potentially prevent the birds from being a major reservoir for pandemic strains of the virus.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.06.2019
Zebrafish capture a 'window' on the cancer process
Zebrafish capture a ’window’ on the cancer process
Cancer-related inflammation impacts significantly on cancer development and progression. New research has observed in zebrafish, for the first time, that inflammatory cells use weak spots or micro-perforations in the extracellular matrix barrier layer to access skin cancer cells. The research, led by the University of Bristol and published in Cell Reports today [Tuesday 4 June] , used translucent zebrafish to model several sorts of skin cancer and live image how inflammatory cells find the growing cancer cells in the skin.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.06.2019
Gene mutation to cope with modern diets may help protect against diabetes
A common gene variant, which evolved in response to cooking and farming, helps some people cope with modern diets by keeping blood sugar low. However, new research on the gene reveals that close to half of the people studied still have an older variant that may be better suited to prehistoric diets and could make them more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Life Sciences - 04.06.2019
Could extra finger 'birth defect' provide blueprint for robotic extra limbs?
Could extra finger ’birth defect’ provide blueprint for robotic extra limbs?
New research on two people born with extra fingers has shown how the brain adapts to the workload imposed by more digits. Extra fingers and toes are traditionally seen as a birth defect, so nobody has thought to study how useful they might really be. Professor Etienne Burdet Department of Bioengineering The findings could show us how to tap into the brain's resources to control robotic extra limbs and digits.

Palaeontology - Life Sciences - 03.06.2019
Feathers came first, then birds
Feathers came first, then birds
New research, led by the University of Bristol, suggests that feathers arose 100 million years before birds - changing how we look at dinosaurs, birds, and pterosaurs, the flying reptiles. It also changes our understanding of feathers themselves, their functions and their role in some of the largest events in evolution.

Life Sciences - Sport Sciences - 03.06.2019
Progress in understanding dementia in footballers
Results of the largest study to date of the pathology of dementia in former footballers and rugby players have been revealed. ‌ In a study published in Acta Neuropathologica and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania, the researchers report that while a pathology associated with brain injury - chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) - might be common in former athletes with dementia, in many cases its clinical significance remains uncertain.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.05.2019
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Avoiding detection can provide significant survival advantages for prey, predators, or the military. For the first time, scientists from Bristol's Camo Lab have identified a new method to find the optimal colour to minimize or maximize detectability of a target. The study is published in a Royal Society Interface study.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.05.2019
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Natural History Museum in London have reconstructed the evolutionary history of the chelicerates, the mega-diverse group of 110,000 arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks. They found, for the first time, genomic evidence that mites and ticks do not constitute two distantly related lineages, rather they are part of the same evolutionary line.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Although it has been known for a long time, that education, and socioeconomic position affect health, particularly in later life, there was limited knowledge as to why. New research has found that increased levels of BMI, blood pressure and smoking partly explain why people who left school at an earlier age could be at an increased risk of heart disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
More years spent in education associated with lower weight and blood pressure
Scientists have helped unravel the link between higher levels of education and reduced risk of heart attack and stroke. Previous research showed every 3.6 years spent in education can reduce a person's lifetime risk of heart disease by a third.
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