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Health - 21.03.2019
Further evidence of the dangers of smoking in pregnancy
‌‌Smoking during pregnancy is understood to pose risks to both baby and mother. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow has found further evidence that maternal smoking poses a risk to baby and child health. The study, published today in BMJ Open , reveals more detailed evidence about the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and childhood hospitalization, as well as birth conditions which can lead to lifelong ill health and devastating outcomes such as meningitis and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Health - 20.03.2019
Risk of miscarriage linked strongly to mother’s age and pregnancy history
The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with a woman's age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is increased after some pregnancy complications, finds a study led by the Bristol Medical School and published in The BMJ today [Wednesday 20 March]. The findings suggest that miscarriage and other pregnancy complications might share underlying causes, which warrant further study, say the researchers.

Administration - Health - 20.03.2019
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. However, the link between anxiety and later binge drinking and later frequency and quantity of drinking was more inconclusive.

Health - 19.03.2019
Finds that long-serving veterans live longer
Veterans with a long period of service in the Armed Forces have a reduced risk of early death, according to a study by the University of Glasgow. People who spend longer in employment are generally at lower risk of early death (the ‘healthy worker effect'), but few studies have looked at whether this holds good for military service.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.03.2019
Caterpillars could hold the secret to new treatment for Osteoarthritis
A substance from a fungus that infects caterpillars could offer new treatment hope for sufferers of osteoarthritis according to new research. Cordycepin is an active compound isolated from the caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris and has proved to be effective in treating osteoarthritis by blocking inflammation in a new way, through reducing a process called polyadenylation.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.03.2019
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Academics at the University of Bristol have taken the first long-term look at potential factors that could lead to suicide attempts in high-risk young people. Published in The Lancet Psychiatry today (Thursday 14 March) researchers examined questionnaire data from 16 and 21 year olds who are part of Bristol's Children of the 90s study, concentrating on those who'd thought about suicide.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
A new class of oral cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins due to side effects. The findings come from the largest study to date to test the effectiveness and safety of bempedoic acid, an oral medication - yet to be approved in Europe - which inhibits the body's ability to create the building blocks of cholesterol.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
Molecular patterns could better predict breast cancer recurrence
The genetic and molecular make-up of individual breast tumours holds clues to how a woman's disease could progress, including the likelihood of it coming back after treatment, and in what time frame, according to a study published in Nature.

Health - 13.03.2019
Parkinson's treatment delivers a power-up to brain cell 'batteries'
Parkinson’s treatment delivers a power-up to brain cell ’batteries’
Scientists have gained clues into how a Parkinson's disease treatment, called deep brain stimulation, helps tackle symptoms. The early-stage study, by researchers at Imperial College London , suggests the treatment boosts the number and strength of brain cell ‘batteries' called mitochondria. These batteries in turn provide power to brain cells, which may help reduce problems with movement and tremors.

Health - 12.03.2019
Urgent need for guidelines to communicate with children about life threatening conditions
The global prevalence of life threatening conditions in children and parents makes it an urgent priority to develop child-focused communication guidelines for healthcare professionals to support families in their time of need.

Health - 12.03.2019
Is my child seriously ill?
Parents generally tend to consider their child more unwell than GPs and use different factors to judge symptom severity, according to researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care in a study published in the British Journal of General Practice today [Tuesday 12 March]. Respiratory infections are the commonest reason parents take children to see their GP.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.03.2019
New evidence proves the work of UN agencies is effective
Academics led by Professor Lucie Cluver at Oxford University have shown how key services in lower and middle-income countries can contribute to multiple sustainable development goals (SDGs), even for the highest-risk children and adolescents. The study, led by Oxford University in collaboration with the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand, University College London and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is the first to test the UN's concept of 'accelerators': provisions that can improve the lives of vulnerable populations in not only one SDG area, but many.

Health - 11.03.2019
Vaccine developed to treat osteoarthritic pain
Researchers have developed a vaccine that blocks the effects of the main cause of pain in osteoarthritis (OA) - nerve growth factor (NGF) - in mice. In a collaborative effort between the Jenner Institute and the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology at the University of Oxford, with colleagues in the University of Bern, and the Latvian Biomedical Research & Study Centre, scientists have developed and tested a vaccine that could be used to treat chronic pain caused by osteoarthritis, by blocking the cause of the pain - NGF.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
New insight into gestational diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that women taking metformin and/or insulin during gestational diabetes could reduce the risk of long-term complications for their child. The team discovered that the placentas of women treated with the drugs didn't exhibit DNA alterations associated with type 2 diabetes, while those of women not treated with the drugs did.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.03.2019
Domestic violence against women: giving friends and relatives the keys to help
Today [Friday 8 March] International Women's Day [IWD 2019] is celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women but worldwide, domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is still experienced by almost one in three women. It has become a major public health issue, with profound physical and mental health impact.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.03.2019
Potential new treatment for heart attack
Scientists have found a potential new drug for treating the heart damage caused by a heart attack - by targeting the way the heart reacts to stress. This is the finding of new research, by scientists at Imperial College London and published in the journal Cell Stem Cell. There are no existing therapies that directly address the problem of muscle cell death Professor Michael Schneider Study author The research team, part-funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) used stem cells to grow heart tissue and mimic a ‘heart attack in a dish'.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.03.2019
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
The debilitating behaviours and all-consuming thoughts, which affect people with severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), could be significantly improved with targeted deep brain stimulation, according to new research published today. OCD is characterised by unwanted intrusive thoughts and repetitive rituals and causes pronounced impairment in everyday life.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.03.2019
New Hepatitis C cases down by almost 70 per cent in HIV positive men in London
New cases of hepatitis C amongst HIV positive men in London have fallen by nearly 70 per cent in recent years. The new analysis of data from three clinics in London found 256 men were diagnosed between 2013-2018. New infections peaked at 17 for every 1000 people studied in 2015 and fell to six by 2018.

Health - 06.03.2019
Common chest infection puts babies at risk of hospitalisation in preschool years
Infants who are admitted to hospital with the common infection bronchiolitis are at increased risk of further emergency hospital visits. These are the findings of researchers from Imperial College London , who tracked 613,377 babies (almost all births in England between April 2007 - March 2008) up to the age of five years.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.03.2019
HIV remission achieved in second patient
A second person has experienced sustained remission from HIV-1 after ceasing treatment, reports a paper led by UCL and Imperial College London. The case report comes ten years after the first such case, known as the ‘Berlin Patient.' Both patients were treated with stem cell transplants from donors carrying a genetic mutation that prevents expression of an HIV receptor CCR5.
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