News 2019



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Life Sciences - Health - 24.05.2019
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Shows that mites and ticks are close relatives
Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Natural History Museum in London have reconstructed the evolutionary history of the chelicerates, the mega-diverse group of 110,000 arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks. They found, for the first time, genomic evidence that mites and ticks do not constitute two distantly related lineages, rather they are part of the same evolutionary line.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.05.2019
Trial of potential new treatment for type 1 diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff and Swansea Universities are running a new trial to investigate whether a medicine currently used for the skin condition psoriasis could also be used to help people with type 1 diabetes produce some of their own insulin. Over 300,000 people in the UK have Type 1 diabetes and the drug used to treat them - insulin - has not changed in 98 years.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Leaving school earlier could increase the risk of heart disease
Although it has been known for a long time, that education, and socioeconomic position affect health, particularly in later life, there was limited knowledge as to why. New research has found that increased levels of BMI, blood pressure and smoking partly explain why people who left school at an earlier age could be at an increased risk of heart disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2019
More years spent in education associated with lower weight and blood pressure
Scientists have helped unravel the link between higher levels of education and reduced risk of heart attack and stroke. Previous research showed every 3.6 years spent in education can reduce a person's lifetime risk of heart disease by a third.

Health - 22.05.2019
Largest report of its kind reveals the issues affecting adolescents today
Schools and society as a whole have a role to play in helping young people tackle numerous challenges around their health and wellbeing, researchers say. The School Health Research Network is led by Professor Simon Murphy at Cardiff University and is the largest network of its type in the world. The network includes every Welsh secondary school and conducts a biennial survey in partnership with Welsh Government and Public Health Wales.

Health - 21.05.2019
To help uncover childhood risks for self-harm or eating disorders
A new study led by the University of Bristol will help uncover risk factors and links between self-harm and eating disorders. New funding from the Medical Research Council (MRC) now allows for complex modelling and analysis of Bristol's Children of the 90s questionnaires and clinic data, to further our understanding of factors leading to self harm and eating disorders in children and teenagers.

Health - 21.05.2019
LeDeR annual report indicates ongoing concerns over deaths
LeDeR annual report indicates ongoing concerns over deaths
Findings published today in the Learning Disabilities Mortality Review (LeDeR) Programme's 2018 annual report indicate ongoing concerns about the premature deaths of people with learning disabilities. The University of Bristol analyses the findings from completed reviews of deaths and publishes these in its annual reports.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.05.2019
Head injury effects halted by xenon gas, finds first ever lifelong study in mice
Head injury effects halted by xenon gas, finds first ever lifelong study in mice
Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), xenon prevented early death, improved long-term cognition, and protected brain tissue in mice in a new study. TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in people under 45 in developed countries. The primary injury, caused by the initial force from a fall or car accident for example, is followed by a secondary injury which develops in the minutes, hours and days afterwards.

Health - 20.05.2019
Using activity monitors to track cats’ activity levels
Does your cat live indoors' Researchers from the University of Bristol Vet School want to hear from indoor cat owners for a new study looking at cats' mobility levels using cat activity monitors. The researchers want to study the effect of joint disease on cats' activity levels by using activity monitors to measure the movements of cats with and without mobility problems.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.05.2019
Cancer drug could be repurposed to provide treatment for brain aneurysms
Cancer drug could be repurposed to provide treatment for brain aneurysms
Cancer drug could be repurposed to provide treatment for brain aneurysms, new research suggests An important class of drug used to treat cancer patients could be used to treat brain aneurysms, according to new research published this week. Brain aneurysms are a bulge in a blood vessel caused by a weakness in the blood vessel wall.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.05.2019
Cooling baby treatment one of ‘Nation's Lifesavers'
Cooling baby treatment one of ‘Nation’s Lifesavers’
A University of Bristol researcher who discovered that cooling babies who have suffered a lack of oxygen at birth improves their survival without brain damage in later childhood, is named by Universities UK as one of the 'Nation's Lifesavers'. One in 1,000 babies born at full term in the UK suffer brain injury as a result of being severely deprived of oxygen.

Health - 16.05.2019
Provost named among Nation's Lifesavers
Provost named among Nation’s Lifesavers
A researcher from the University of Sussex has today been recognised for his exceptional contribution to the nation's wellbeing. Professor Saul Becker , the University's Provost and world-leading expert in young carers has been named one of the Nation's Lifesavers - the top 100 individuals or groups based in universities whose work is saving lives and making a life-changing difference to our health and wellbeing.

Pharmacology - Health - 14.05.2019
Decoy antibiotics could get around bacteria's defences
Decoy antibiotics could get around bacteria’s defences
Imperial medical students have helped to devise a new type of 'decoy' drug to tackle infections that are resistant to antibiotics. In tests with cell cultures, the new drug successfully killed a strain of drug-resistant bacteria. It works by delivering two antibiotics, one of which is effectively hidden.

Health - 14.05.2019
New approach could improve heart attack care across Scotland
MSPs will tonight (Tuesday 14 May 2019) hear from University of Glasgow researchers how patients with life-threatening heart problems could benefit from a new approach to tracking treatments and outcomes throughout their care. An e-Registry of electronic health records has already helped Cardiologists bring together six care pathways for heart attack patients in the NHS.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.05.2019
Smart design could prevent drug resistance in new malaria treatments
Smart design could prevent drug resistance in new malaria treatments
Researchers have overcome malaria parasites' resistance to potential new drugs by studying how it evolves. In a paper published today in Cell Chemical Biology , scientists from the Francis Crick Institute and Imperial College London studied malaria parasites resistant to a promising new class of candidate antimalarial drugs.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.05.2019
Stress in early life could make people more likely to develop depression
New research by the University of Bristol has found that early life adversity could make an individual more at risk of developing negative thinking, which could lead to major depressive disorder (MDD). The findings provide biological and psychological evidence to support work first proposed in the 1960s.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.05.2019
New film of immune system killing bacteria could point to new therapies
New film of immune system killing bacteria could point to new therapies
New film showing how our immune system attacks bacteria may guide the development of new therapies that harness the immune system against infections. To kill bacteria in the blood, our immune system opens deadly ‘bullet holes' in their membranes, causing them to burst and die. The holes are created by structures called membrane attack complexes (MACs).

Life Sciences - Health - 03.05.2019
Genetic conditions lead to range of overlapping needs in children
Deletions and duplications of DNA are responsible for wide-ranging developmental difficulties in children, finds a new study by Cardiff University.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.05.2019
How both mother and baby genes affect birth weight
The largest study of its kind, which has used genetic information from Bristol's Children of the 90s, has led to new insights into the complex relationships surrounding how mothers' and babies' genes influence birth weight. The research, published , identifies 190 links between our genetic code and birth weight, two-thirds of which are identified for the first time.

Health - 30.04.2019
Reveals hip and knee replacement performance in England and Wales
Reveals hip and knee replacement performance in England and Wales
The performance of different prosthetic implant combinations used in patients undergoing hip and knee replacements in England and Wales over the last 14 years have, for the first time, been directly compared in two new studies. The University of Bristol findings, published in the BMJ Open today [Tuesday 30 April], reveal substantial variability in the performance of different joint replacements, and the number of patients requiring a second surgery.
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