News 2019


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Results 41 - 60 of 281.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.04.2019
Marine heatwave proves devastating to Shark Bay and dolphins
Marine heatwave proves devastating to Shark Bay and dolphins
Dolphin survival and reproductive rates suffered a significant decline following a 2011 marine heatwave affecting around 1,000km of Western Australia's coastline. The findings, published in Current Biology and representing an international collaboration of researchers and universities, including Zurich and Bristol, have important implications for marine conservation and mitigating the effects of climate change.

Physics - Innovation / Technology - 01.04.2019
Skyrmions could provide next generation data storage
Skyrmions could provide next generation data storage
Scientists at the Universities of Birmingham, Bristol and Colorado, Boulder have moved a step closer to developing the next generation of data storage and processing devices, using an emerging science called skyrmionics. Skyrmionics focuses on harnessing the properties of nanometer-sized structures in magnetic films called skyrmions.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.04.2019
Tumour-targeting viruses hold hope for incurable brain cancers
Using bacteria-killing viruses to deliver cancer therapies could help to tackle deadly brain cancers, according to new early-stage research. The approach is being explored by researchers to treat glioblastoma, an aggressive, incurable form of brain cancer which kills many patients within the first year following diagnosis.

Palaeontology - Life Sciences - 29.03.2019
Untangling the evolution of feeding strategies in ancient crocodiles
Untangling the evolution of feeding strategies in ancient crocodiles
Ancient aquatic crocodiles fed on softer and smaller prey than their modern counterparts and the evolution of skull shape and function allowed them to spread into new habitats, reveal paleobiology researchers from the University of Bristol and UCL. For the study, published today in Paleontology , the team digitally reconstructed the skull of an extinct species of marine crocodile and compared it to similar living species to gain new insights into the diet of ancient crocodiles and their role in ecosystems around 230 million years ago.

Business / Economics - 29.03.2019
Get her off my screen - female reality contestants prove unpopular with viewers
PA. 70/19 Female contestants in the reality show Big Brother are unpopular among viewers in countries across the globe, according to a new study. The findings could have important implications for the existence of gender discrimination in the entertainment industry. Women contestants proved particularly unpopular in the UK, where being female roughly doubled a housemate's probability of losing any given audience vote during the show's 18-year life-span.

Health - 29.03.2019
Scientists trial drones to protect coffee plants from devastating fungal disease
Scientists trial drones to protect coffee plants from devastating fungal disease
Researchers are trialling the use of drones to monitor coffee plant health in Thailand in a bid to prevent the spread of disease. Around 95 million cups of coffee are drunk a day in the UK alone, but the coffee plant is susceptible to a fungal disease known as coffee rust. This disease is devastating to the plant and can wipe out vast swathes of crops or even entire plantations.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.03.2019
Serengeti-Mara squeeze - one of the world’s most iconic ecosystems under pressure
Increased human activity around one of Africa's most iconic ecosystems is “squeezing the wildlife in its core”, damaging habitation and disrupting the migration routes of wildebeest, zebra and gazelle, an international study has concluded. ‌ The Serengeti-Mara ecosystem is one of the largest and most protected ecosystems on Earth, spanning 40,000 square kilometres and taking in the Serengeti National Park and Maasai Mara National Reserve in East Africa.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.03.2019
New, more efficient way to reduce water use and improve plant growth
A team of scientists has revealed a new, sustainable way for plants to increase carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake for photosynthesis while reducing water usage. The breakthrough was led by a team of plant scientists at the University of Glasgow and is published today . The researchers used a new, synthetic light-activated ion channel, engineered from plant and algal virus proteins, to speed up the opening and closing of the stomata - pores in the leaves of plants - through which carbon dioxide (CO2) enters for photosynthesis.

Social Sciences - 28.03.2019
School summer holiday experiences may be putting poorer children’s mental health at risk
The mental health and wellbeing of children from poorer families may be at greater risk in part due to less positive school summer holiday experiences, new research has revealed. The study, led by researchers from Cardiff University, is the first to examine how young peoples' experiences during the long summer holiday might explain socioeconomic differences in mental health and wellbeing upon return to school.

Environment - 28.03.2019
Be the change you want to see in the world: How individuals can help save the planet from climate catastrophe
Be the change you want to see in the world: How individuals can help save the planet from climate catastrophe
Individuals have as big a role to play in tackling climate change as major corporations but only if they can be encouraged to make significant lifestyle changes by effective government policy, a major new European study co-authored by a University of Sussex academic has found. The study notes that voluntary lifestyle choices by well-meaning individuals would only achieve around half the required emission reductions needed to hit the 1.5 C Paris Agreement goal.

Health - Environment - 27.03.2019
Improved housing doubles across Sub-Saharan Africa but millions remain in slums
The prevalence housing with improved water and sanitation has doubled in sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2015, according to new research. Using state-of-the-art mapping, researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London and the Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford, have provided the first accurate estimate of urban and rural housing quality in sub-Saharan Africa.

Health - Computer Science / Telecom - 27.03.2019
Artificial intelligence can predict premature death
Computers which are capable of teaching themselves to predict premature death could greatly improve preventative healthcare in the future, suggests a new study by experts at the University of Nottingham. The team of healthcare data scientists and doctors have developed and tested a system of computer-based ‘machine learning' algorithms to predict the risk of early death due to chronic disease in a large middle-aged population.

Health - 27.03.2019
AI can improve X-ray identification of pacemakers in emergencies
Researchers have created new AI software that can identify cardiac rhythm devices in x-rays more accurately and quickly than current methods. The team believes this software could speed up the diagnosis and treatment of patients with faulty devices in an emergency setting. The software, created by researchers at Imperial College London, has been able to identify the make and model of different cardiac rhythm devices, such as pacemakers and defibrillators, within seconds.

Health - 27.03.2019
Sexual satisfaction among older people about more than just health
Communication and being in a happy relationship, along with health, are important for sexual satisfaction among older people, according to new research published in PLOS ONE.‌ Sexual expression is increasingly recognised as important throughout the life course, in maintaining relationships, promoting self-esteem and contributing to health and well-being.

Health - 27.03.2019
Precision maps reveal widespread distribution of disabling neglected tropical disease in Rwanda
Precision maps reveal widespread distribution of disabling neglected tropical disease in Rwanda
The painful and stigmatising neglected tropical disease podoconiosis is widespread across Rwanda, according to the first mapping of the disease. All 30 districts have been found to be endemic for non-filarial elephantiasis, also known as podoconiosis, which affects the feet and lower limbs. More than a million people were screened for the disease across 30 districts, and cases of podoconiosis were found in all districts.

Life Sciences - 27.03.2019
‘Nightmarish' antlions' spiral digging techniques create effective and deadly traps
‘Nightmarish’ antlions’ spiral digging techniques create effective and deadly traps
A team of biologists and physicists, led by the University of Bristol, have uncovered new insights into how antlions - one of the fiercest and most terrifying predators in the insect kingdom - build their deadly pit traps. Antlions - with their nightmarish fish-hook sharp jaws which can drain the bodily fluids of its victims within minutes - are iconic within entomology and they have been studied for 200 years.

Life Sciences - 27.03.2019
Antlions create effective and deadly traps using sophisticated techniques
A team of biologists and physicists have discovered how antlions optimise the creation of their deadly pits to draw prey into their jaws. Antlions are small insects with fish-hook sharp jaws that can drain the bodily fluids of their victims within minutes. They build pits lined with fine sand grains that create a slippery surface for prey - typically ants - tumbling them towards the antlion's jaws.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 26.03.2019
New 'pulsing' ultrasound technique improves drug delivery to brains of mice
New ’pulsing’ ultrasound technique improves drug delivery to brains of mice
Using rapid short-pulse sequences of ultrasound helps drugs reach the brains of mice, according to new Imperial College London research. Scientists currently use long-wave pulses of ultrasound to deliver drugs, which can cause side effects. Now, these new findings from Imperial on shorter-wave pulses could change how drugs are used to help patients of Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.03.2019
Detectors set to resume hunt for gravitational waves
University of Glasgow astrophysicists are gearing up to resume the search for gravitational waves, the ripples in spacetime caused by some of the universe's most spectacular events. The Glasgow researchers played key roles in the development of the National Science Foundation's Advanced LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) project, based in the United States, which will be starting a new science run on Monday April 1 along with the Virgo gravitational detector, based in Italy.

Health - 26.03.2019
Experts call for fairer reporting of out-of-hours healthcare services
Over 75% of newspaper articles regarding out-of-hours healthcare services were found to be negative in tone, according to a new study.‌‌ The research, led by the University of Glasgow's Institute of Health and Wellbeing, and published today in BMJ Open , found a prevalence of articles describing crises or personal narratives depicting rare and tragic patient stories that were often repeated, and could be providing a skewed picture of the service to the public.