News 2019


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Results 41 - 60 of 140.

Social Sciences - 11.02.2019
Seven moral rules found all around the world
Anthropologists at the University of Oxford have discovered what they believe to be seven universal moral rules. The rules: help you family, help your group, return favours, be brave, defer to superiors, divide resources fairly, and respect others' property, were found in a survey of 60 cultures from all around the world.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 11.02.2019
What does it take to make a better battery?
What does it take to make a better battery?
Cambridge researchers are working to solve one of technology's biggest puzzles: how to build next-generation batteries that could power a green revolution. A better battery could make all the difference. So what's holding up progress? Like many of us, when I wake up I reach for the phone on my bedside table and begin scrolling through Twitter, Instagram, email and news apps.

Physics - 11.02.2019
New light thrown on hunt for MH370
New insights into the behaviour of underwater sound waves has identified two new possible locations where the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 might have impacted with the ocean. Researchers at Cardiff University have put forward these alternate locations based on new calculations of the interaction of acoustic gravity waves with the elasticity, or flexibility, of the sea floor.

Pedagogy - 08.02.2019
Proves the success of support for parents who have children taken into care
A scheme supporting parents who have had children taken into care has been praised by Cardiff University academics in charge of its first independent evaluation. Dr Louise Roberts, from the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE), led the assessment of one of the first Reflect schemes, which has been run by Barnado's Cymru in Gwent since 2016.

Life Sciences - 08.02.2019
Butterflies are genetically wired to choose a mate that looks just like them
Butterflies are genetically wired to choose a mate that looks just like them
Male butterflies have genes which give them a sexual preference for a partner with a similar appearance to themselves, according to new research. There's a small region of the genome that has some very big effects Chris Jiggins A team of academics from the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, observed the courtship rituals and sequenced the DNA from nearly 300 butterflies to find out how much of the genome was responsible for their mating behaviour.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.02.2019
Scientists catch heartbeat ’molecular switch’ in action
Oxford University Radcliffe Department of Medicine researchers have developed a new method that uses a protein originally found in marine corals to visualise the flow of calcium that makes the heart beat. In a paper published in the journal Circulation Research , they used this technique to uncover the effects of genetic errors that contribute to a heart condition that is the leading killer of healthy people between the ages of 20 and 40 in the UK.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 08.02.2019
Thinking positively during pregnancy? You could be helping your child’s ability in maths and science
Your attitude during pregnancy could have an effect on your child's ability in maths and science, according to a new study published by Frontiers in Psychology today. Using data from Bristol's Children of the 90s study the research is one of a series from the University of Bristol , that examines a parental personality attribute known as the ‘locus of control'.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 08.02.2019
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you'll be hungover
Wine before beer, or beer before wine? Either way, you’ll be hungover
"Beer before wine and you'll feel fine; wine before beer and you'll feel queer" goes the age-old aphorism. But scientists have now shown that it doesn't matter how you order your drinks - if you drink too much, you're still likely to be ill. Unpleasant as hangovers are, we should remember that they do have one important benefit...

Earth Sciences - Environment - 07.02.2019
Volcanic growth ’critical’ to the formation of Panama
It is a thin strip of land whose creation kick-started one of the most significant geological events in the past 60 million years. Yet for scientists the exact process by which the Isthmus of Panama came into being still remains largely contentious. In a new study published today in the journal Scientific Reports , scientists from Cardiff University have proposed that the Isthmus was born not solely from tectonic process, but could have also largely benefited from the growth of volcanoes.

Administration - 06.02.2019
New welfare tool to help improve the lives of elephants in human care
PA27/19 Zoos and safari parks in the UK are using a special new tool to help them more successfully monitor the wellbeing of elephants in their care, thanks to a study led by The University of Nottingham. The new elephant behavioural welfare assessment tool, the result of research which has been published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE , allows keepers to quickly and easily track the welfare of individual elephants over time based on their demeanour and behaviour.

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.02.2019
Species 'hotspots' created by immigrant influx or evolutionary speed depending on climate
Species ’hotspots’ created by immigrant influx or evolutionary speed depending on climate
New research reveals that biodiversity 'hotspots' in the tropics produced new species at faster rates over the last 25 million years, but those in temperate regions are instead full of migrant species that likely sought refuge from shifting and cooling climates. Many of these hotspot regions have species found nowhere else on Earth, yet face devastating levels of habitat loss Andrew Tanentzap Some corners of the world teem with an extraordinary variety of life.

Physics - Innovation / Technology - 06.02.2019
Quantum leap
Cambridge researchers are devising new methods to keep sensitive information out of the hands of hackers. They launched the UK's first 'unhackable' network - made safe by the "laws of physics" - in 2018. It's really important to get this right as it's our first chance to start doing very detailed studies and see how these systems really work in the field Ian White When buying an item online, we voluntarily hand over our credit card information.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.02.2019
Researchers awarded 1.3 million to fight prostate cancer
Researchers awarded 1.3 million to fight prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer UK has awarded researchers over £1.3 million for three projects that could lead to new treatments for the disease. The Research Innovation Awards is a prestigious scheme aimed at funding the most impactful research in prostate cancer. The number of prostate cancer cases is increasing in the UK - the condition kills over 11,000 men every year - and research is desperately needed to find new ways of tackling the disease.

Health - 05.02.2019
Ovarian cysts should be 'watched' rather than removed
Ovarian cysts should be ’watched’ rather than removed
Women may not need to undergo surgery for non-cancerous ovarian cysts, avoiding potential surgical complications. This is the finding of new research, by a team of international scientists from institutions including Imperial College London and KU Leuven, published in The Lancet Oncology. Our results may lead to a paradigm shift resulting in less surgery for non-cancerous ovarian cysts Professor Tom Bourne Study author The two-year study followed 1919 women from 10 different countries, including the UK, Belgium, Sweden and Italy, who were diagnosed with non-cancerous ovarian cysts.

Environment - Life Sciences - 05.02.2019
’Eavesdropping’ technology used to protect one of New Zealand’s rarest birds
Remote recording devices have been used for the first time to track the reintroduction of a rare species back into its native habitat. The New Zealand hihi bird is classed as locally extinct across much of its natural habitat, but conservation efforts have reintroduced populations of the bird back into these areas.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.02.2019
Giant impacts caused by interplanetary collisions
Giant impacts caused by interplanetary collisions
Astronomers have found fresh evidence for significant planetary diversity within a single exoplanet system, suggesting that giant high-speed collisions are partly responsible for planetary evolution. An international team of scientists led by Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF) and involving physicists from the University of Bristol spent three years observing the exoplanetary system Kepler-107 via the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo in La Palma.

Life Sciences - 04.02.2019
Centuries-old population movements revealed in fine-scale genetic map of the Iberian Peninsula
A new study into the genetic makeup of over 1,400 individuals from across Spain has shown that the genetic patterns in modern individuals were shaped by population movements over the past 1,000 years. It also showed that in some regions, there are discernible patterns of genetic differences even between individuals living as close as 10km apart.

Health - 01.02.2019
Cancer immunologist hosts live Q&A on Reddit
Dr Jessica Strid discussed her research on how the immune system controls skin cancer in a live 'Ask Me Anything' (AMA) session on Reddit. Dr Strid who is a senior lecturer in Imperial's Faculty of Medicine , held her session on the social news aggregation, rating, and discussion website on Tuesday 29 January.

Physics - Electroengineering - 01.02.2019
’Magnetic graphene’ switches between insulator and conductor
Researchers have found that certain ultra-thin magnetic materials can switch from insulator to conductor under high pressure, a phenomenon that could be used in the development of next-generation electronics and memory storage devices.

Life Sciences - 31.01.2019
MRI scans reveal how brain protects memories
Two distinct parts of the human brain - the neocortex and the hippocampus (a part of the brain involved in higher-order brain functions) - have been shown to help protect our memories from interfering with one another. Researchers from the Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging at the University of Oxford have shed light on the exact neural mechanisms that make precise memory recall possible.