News 2019

Life Sciences - Mar 21
Life Sciences
One of the ocean's little known carnivores has been allocated a new place in the evolutionary tree of life after scientists discovered its unmistakable resemblance with other sea-floor dwelling creatures. Comb jellies occupy a pivotal place in the history of animal evolution with some arguing that they were among the first animals to evolve.
Health - Mar 21

‌‌Smoking during pregnancy is understood to pose risks to both baby and mother. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow has found further evidence that maternal smoking poses a risk to baby and child health.

Psychology - Mar 21
Psychology

A new large-scale longitudinal study carried out by University of Sussex psychologists has found a clear link between episodes of depression and anxiety experienced by adults in their twenties, thirties and forties, with a decrease in memory function by the time they are in their fifties.

Psychology - Mar 21
Psychology

Contrary to previous studies, we have shown that the prevalence of autism spectrum conditions in China is in line with that found in the West - Dr Sophia Xiang Sun Sign up to receive our weekly res

Health - Mar 20

The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with a woman's age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is increased after some pregnancy complications, finds a study led by the Bristol Medical School and published in The BMJ today [Wednesday 20 March].


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Life Sciences - 21.03.2019
Half a billion-year-old fossil reveals the origins of comb jellies
Half a billion-year-old fossil reveals the origins of comb jellies
One of the ocean's little known carnivores has been allocated a new place in the evolutionary tree of life after scientists discovered its unmistakable resemblance with other sea-floor dwelling creatures. Comb jellies occupy a pivotal place in the history of animal evolution with some arguing that they were among the first animals to evolve.

Health - 21.03.2019
Further evidence of the dangers of smoking in pregnancy
‌‌Smoking during pregnancy is understood to pose risks to both baby and mother. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow has found further evidence that maternal smoking poses a risk to baby and child health. The study, published today in BMJ Open , reveals more detailed evidence about the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and childhood hospitalization, as well as birth conditions which can lead to lifelong ill health and devastating outcomes such as meningitis and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Psychology - 21.03.2019
Levels of autism in China similar to the West, joint Chinese-UK study shows
Levels of autism in China similar to the West, joint Chinese-UK study shows
Contrary to previous studies, we have shown that the prevalence of autism spectrum conditions in China is in line with that found in the West Dr Sophia Xiang Sun Sign up to receive our weekly research email Our selection of the week's biggest research news and features direct to your inbox from the University of Cambridge.

Psychology - 21.03.2019
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
Depression in your twenties linked to memory loss in your fifties, find Sussex psychologists
A new large-scale longitudinal study carried out by University of Sussex psychologists has found a clear link between episodes of depression and anxiety experienced by adults in their twenties, thirties and forties, with a decrease in memory function by the time they are in their fifties. The study, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, is the first of its kind to look at the relationship between depressive symptoms experienced across three decades of early-mid adulthood and a decline in cognitive function in midlife.

Health - 20.03.2019
Risk of miscarriage linked strongly to mother’s age and pregnancy history
The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with a woman's age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is increased after some pregnancy complications, finds a study led by the Bristol Medical School and published in The BMJ today [Wednesday 20 March]. The findings suggest that miscarriage and other pregnancy complications might share underlying causes, which warrant further study, say the researchers.

Administration - Health - 20.03.2019
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. However, the link between anxiety and later binge drinking and later frequency and quantity of drinking was more inconclusive.

Computer Science / Telecom - 20.03.2019
Humans switch between apps in ’remarkably similar’ ways, scientists find
Humans are unknowingly adhering to a universal pattern when they flick between apps on their smartphones, scientists have discovered. Experts from Cardiff University have shown that although we spend a varying amount of time glued to our screens, the way in which we specifically switch between our different apps is remarkably similar.

Life Sciences - 19.03.2019
Starving bacteria can eject their tails to save energy and stay alive
When nutrients are dangerously low, a group of bacteria have been found to take the drastic measure of getting rid of their tails. Some bacteria use tails, or flagella, to swim through liquids - including those in our bodies. However, new research published today in PLOS Biology reveals a surprisingly drastic measure taken by some bacteria when facing starvation: they eject their flagella, leaving themselves paralyzed, but conserving energy so they can stay alive.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 19.03.2019
What is on the ground in a city linked inequality in life satisfaction
Cities which have a balance between facilities, housing and natural green spaces have lower levels of socio-economic inequality in the life satisfaction of its residents, according to new research. ‌ In a European-wide study, led by the University of Glasgow MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit and published today in Social Science & Medicine, scientists found links between urban design and levels of inequality in life satisfaction.

Health - 19.03.2019
Finds that long-serving veterans live longer
Veterans with a long period of service in the Armed Forces have a reduced risk of early death, according to a study by the University of Glasgow. People who spend longer in employment are generally at lower risk of early death (the ‘healthy worker effect'), but few studies have looked at whether this holds good for military service.

Physics - 18.03.2019
Cutting-edge fingerprint technology could help in the fight against knife crime
A new fingerprint technique capable of producing high-resolution images from the most challenging of metal surfaces, including knives and firearms - is already attracting interest from detectives working on cold cases. Experts at the University of Nottingham in collaboration with the University of Derby , are using highly sensitive, non-destructive Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS) to develop high resolution fingerprint images from surfaces conventional fingerprint imaging fails to pick up at all.

Pharmacology - Health - 18.03.2019
Caterpillars could hold the secret to new treatment for Osteoarthritis
A substance from a fungus that infects caterpillars could offer new treatment hope for sufferers of osteoarthritis according to new research. Cordycepin is an active compound isolated from the caterpillar fungus Cordyceps militaris and has proved to be effective in treating osteoarthritis by blocking inflammation in a new way, through reducing a process called polyadenylation.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.03.2019
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Bristol provides first long-term look at predictors of suicide attempts
Academics at the University of Bristol have taken the first long-term look at potential factors that could lead to suicide attempts in high-risk young people. Published in The Lancet Psychiatry today (Thursday 14 March) researchers examined questionnaire data from 16 and 21 year olds who are part of Bristol's Children of the 90s study, concentrating on those who'd thought about suicide.

Business / Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.03.2019
Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery
More needs to be done to tackle modern slavery in supply chains in Brazil - one of the world's biggest suppliers of beef and an important source of timber. Whilst some businesses in Brazil are already putting measures in place to tackle modern slavery in their supply chains, there is a lack of consistency in approach, action is voluntary, and initiatives are frequently limited to specific communities or locations, according to new research.

Life Sciences - 14.03.2019
Research leads to new discoveries about the Mary Rose
A Cardiff University archaeologist has revealed new insights into the origins of the crew on board the Mary Rose, the flagship of Henry VIII's navy. The scientific findings of Dr Richard Madgwick, Lecturer in Archaeological Science, suggest that crew members on the Tudor warship, which sank in 1545, may have come from as far away as southern Europe and perhaps even Africa.

Pedagogy - 14.03.2019
Report examines origins and nature of 'maths anxiety'
Report examines origins and nature of ’maths anxiety’
A report out today examines the factors that influence 'maths anxiety' among primary and secondary school students, showing that teachers and parents may inadvertently play a role in a child's development of the condition, and that girls tend to be more affected than boys. While every child's maths anxiety may be different, with unique origins and triggers, we found several common issues among both the primary and secondary school students Denes Szucs The report was funded by the Nuffield Foundation, with additional support from the James S McDonnell Foundation.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
A new class of oral cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins due to side effects. The findings come from the largest study to date to test the effectiveness and safety of bempedoic acid, an oral medication - yet to be approved in Europe - which inhibits the body's ability to create the building blocks of cholesterol.

Microtechnics - 13.03.2019
Cities of the future could be built by robots mimicking nature
Cities of the future could be built by robots mimicking nature
Drones and robots could build and repair future cities, but only if they can work together ' by copying the tactics of nature. A new review, published today in Science Robotics and co-authored by Imperial researcher Dr Mirko Kovac , who directs the Aerial Robotics Laboratory in the Department of Aeronautics, looks at the state-of-the-art in robot construction and where we need to go next to make a robot-built environment a reality.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 13.03.2019
Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge
Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge
Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of the earliest large-scale celebrations in Britain - with people and animals travelling hundreds of miles for prehistoric feasting rituals. The study, led by Dr Richard Madgwick of Cardiff University, is the most comprehensive to date and examined the bones of 131 pigs, the prime feasting animals, from four Late Neolithic (c.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
Molecular patterns could better predict breast cancer recurrence
The genetic and molecular make-up of individual breast tumours holds clues to how a woman's disease could progress, including the likelihood of it coming back after treatment, and in what time frame, according to a study published in Nature.
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