news 2016


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Results 41 - 60 of 1052.


Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.12.2016
Yoga can have social benefits for children in care, says a new study
A new study from The University of Nottingham has found that a certain type of yoga could potentially help to improve the health and psychological wellbeing of children in care. The study, ‘ Kundalini Yoga as Mutual Recovery: A feasibility study including children in care and their carers ,' published at The Journal of Children's Services , found that the practice of Kundalini yoga in care homes, when both staff and children are involved, can lead to both individual and social benefits.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 12.12.2016
8,000-year record of climate change
8,000-year record of climate change
An international team of researchers has found that the Antarctic Ice Sheet plays a major role in regional and global climate variability - a discovery that may also help explain why sea ice in the Southern Hemisphere has been increasing despite the warming of the rest of the Earth. The Antarctic Ice Sheet has experienced much greater natural variability in the past than previously anticipated.

Art and Design - Health - 12.12.2016
Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists
Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists
Mozart may enhance a man's performance in board games - while AC/DC may hinder their chances, according to new research. The scientists behind the study, from Imperial College London and the Royal College of Music , say classical music may be the best option for men when concentrating on a task. Music was found to have no effect on women's performance, though they generally performed better than men at the game involved in the study.

Administration - Health - 12.12.2016
Home-based rehabilitation improves daily life of people with low vision
The visual function and daily life of people whose sight can't be corrected with glasses or contact lenses can be significantly improved through home visits by rehabilitation specialists, concludes a study by Cardiff University. Participants that received home care by visual rehabilitation officers were found to have a significantly greater improvement in visual function compared to those that were only offered standard appointments at hospitals and community based services.

Civil Engineering - 12.12.2016
New laser scanning test to assess fire-damaged concrete
Engineering research at The University of Nottingham, UK and Ningbo, China (UNNC) has found laser scanning is a new and viable structural safety technique to detect the damaging effects of fire on concrete. Concrete is the most extensively used construction material worldwide with an average global yearly consumption of 1m3 per person.

Life Sciences - Environment - 12.12.2016
Extent of human threat to lion populations
Two new studies led by scientists at Oxford University have highlighted the threat posed to lions by human activity - including trophy hunting. The first paper, published in the Journal of Applied Ecology , analysed the deaths of 206 lions in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe - home of Cecil the lion - between 1999 and 2012.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 09.12.2016
Understanding how ice crystals form in clouds
Understanding how ice crystals form in clouds
How ice forms on the surfaces of mineral dust particles in the atmosphere has been revealed by a team from UCL and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany. More than 90% of precipitation over land relies on the formation of ice crystals on airborne aerosol particles but why only a tiny fraction of all atmospheric particles can initiate ice growth is unknown.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.12.2016
New test to identify risk of diabetes in pregnancy
New test developed to identify obese women at high risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of researchers led by King's College London have successfully developed a method that more accurately identifies those obese women at high risk of gestational diabetes, than what is currently being used.

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.12.2016
Amber specimen offers rare glimpse of feathered dinosaur tail
Amber specimen offers rare glimpse of feathered dinosaur tail
Researchers from China, Canada, and the University of Bristol have discovered a dinosaur tail complete with its feathers trapped in a piece of amber. The finding reported today in Current Biology helps to fill in details of the dinosaurs' feather structure and evolution, which can't be surmised from fossil evidence.

Business / Economics - Career - 06.12.2016
The Work Foundation launches Commission on Good Work
The Work Foundation launches Commission on Good Work
The Work Foundation , part of Lancaster University, has launched a brand new “Commission on Good Work”. At an exclusive breakfast in the Churchill War Rooms, the new Director of the Work Foundation, Lesley Giles , welcomed senior leaders in business, trade unions, professional bodies, and the public and voluntary sectors.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 06.12.2016
Researcher and amateur science sleuth find cosmic dust in cities
Researcher and amateur science sleuth find cosmic dust in cities
Scientists have found cosmic dust for the first time in urban places, on rooftops in three of the world's major cities. “When Jon first came to me I was dubious. Many people had reported finding cosmic dust in urban areas before, but when they were analysed scientists found that these particles were all industrial in origin.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2016
Epigenetics may help explain link between prenatal smoking and adolescent substance use
New research from King's College London and the University of Bristol has found that smoking during pregnancy is associated with substance use in adolescence, and that this link may be partially explained by epigenetic changes evident at birth. Substance abuse is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 06.12.2016
Longest-living animal gives up ocean secrets
Analysis of the quahog clam reveals how the oceans affected the climate over the past 1000 years A study of the longest-living animal on Earth, the quahog clam, has provided researchers with an unprecedented insight into the history of the oceans. By studying the chemistry of growth rings in the shells of the quahog clam, experts from the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences have pieced together the history of the North Atlantic Ocean over the past 1000 years and discovered how its role in driving the atmospheric climate has drastically changed.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.12.2016
Protein that promotes 'cell-suicide' could revolutionise eye cancer treatment
Protein that promotes ’cell-suicide’ could revolutionise eye cancer treatment
New research from the University of Liverpool has identified the role of a specific protein in the human body that can help prevent the survival and spread of eye cancer, by initiating cancer ‘cell-suicide'. The new findings may help revolutionise the approach to metastatic uveal melanoma (UM) – a cancer that arises from the pigment cells (melanocytes) in the eye, and for which there is currently no effective treatment.

Health - 06.12.2016
Side effects of leukaemia drug can be safely reduced by halving dose
Patients with a chronic type of leukaemia could safely reduce the side effects of life-long treatment by cutting their dose in half, according to the results of a University of Liverpool led study presented at an international conference in America this week. Drugs known as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have drastically improved the prognosis for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), essentially turning what was a deadly cancer into a chronic disease that can be managed with a daily pill.

Health - 05.12.2016
Family Drug and Alcohol Court has a lasting positive effect on troubled families
Family Drug and Alcohol Court has a lasting positive effect on troubled families
Family reunification is more likely to be sustainable after proceedings in the Family Drug and Alcohol Court (FDAC), and mothers are more likely to deal with their substance misuse than parents who go through ordinary family courts, according to two reports published today. The reports found that fewer children are likely to go into care as a result of FDAC's ‘humane' approach.

Health - Administration - 05.12.2016
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Women with dementia have fewer visits to the GP, receive less health monitoring and take more potentially harmful medication than men with dementia, new UCL research reveals. The study, published in Age and Ageing, also found that only half of all dementia patients had a documented annual review even though GP surgeries are offered financial incentives to carry these out.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.12.2016
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
An analysis of current research shows that people who eat at least 20g of nuts a day have a lower risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases. The analysis of all current studies on nut consumption and disease risk has revealed that 20g a day - equivalent to a handful - can cut people's risk of coronary heart disease by nearly 30 percent, their risk of cancer by 15 percent, and their risk of premature death by 22 percent.

Astronomy / Space Science - 01.12.2016
Cosmic recycling strengthens stellar Spiderweb theory
Eight years ago Dr Nina Hatch , an astronomer at The University of Nottingham , identified a thin haze around a distant galaxy known as the Spiderweb galaxy. She suggested this haze was made up of rapidly forming young stars. But the problem with this research, published in the academic journal Royal Astronomical Society , was that no one knew where this young stellar population could be coming from.

Life Sciences - 01.12.2016
How single-celled organisms navigate to oxygen
How single-celled organisms navigate to oxygen
A team of researchers has discovered that tiny clusters of single-celled organisms that inhabit the world's oceans and lakes, are capable of navigating their way to oxygen.  Writing in e-Life scientists at the University of Cambridge describe how choanaflagellates, the closest relatives of animals, form small colonies that can sense a large range of concentrations of oxygen in the water.