news 2016


Category
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology - 29.12.2016
Languages still a major barrier to global science, new research finds
Languages still a major barrier to global science, new research finds
Over a third of new conservation science documents published annually are in non-English languages, despite assumption of English as scientific ‘lingua franca'. Researchers find examples of important science missed at international level, and practitioners struggling to access new knowledge, as a result of language barriers.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 29.12.2016
Can paint strokes help identify Alzheimer’s?
Can paint strokes help identify Alzheimer's?
A new University of Liverpool study published in ‘Neuropsychology!' shows that it may be possible to detect neurodegenerative disorders in artists before they are diagnosed. Psychologist Dr Alex Forsythe from the University's School of Psychology and her team, working with Dr Tamsin Williams of Tees, Esk, and Wear Valleys NHS Trust, Vale of York and Maynooth University, Ireland, examined 2092 paintings from the careers of seven famous artists who experienced both normal ageing and neurodegenerative disorders.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 23.12.2016
First movie of energy transfer in photosynthesis solves decades-old debate
First movie of energy transfer in photosynthesis solves decades-old debate
Using ultrafast imaging of moving energy in photosynthesis, scientists have determined the speed of crucial processes for the first time. This should help scientists understand how nature has perfected the process of photosynthesis, and how this might be copied to produce fuels by artificial photosynthesis.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.12.2016
Study named as People’s Choice for Science magazine’s ‘Breakthrough of the Year 2016’
Cambridge research that will enable scientists to grow and study embryos in the lab for almost two weeks has been named as the People's Choice for Science magazine's ‘Breakthrough of the Year 2016' It's a natural human instinct to be curious about where we come from, but until now, technical hurdles have meant there's been a huge gap in our understanding of how embryos develop - Magdalena Ze

Astronomy - 22.12.2016
New record set for world’s most heat resistant material
New record set for world's most heat resistant material
Researchers have discovered that tantalum carbide and hafnium carbide materials can withstand scorching temperatures of nearly 4000 degrees Celsius. These materials may enable spacecraft to withstand the extreme heat generated from leaving and re-entering the atmosphere.

Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Solved: mystery that was holding back development of next-generation solar cells
Solved: mystery that was holding back development of next-generation solar cells
Scientists have identified an unexpected cause of poor performance in a new class of flexible and cheap solar cells, bringing them closer to market. Solar cells are the building blocks of photovoltaic solar panels.

Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 22.12.2016
Bigger brains outsmart harsh climates
Bigger brains outsmart harsh climates
It helps to have a larger brain if you're living in an extreme climate, according to a study of birds published in Nature Communications . The research suggests that birds have evolved larger brains to cope in harsh environments where the tasks of finding food, evading predators and finding shelter are more demanding.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions. A new genetic disease which results in neurodegeneration has been discovered by experts at the University of Sussex. In a study published today, Wednesday 21 December, in the top scientific journal Nature, the team from the University of Sussex's Genome Damage and Stability Centre (GDSC) reveal they have discovered the disease, ataxia oculomotor apraxia type XRCC1 , which is caused by a genetic mutation that disrupts the repair of our DNA.

Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
NHS hospitals that outsource cleaning ‘linked with higher rates of MRSA’
New research shows that NHS hospitals that employ private cleaners are associated with a higher incidence of MRSA, a ‘superbug' that causes life-threatening infection and has previously been linked with a lack of cleanliness.

Agronomy/Food Science - 21.12.2016
Turn an ear to hear
Listeners in a noisy situation benefit from facing slightly away from the person they are listening to, turning one ear towards the speech, concludes a study by Cardiff University, funded by UK charity Action on Hearing Loss (RNID).

Environment/Sustainable Development - 21.12.2016
’Belief in climate change found to be influenced by the local weather’
New research finds local temperatures may play an important role in whether people believe in climate change. The study, published in the  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , found that of the Americans surveyed, belief that the earth is warming related to the frequency of record-high and record-low temperatures they had experienced themselves.

Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 21.12.2016
‘Glue’ that makes plant cell walls strong could hold the key to wooden skyscrapers
‘Glue' that makes plant cell walls strong could hold the key to wooden sky
Molecules 10,000 times narrower than the width of a human hair could hold the key to making possible wooden skyscrapers and more energy-efficient paper production, according to research published today .

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.12.2016
Gene discovery helps children with movement disorder walk again
Gene discovery helps children with movement disorder walk again
UCL researchers have discovered a new genetic cause for dystonia, a movement disorder, enabling treatment with Deep Brain Stimulation which has been so successful that children have been able to walk again.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.12.2016
Alzheimer’s Advance: study in mice show new drugs that restore memory loss and prolong life
An international team of scientists has announced a new advance in the fight against Alzheimer's disease by identifying a new drug target for not only improving symptoms of brain degeneration - but also to extend the life-span of the terminally ill mice.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 19.12.2016
Physicists shine light on antimatter
Scientists from the University of Liverpool as part of CERN's ALPHA collaboration have made the first spectroscopic measurement of an atom of antimatter - a longstanding goal in antimatter physics. Published , this finding represents a significant step towards the development of highly precise tests of whether matter behaves differently from antimatter.

Earth Sciences - 19.12.2016
Megathrust earthquakes
The raggedness of the ocean floors could be the key to triggering some of the Earth's most powerful earthquakes, scientists from Cardiff University have discovered. In a new study published today the team, also from Utrecht University, suggest that large bumps and mounds on the sea floor could be the trigger point that causes the crust in the Earth's oceans to drastically slip beneath the crust on the continent and generate a giant earthquake.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.12.2016
Patients show considerable improvements after treatment for newly-defined movement disorder
Patients show considerable improvements after treatment for newly-defined moveme
DNA sequencing has defined a new genetic disorder that affects movement, enabling patients with dystonia - a disabling condition that affects voluntary movement - to be targeted for treatment that brings remarkable improvements, including restoring independent walking.

Chemistry - 19.12.2016
Earliest evidence discovered of plants cooked in ancient pottery
Earliest evidence discovered of plants cooked in ancient pottery
A team of international scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has uncovered the earliest direct evidence of humans processing plants for food found anywhere in the world. Researchers at the Organic Geochemistry Unit in the University of Bristol's School of Chemistry , working with colleagues at Sapienza, University of Rome and the Universities of Modena and Milan, studied unglazed pottery dating from more than 10,000 years ago, from two sites in the Libyan Sahara.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.12.2016
Neglect and abuse in childhood could have long-term economic consequences
Neglect and abuse in childhood could have long-term economic consequences
People who suffer neglect and abuse in childhood are much more likely to have time off work due to long-term sickness and less likely to own their own homes when they reach middle age than their peers, according to new research undertaken at UCL.

Religions - 19.12.2016
Eighteenth Century monks’ favourite tipple
Eighteenth Century monks' favourite tipple
Two Eighteenth Century drinks recipes, discovered by researchers from Durham University's Department of Theology and Religion , have revealed that a brandy-based cocktail was a favourite drink amongst a community of English Catholic monks exiled in France.

Earth Sciences - 19.12.2016
‘Tiny earthquakes’ help scientists predict mountain rock falls
‘Tiny earthquakes' help scientists predict mountain rock falls
‘Tiny earthquakes' help scientists predict mountain rock falls. The risk of mountain rock falls in regions with sub-zero temperatures, such as the Swiss Alps and parts of Canada, could be better predicted by using technology which measures ‘tiny earthquakes' - according to a group of international experts.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 19.12.2016
El Niņo fuelled Zika outbreak, new study suggests
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shown that a change in weather patterns, brought on by the 'Godzilla' El Niņo of 2015, fuelled the Zika outbreak in South America. The findings were revealed using a new epidemiological model that looked at how climate affects the spread of Zika virus by both of its major vectors, the yellow fever mosquito ( Aedes aegypti ) and the Asian tiger mosquito ( Aedes albopictus ).

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.12.2016
Further evidence found for causal links between cannabis and schizophrenia
Further evidence found for causal links between cannabis and schizophrenia
People who have a greater risk of developing schizophrenia are more likely to try cannabis, according to new research, which also found a causal link between trying the drug and an increased risk of the condition.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 16.12.2016
Lowering cholesterol to ’levels of a new-born’ cuts heart attack risk
Lowering cholesterol to 'levels of a new-born' cuts heart attack risk
Reducing our cholesterol levels to those of a new-born baby significantly lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to new research. Although previous studies have suggested lowering cholesterol levels may be associated with a lower risk of heart attack, recent evidence has questioned whether very low levels are beneficial.

Social Sciences - 16.12.2016
My Marriage My Choice
A new study from The University of Nottingham will examine the issue of forced marriage among adults with learning disabilities. ‘ My Marriage My Choice ' is a two-year study which aims to improve understanding of the issue, as well as helping to develop policy and practice to support professionals in their work of safeguarding vulnerable children and adults.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
Wheat crop yield can be increased by up to 20% using new chemical technology
UK scientists have created a synthetic molecule that, when applied to crops, has been shown to increase the size and starch content of wheat grains in the lab by up to 20%. The new plant application, developed by Rothamsted Research and Oxford University, could help solve the issue of increasing food insecurity across the globe.

Psychology - 15.12.2016
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there’s nothing quite like a paper book when it comes to a bedtime story
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there's nothing quite like a paper book when
Curling up with a good e-book? Why there's nothing quite like a paper book when it comes to a bedtime story. Since the birth of digital reading technology, arguments have raged over whether reading from a screen has any significant effects on the experience of reading and shared storytelling among both adults and children.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Does omega-3 algal oil improve osteoarthritis in dogs?
Does omega-3 algal oil improve osteoarthritis in dogs?
Owners of dogs showing signs of osteoarthritis are being asked by the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences to take part in the first study of its kind to find out whether an omega-3 oil derived from algae can help dogs with osteoarthritis (OA).

Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Larger brain size linked to longer life in deer
Larger brain size linked to longer life in deer
The size of a female animals' brain may determine whether they live longer and have more healthy offspring, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge.  We found that some of the cross-species predictions about brain size held for female red deer, and that none of the predictions were supported in male red deer.

Politics - Law/Forensics - 14.12.2016
Thomas Muir - new evidence unearthed
New Court of Session papers, missing for more than 200 years, have been unearthed by the Faculty of Advocates and Professor Gerard Carruthers, University of Glasgow. The newly found papers shine light on Thomas Muir and how he courted controversy in his early years, which may have contributed to his treatment by the justice system in later life.

Careers/Employment - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.12.2016
Registration of human tissue banks could stop millions of samples going to waste
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 13.12.2016
Topical cream is potential alternative to surgery for common type of skin cancer, study finds
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.12.2016
New epilepsy gene network identified by scientists
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 12.12.2016
8,000-year record of climate change
Arts and Design - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.12.2016
Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.12.2016
Home-based rehabilitation improves daily life of people with low vision
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - 12.12.2016
New laser scanning test to assess fire-damaged concrete
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 12.12.2016
Extent of human threat to lion populations
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences - 9.12.2016
Understanding how ice crystals form in clouds
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 9.12.2016
New test to identify risk of diabetes in pregnancy
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 8.12.2016
Amber specimen offers rare glimpse of feathered dinosaur tail
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment - 6.12.2016
The Work Foundation launches Commission on Good Work
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 6.12.2016
Longest-living animal gives up ocean secrets
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 5.12.2016
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 5.12.2016
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 28.11.2016
Alcohol consumption may be regulated by liver-brain pathway
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom - 25.11.2016
Understanding the dynamics of an avalanche
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 25.11.2016
New target receptor discovered in the fight against obesity
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 24.11.2016
Artwork inspired by gravitational wave discovery
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 23.11.2016
Hurricane risk to Northeast USA coast increasing
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.11.2016
Salmonella disrupt the 'SAS’ of the immune system
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.11.2016
MRI successful new test for liver damage, say Nottingham experts
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.11.2016
Reconditioning the brain to overcome fear
History/Archeology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 21.11.2016
Rice farming in India much older than thought, used as ’summer crop’ by Indus civilisation
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 18.11.2016
Scientist contributes to dinosaur extinction impact site study
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 17.11.2016
Cannabis blunts the brain’s reward system
Chemistry - Medicine/Pharmacology - 17.11.2016
Researchers create synthetic skin
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government - 16.11.2016
Researchers present quantum technologies at major showcase
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 15.11.2016
High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.11.2016
Simple changes to antibiotic treatment of MRSA may help beat the bacteria
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 15.11.2016
Cliff erosion rates in Sussex have accelerated ten-fold in the past 200 years
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.11.2016
LED lights attract fewer insects than other lights
Psychology - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.11.2016
Confidence influences eyewitness memory of crimes
Agronomy/Food Science - Veterinary Science - 14.11.2016
Farm vets can help farmers minimise damage to meat
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 14.11.2016
Competitive males are a blessing and a curse, study reveals
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 11.11.2016
Link between DNA and chronic widespread joint pain
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 11.11.2016
Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.11.2016
Victims of childhood bullying more likely to be overweight as young adults
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 10.11.2016
Plant-species hotspot maps identify priority conservation areas of tropical Africa
Administration/Government - Psychology - 10.11.2016
Criteria for funding and promotion leads to bad science
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.11.2016
Common virus triggers blood cancer
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 10.11.2016
HIV test performed on USB stick
Life Sciences - History/Archeology - 8.11.2016
Clues in poached elephant ivory reveal ages and locations of origin
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.11.2016
Quasimodo illuminates the secret to the ticking of our internal clocks
Environment/Sustainable Development - 8.11.2016
New evidence that coral reefs can survive in the face of adversity
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.11.2016
Blood vessels control brain growth
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 7.11.2016
Reducing carb intake can improve pain and bloating in people with IBS
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 2.11.2016
Sleep deprivation may cause people to eat more calories
Environment/Sustainable Development - Agronomy/Food Science - 1.11.2016
New study provides food carbon footprint pecking order
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 31.10.2016
The effectiveness of 3D camouflage
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 31.10.2016
Psychotropic medications may cut risk of violent reoffending
Environment/Sustainable Development - 31.10.2016
New study delves into origins of Scots place-names
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 28.10.2016
Non-human primates (marmosets and rhesus macaques)
Social Sciences - 28.10.2016
Other birds
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 28.10.2016
Mice
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 27.10.2016
Fossilised dinosaur brain tissue identified for the first time
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 27.10.2016
Potential new treatment for haemophilia developed by Cambridge researchers
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 27.10.2016
‘World-first’ 3D mammary gland model
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 27.10.2016
Top ten universities conduct a third of all UK animal research
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 27.10.2016
Cause of phantom limb pain in amputees, and potential treatment, identified
Medicine/Pharmacology - History/Archeology - 26.10.2016
Accidental making of ‘Patient Zero’ myth during 1980s AIDS crisis
Environment/Sustainable Development - Physics/Materials Science - 25.10.2016
Hybrid cyber defences could be answer to protect critical infrastructure
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 24.10.2016
Flawed analysis casts doubt on years of evolution research
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 24.10.2016
Man-made noise can affect how animals use information from scents
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 24.10.2016
Maternal blood test may predict birth complications
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 24.10.2016
MRSA uses decoys to evade a last-resort antibiotic
Law/Forensics - Computer Science/Telecom - 24.10.2016
AI predicts outcomes of human rights trials
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 24.10.2016
Cognitive Development in sub-Saharan Africa problematic, study shows
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics - 21.10.2016
Pharmaceutical companies profit from rare diseases, report finds
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.10.2016
Cars under new EU rules produce 4.5x more pollution on average than allowed
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 20.10.2016
Safe new storage method could be key to future of hydrogen-powered vehicles
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 19.10.2016
Opinion: New findings: anxiety is linked to death from cancer in men
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 18.10.2016
Bacteria 'alarm clock’ may cause repeat infections in patients
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 17.10.2016
Researchers road-test powerful method for studying singlet fission
Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.10.2016
Sedative may prevent delirium after an operation
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.10.2016
GPs need better training to help children affected by domestic violence
Life Sciences - Pedagogy/Education Science - 14.10.2016
Toddlers’ food fussiness is heavily influenced by genes
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 13.10.2016
Link between obese mothers and children's high blood pressure
Life Sciences - 13.10.2016
We sense ’stiffness’
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 13.10.2016
Lost in high-dimensional space: Study improves the cure for the Curse Of Dimensionality?
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 12.10.2016
Distant galaxies glow bright in oxygen

 
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