news 2012


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Results 61 - 80 of 877.


Health - Life Sciences - 02.12.2012
Genes link growth in the womb with adult metabolism and disease
Genes link growth in the womb with adult metabolism and disease
Researchers have identified four new genetic regions that influence birth weight, providing further evidence that genes as well as maternal nutrition are important for growth in the womb. Three of the regions are also linked to adult metabolism, helping to explain why smaller babies have higher rates of chronic diseases later in life.

Linguistics / Literature - 30.11.2012
Men and women explore the visual world differently
Men and women explore the visual world differently
Everyone knows that men and women tend to hold different views on certain things. However, new research by scientists from the University of Bristol and published in PLoS ONE indicates that this may literally be the case. Researchers examined where men and women looked while viewing still images from films and pieces of art.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.11.2012
5.2M to improve understanding of aging immune system
The grant is part of BBSRC's Strategic Longer and Larger Awards scheme, which gives world-leading teams the time and resources to address areas of key strategic importance. The research focuses on a signalling system called 'NF-kappaB' which plays a key role in regulating how our immune system responds to diseases.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.11.2012
First direct evidence of tuberculosis transmission between cattle and badgers
Scientists at the University of Glasgow and the Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute in Northern Ireland have established the first direct evidence that tuberculosis epidemics in badgers and cattle are related at a local scale. Using next-generation genome sequencing technology (NGS), the team from the Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine were able to trace mutations in the bovine TB bacteria - Mycobacterium bovis - as it passed from animal to animal.

Health - 30.11.2012
New patient-friendly way to make stem cells for fight against heart disease
New patient-friendly way to make stem cells for fight against heart disease
We are excited to have developed a practical and efficient method to create stem cells from a cell type found in blood." —Dr Amer Rana, of the University of Cambridge's Department of Medicine Scientists have discovered a patient-friendly and efficient way to make stem cells out of blood, increasing the hope that scientists could one day use stem cells made from patients' own cells to treat cardiovascular disease. Their research was published today in the journal Stem Cells: Translational Medicine.

Astronomy / Space Science - 29.11.2012
Clearest evidence yet of polar ice losses
An international team of satellite experts has produced the most accurate assessment of ice losses from Antarctica and Greenland to date, ending 20 years of uncertainty. In a landmark study the researchers show that melting of the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets has contributed 11.1 millimetres to global sea levels since 1992.

Astronomy / Space Science - Administration - 29.11.2012
Clearest evidence yet of polar ice losses
An international team involving Durham University experts has produced the most accurate assessment of ice losses from Antarctica and Greenland to date, ending 20 years of uncertainty. In a landmark study the researchers show that melting of the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets has contributed 11.1 millimetres to global sea levels since 1992.

Life Sciences - 29.11.2012
Scientists decipher genetic code of wheat
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have deciphered the genetic code of wheat to help crop breeders increase yield and produce varieties that are better suited to a changing environment. Wheat is one of the world's most important food crops, accounting for 20% of the world's calorific intake. Global wheat production, however, is under threat from climate change and an increase in demand from a growing human population.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 29.11.2012
Scientists perform Nature hat trick
Scientists perform Nature hat trick
Three papers by researchers from the University of Bristol's Faculty of Science are published in this week's edition of Nature, one of the world's most prestigious scientific journals.

Health - Psychology - 28.11.2012
Scientists identify depression and anxiety biomarker in youths
Scientists identify depression and anxiety biomarker in youths
" Scientists have discovered a cognitive biomarker - a biological indicator of a disease - for young adolescents who are at high risk of developing depression and anxiety. Their The test for the unique cognitive biomarker, which can be done on a computer, could be used as an inexpensive tool to screen adolescents for common emotional mental illnesses. As the cognitive biomarker may appear prior to the symptoms of depression and anxiety, early intervention (which has proven to be one of the most effective ways of combatting mental illness) could then be initiated.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2012
Scientists develop new approach to support future climate projections
Scientists develop new approach to support future climate projections
A new approach for evaluating past climate sensitivity data has been developed by scientists to help improve comparison with estimates of long-term climate projections developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The sensitivity of global temperature to changes in the Earth's radiation balance (climate sensitivity) is a key parameter for understanding past natural climate changes as well as potential future climate change.

Life Sciences - Computer Science / Telecom - 28.11.2012
Major breakthrough in deciphering bread wheat's genetic code
Major breakthrough in deciphering bread wheat’s genetic code
UK, German and US scientists decipher complex genetic code to create new tools for breeders and researchers across the world. Scientists, including Keith Edwards and Gary Barker from the University of Bristol, have unlocked key components of the genetic code of one of the world's most important crops.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.11.2012
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
Research indicates risks of consuming high fructose corn syrup
A new study indicates that large amounts of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a sweetener found in national food supplies across the world, may be a contributory factor to the rising global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. The study by researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Southern California reports that countries that use HFCS in their food supply had a 20 per cent higher prevalence of diabetes than countries that did not use HFCS.

Life Sciences - 28.11.2012
Where does it hurt? Pain map discovered in the human brain
Where does it hurt? Pain map discovered in the human brain
Scientists have revealed the minutely detailed pain map of the hand that is contained within our brains, shedding light on how the brain makes us feel discomfort and potentially increasing our understanding of the processes involved in chronic pain. The map, uncovered by scientists at UCL, is the first to reveal how finely-tuned the brain is to pain.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 28.11.2012
Graphite experiment shines new light on giant planets, white dwarfs & laser-driven fusion
An international team led by researchers from the University of Warwick and Oxford University is now dealing with unexpected results of an experiment with strongly heated graphite (up to 17,000 degrees Kelvin). The findings may pose a new problem for physicists working in laser-driven nuclear fusion and may also lead astrophysicists to revise our understanding of the life cycle of giant planets and stars.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 28.11.2012
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
Risk of childhood obesity can be predicted at birth
A simple formula can predict at birth a baby's likelihood of becoming obese in childhood, according to a study published today in the open access journal PLOS ONE . The formula, which is available as an online calculator , estimates the child's obesity risk based on its birth weight, the body mass index of the parents, the number of people in the household, the mother's professional status and whether she smoked during pregnancy.

Chemistry - 27.11.2012
Route to a 'long-life' mobile fuel cell
Route to a 'long-life' mobile fuel cell
A new catalyst developed by a team led by Oxford University scientists could be the key to creating small, long-lasting fuel cells for powering mobile devices. The catalyst can directly convert methanol into hydrogen at the relatively low temperature of 150 degrees Celsius and, crucially, generates no detectable amount of carbon monoxide (CO) - a poison that damages fuel cells and gives them a short lifespan.

Health - 27.11.2012
New research hope for teenagers with arthritis
New research hope for teenagers with arthritis
The charity Arthritis Research UK today launches the world's first research centre dedicated to understanding how and why arthritis affects teenagers. Researchers at the 2.5 million Centre, which is a collaboration between UCL, University College Hospital and Great Ormond Street Hospital, aim to understand why rheumatic diseases such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) can be more severe in teenagers and why specific types of arthritis are more likely to occur in this age group.

Media - 26.11.2012
Scientists analyse millions of news articles
Scientists analyse millions of news articles
A study led by academics at the University of Bristol's Intelligent Systems Laboratory and the School of Journalism at Cardiff University has used Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms to analyse 2.5 million articles from 498 different English-language online news outlets over ten months. The researchers found that: As expected, readability measures show that online tabloid newspapers are more readable than broadsheets and use more sentimental language.

Health - 26.11.2012
New test to help heavy drinkers reduce alcohol intake
New test to help heavy drinkers reduce alcohol intake
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have developed a computer-based test that could help heavy drinkers reduce their alcohol consumption. Regular heavy drinking can lead to serious health conditions such as liver and heart disease, costing the NHS millions of pounds every year. Methods of restraint Research at Liverpool has shown that the habit of consuming alcohol can be interrupted when people practice methods of restraint whenever they see images of alcoholic drinks.