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Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
New cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins
A new class of oral cholesterol-lowering drug could help patients unable to take statins due to side effects. The findings come from the largest study to date to test the effectiveness and safety of bempedoic acid, an oral medication - yet to be approved in Europe - which inhibits the body's ability to create the building blocks of cholesterol.

Microtechnics - 13.03.2019
Cities of the future could be built by robots mimicking nature
Cities of the future could be built by robots mimicking nature
Drones and robots could build and repair future cities, but only if they can work together ' by copying the tactics of nature. A new review, published today in Science Robotics and co-authored by Imperial researcher Dr Mirko Kovac , who directs the Aerial Robotics Laboratory in the Department of Aeronautics, looks at the state-of-the-art in robot construction and where we need to go next to make a robot-built environment a reality.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 13.03.2019
Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge
Prehistoric Britons rack up food miles for feasts near Stonehenge
Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of the earliest large-scale celebrations in Britain - with people and animals travelling hundreds of miles for prehistoric feasting rituals. The study, led by Dr Richard Madgwick of Cardiff University, is the most comprehensive to date and examined the bones of 131 pigs, the prime feasting animals, from four Late Neolithic (c.

Pharmacology - Health - 13.03.2019
Molecular patterns could better predict breast cancer recurrence
The genetic and molecular make-up of individual breast tumours holds clues to how a woman's disease could progress, including the likelihood of it coming back after treatment, and in what time frame, according to a study published in Nature.

Environment - 13.03.2019
Only 149 trees of a wild apple species found alive
Niedzwetzky's apple, a relative of the ancestor of supermarket varieties, faces extinction as less than 150 trees have been found in its native land. Niedzwetzky's apple ( Malus niedzwetzkyana ) shares its home in Central Asia with the iconic snow leopard, but a new study shows the tree is far more endangered than the big cat, and faces extinction if immediate action is not taken.

Life Sciences - 13.03.2019
Courting bugs attract mates using an elastic 'snapping organ' for vibrational communication
Courting bugs attract mates using an elastic ’snapping organ’ for vibrational communication
Planthopper bugs may be small, but they attract mates from afar by sending vibrational calls along plant stems and leaves using fast, rhythmic motions of their abdomen. Researchers at the University of Oxford describe how a newly-discovered "snapping organ" enables courting bugs of both sexes to produce this shaking motion through a combination of muscle action and elastic recoil.

Health - 13.03.2019
Parkinson's treatment delivers a power-up to brain cell 'batteries'
Parkinson’s treatment delivers a power-up to brain cell ’batteries’
Scientists have gained clues into how a Parkinson's disease treatment, called deep brain stimulation, helps tackle symptoms. The early-stage study, by researchers at Imperial College London , suggests the treatment boosts the number and strength of brain cell ‘batteries' called mitochondria. These batteries in turn provide power to brain cells, which may help reduce problems with movement and tremors.

Health - 12.03.2019
Urgent need for guidelines to communicate with children about life threatening conditions
The global prevalence of life threatening conditions in children and parents makes it an urgent priority to develop child-focused communication guidelines for healthcare professionals to support families in their time of need.

Pedagogy - Innovation / Technology - 12.03.2019
Mobile devices don’t reduce shared family time
The first study of the impact of digital mobile devices on different aspects of family time in the UK has found that children are spending more time at home with their parents rather than less - but not in shared activities such as watching TV and eating. The increase is in what is called 'alone-together' time, when children are at home with their parents but say they are alone.

Health - 12.03.2019
Is my child seriously ill?
Parents generally tend to consider their child more unwell than GPs and use different factors to judge symptom severity, according to researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care in a study published in the British Journal of General Practice today [Tuesday 12 March]. Respiratory infections are the commonest reason parents take children to see their GP.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.03.2019
New evidence proves the work of UN agencies is effective
Academics led by Professor Lucie Cluver at Oxford University have shown how key services in lower and middle-income countries can contribute to multiple sustainable development goals (SDGs), even for the highest-risk children and adolescents. The study, led by Oxford University in collaboration with the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand, University College London and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is the first to test the UN's concept of 'accelerators': provisions that can improve the lives of vulnerable populations in not only one SDG area, but many.

Health - 11.03.2019
Vaccine developed to treat osteoarthritic pain
Researchers have developed a vaccine that blocks the effects of the main cause of pain in osteoarthritis (OA) - nerve growth factor (NGF) - in mice. In a collaborative effort between the Jenner Institute and the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology at the University of Oxford, with colleagues in the University of Bern, and the Latvian Biomedical Research & Study Centre, scientists have developed and tested a vaccine that could be used to treat chronic pain caused by osteoarthritis, by blocking the cause of the pain - NGF.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2019
New insight into gestational diabetes
Researchers at Cardiff University have found that women taking metformin and/or insulin during gestational diabetes could reduce the risk of long-term complications for their child. The team discovered that the placentas of women treated with the drugs didn't exhibit DNA alterations associated with type 2 diabetes, while those of women not treated with the drugs did.

Astronomy / Space Science - 08.03.2019
Translating space know-how to ’sniff’ out salad quality
Researchers at Cardiff University are developing new technology which will be able to ‘smell' when fruit or vegetables are going off - potentially saving tonnes of waste. According to the UK waste advisory body WRAP, 1,200,000 tonnes of fresh fruit and vegetables are needlessly wasted each year.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.03.2019
Domestic violence against women: giving friends and relatives the keys to help
Today [Friday 8 March] International Women's Day [IWD 2019] is celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women but worldwide, domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is still experienced by almost one in three women. It has become a major public health issue, with profound physical and mental health impact.

Physics - Environment - 07.03.2019
First images of fuel debris fallout particles from Fukushima Daiichi
First images of fuel debris fallout particles from Fukushima Daiichi
A joint UK-Japan team has used innovative visualisation techniques to analyse forensic materials in order to understand the sequence of events of the Fukushima nuclear accident. In April 2017, the joint team comprising the University of Bristol, Diamond Light Source (Diamond) and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) undertook the first experiment of its kind to be performed at Diamond.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 07.03.2019
Advanced chemistry made possible with new suite of start-of-the-art instruments
A new suite of advanced analytical instruments allowing precise chemical measurement has opened in Imperial's Molecular Sciences Research Hub. The Agilent Measurement Suite (AMS) is a collaboration between Agilent Technologies Inc and Imperial College London. Its analytical instruments will help researchers tackle problems in areas ranging from health and environment to energy and fundamental biology.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.03.2019
Potential new treatment for heart attack
Scientists have found a potential new drug for treating the heart damage caused by a heart attack - by targeting the way the heart reacts to stress. This is the finding of new research, by scientists at Imperial College London and published in the journal Cell Stem Cell. There are no existing therapies that directly address the problem of muscle cell death Professor Michael Schneider Study author The research team, part-funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) used stem cells to grow heart tissue and mimic a ‘heart attack in a dish'.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.03.2019
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
Deep brain stimulation may significantly improve OCD symptoms
The debilitating behaviours and all-consuming thoughts, which affect people with severe obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), could be significantly improved with targeted deep brain stimulation, according to new research published today. OCD is characterised by unwanted intrusive thoughts and repetitive rituals and causes pronounced impairment in everyday life.

Computer Science / Telecom - Innovation / Technology - 07.03.2019
Breakthrough research using quantum cryptography addresses security in 5G networks
New research has demonstrated a ground-breaking solution for securing future critical communications infrastructures, including emerging 5G networks. The research addresses widely reported concerns on security vulnerability of 5G networks which are predicted to transform the telecommunications industry in the next ten years.