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Results 81 - 100 of 643.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.11.2018
A toxic bullet involved in bacterial competition found by researchers
A toxic bullet involved in bacterial competition found by researchers
A bacterial toxin that allows an infectious strain of bacteria to defeat its competitors has been discovered by Imperial College London scientists. The finding provides a better understanding of the mechanisms behind bacterial warfare, which is the first step for the design of improved treatments for microbial diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.11.2018
MDMA makes people cooperative, but not gullible
New research from King's College London has found that MDMA, the main ingredient in ecstasy, causes people to cooperate better - but only with trustworthy people. In the first study to look in detail at how MDMA impacts cooperative behaviour the researchers also identified changes to activity in brain regions linked to social processing.

Careers / Employment - 19.11.2018
Will algorithms predict your future?
A report from Cardiff University reveals the extent to which public service provision is now being influenced by data analytics. The study, Data Scores as Governance , represents the culmination of a year-long research project compiled by the School of Journalism, Media and Culture's Data Justice Lab.

Health - Chemistry - 19.11.2018
Glucose binding molecule could transform the treatment of diabetes
Glucose binding molecule could transform the treatment of diabetes
Scientists from the University of Bristol have designed a new synthetic glucose binding molecule platform that brings us one step closer to the development of the world's first glucose-responsive insulin which, say researchers, will transform the treatment of diabetes. The World Health Organization estimate that over 382 million people worldwide, including 4.05 million people in the UK, have diabetes - a metabolic disorder affecting blood sugar levels.

Social Sciences - 19.11.2018
Friendship among young people in Wales
Friendship among young people in Wales
A good sense of humour is the most valued quality in a friend, research of young people in Wales has found. A team of Cardiff University researchers based at the Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) found that honesty and kindness were the next most valued traits.

Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2018
Glass made from exploding stars
Glass made from exploding stars
The windows in are houses are quite literally allowing us to glimpse into the chaotic past of the Universe as new research has revealed that silica - the main component of glass - was originally formed inside the heart of exploding stars. In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , an international team of scientists has detected silica in the remnants of two distant supernova billions of light years away from Earth.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2018
Finding rules in the chaos that could help reveal secrets of the Big Bang
New research has revealed that non-equilibrium quantum systems do obey universal laws, a discovery that can bring us closer to revealing the secrets of the Big Bang. Researchers from the University of Nottingham joined teams at the Technical University of Vienna and the University Heidenberg to undertake It shows that when quantum particles whirl around they obey universal laws, meaning what is true for one quantum system is also true for others.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2018
New way to look at cell membranes could change the way we study disease
Researchers have developed a new technique to analyse cell membrane proteins in situ which could revolutionise the way in which we study diseases, such as cancer, metabolic and heart diseases. The discovery was made as part of an international research collaboration, led by Oxford University, alongside peers including Imperial College London.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2018
Cells decide when to divide based on their internal clocks
The time of day, determined by a cell's internal clock, has a stronger influence on cell division than previously thought, reveals a new study. Cells replicate by dividing, but scientists still don't know exactly how they decide when to split. Deciding the right time and the right size to divide is critical for cells - if something goes wrong it can have a big impact, such as with cancer, which is basically a disease of uncontrolled cell division.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 16.11.2018
Laser technology uncovers medieval secrets locked in Alpine ice core
A new study has found ground-breaking evidence from an ice core in the Swiss-Italian Alps that proves the 7 th century switch from gold to silver currencies in western Europe actually occurred a quarter of a century earlier than previously thought. The findings, from the University of Nottingham and which are published in the journal Antiquity , will have major implications on the history of the European monetary system, and what we thought we knew about trade and the economy during this period.

Health - 16.11.2018
Friends and family increase the risk of children becoming smokers in the UK
Teenagers whose mothers smoked during pregnancy, or whose parents or friends smoke, are more likely to smoke themselves. The findings come from a new study carried out at Imperial College London and published today in the journal Thorax , which highlights caregivers and friends as key drivers of children trying and taking up cigarette smoking.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2018
New way to look at cell membranes could change the way we study disease
A new technique to study intact parts of cell membranes could revolutionise studies of cancer, metabolic and heart diseases. Membranes protect all of our cells and the organelles inside them, including the mitochondria - the powerhouse of the cell. These membranes are studded with biological machinery made of proteins that enable molecular cargo to pass in and out.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.11.2018
Powerful aurora-forming mini explosions seen behind the Earth
A NASA spacecraft has analysed magnetic explosions on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun, watching the process that creates auroras. The new study, including researchers from Imperial College London, showed that these events, though small, were fast enough to hurl particles towards the Earth's upper atmosphere.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2018
Structural study of antibiotic opens the way for new TB treatments
New analysis of the structure and function of the naturally-occurring antimicrobial agent tunicamycin has revealed ways to produce new, safe antibiotics for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other disease-causing bacteria. Tunicamycin is an antibiotic produced by several types of bacteria, but it is unsuitable for use in humans because it is also toxic to animal cells.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.11.2018
Auroras unlock the physics of energetic processes in space
A close study of auroras has revealed new ways of understanding the physics of explosive energy releases in space, according to new UCL-led research. Auroras are an incredible light show caused by electrically charged particles in near-Earth space spiralling down Earth's magnetic field and colliding with gases in the atmosphere, causing them to glow.† They are also a tell-tale sign of physical processes in space, acting like TV screens by showing what happens millions of kilometres away from Earth where our planet's magnetic field stretches into a long tail facing away from the Sun.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.11.2018
Antibiotic prescribing influenced by team dynamics within hospitals
Antibiotic prescribing by doctors is influenced by team dynamics and cultures within hospitals. This is the finding of a new study, led by Imperial College London, which highlights the need for understanding contextual differences in antibiotic decision making amongst medical and surgical teams.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2018
Scouting out bacterial defences to find new ways to counter-attack antibiotic resistance
Scouting out bacterial defences to find new ways to counter-attack antibiotic resistance
Research led by the University of Bristol has begun to unpick an important mechanism of antibiotic resistance and suggest approaches to block this resistance. Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to defend against antibiotic attack, and the spread of these resistance mechanisms amongst bacteria is a global public health concern.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.11.2018
A 15-minute scan could help diagnose brain damage in newborns
A 15-minute scan could help diagnose brain damage in babies up to two years earlier than current methods. In a study of over 200 babies at seven hospitals across the UK and the USA, researchers found the brain scan, called magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, predicted damage with 98 per cent accuracy.

Astronomy / Space Science - 14.11.2018
Giant meteorite crater found beneath Greenland’s ice sheet
A giant crater left over from the catastrophic impact of a meteorite crashing into Earth has been uncovered deep below the ice sheets in Greenland. The 31 km-wide crater, which is bigger than Paris, has been discovered by an international team of scientists who believe it to have been caused by a meteorite impact on Earth between 3 million and 12,000 years ago.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.11.2018
Preventing type 2 diabetes in Malawi
Researchers at the University of Glasgow are collaborating with Malawian scientists to try to find out why some people in Malawi develop type 2 diabetes - even though many are slim and highly active. Worldwide, diabetes is on the rise with almost 400 million people living with the disease - a figure that is predicted to rise to about 600 million in 2035.