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Results 61 - 80 of 643.

Life Sciences - 27.11.2018
Extinct ’Siberian unicorn’ may have lived alongside humans
A species of rhino considered a giant of the Ice Age survived much later than previously thought and likely lived alongside modern humans, according to new research. Scientists believed that the ancient rhino species Elasmotherium sibiricum, known as the 'Siberian unicorn', due to its extraordinary single horn, went extinct between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago.

Innovation / Technology - 27.11.2018
Green and edible cling film and food packaging made from plants
University of Nottingham researchers have developed 100 percent biodegradable and edible food packaging made from plant carbohydrates and proteins to replace polluting plastic materials and improve storage, safety and shelf life. The Sino-UK project is led by Professor Saffa Riffat , from the Faculty of Engineering, whose research group is world-renown for innovations in sustainable materials, energy and building technologies.

Health - 27.11.2018
Bristol academics named among the most highly cited in global list
Eighteen researchers at the University of Bristol have been named in the annual Highly Cited Researchers 2018 List, which recognises influential researchers around the world. Now in its fifth year, the citation analysis identifies those who have published a high number of papers that rank in the top one per cent most cited works in their field.

Health - 27.11.2018
Treatment could offer hope for brain bleeding and stroke
A drug treatment, already approved for use in patients, could offer new hope for some patients with brain bleeding and strokes. New research, led by the University of Glasgow and published today in Human Molecular Genetics , has shown that the compound sodium phenyl butyric acid could be used to reduce brain bleeding which can cause strokes when it is caused by a defect in a gene called collagen IV.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 26.11.2018
Marsquakes’ mission successfully lands on Red Planet
A mission to Mars which carries instruments co-designed by Oxford scientists, has successfully landed and will soon begin the first study of the heart of the planet. The NASA InSight mission landed shortly after 19:50 GMT on Monday, 26 November. InSight will study the inside of Mars to learn how planets, moons and meteorites with rocky surfaces, including the Earth and its Moon, formed.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 26.11.2018
Study in mice suggests drug to turn fat 'brown' could help fight obesity
Study in mice suggests drug to turn fat ’brown’ could help fight obesity
Our bodies contain two types of fat: white fat and brown fat. While white fat stores calories, brown fat burns energy and could help us lose weight. Now, scientists at the University of Cambridge have found a way of making the white fat 'browner' and increasing the efficiency of brown fat.

Psychology - 23.11.2018
Research exposes "significant issues" with workplace Mental Health First Aid implementation
Days after a plea was issued to Government for ‘mental health first aid' (MHFA) to become mandatory, new research led by University of Nottingham academics highlights “significant issues around the lack of clarity with boundaries and potential safety concerns”. A feasibility study sheds fresh light on widespread use by companies of employee training to address workplace mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety, self-harm and substance misuse.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.11.2018
Breastfeeding: Babies’ response to facial touch measured with 3D printed device
Facial sense of touch is important to enable babies breastfeed; this new device could help researchers understand when things go wrong. Babies need a sense of touch in their faces to give contact feedback to the brain, which in turn helps the baby find the nipple to breastfeed. For example, if a newborn baby's right cheek is lying on their mother's breast, the baby feeds back the sensory information from its cheek to the brain, which then signals the baby to turn its head to the right and ‘root' for the nipple.

Social Sciences - 23.11.2018
Brexit and Trump voters more likely to believe in conspiracy theories, survey study shows
Brexit and Trump voters more likely to believe in conspiracy theories, survey study shows
Latest research reveals the extent to which conspiracy theories have become "mainstream rather than marginal beliefs" across much of Europe and the US.

Careers / Employment - 22.11.2018
Call for 'whole-system approach' to tackle workplace mental health issue gaps
Representatives from across industry have called for a whole-system approach to mental health in the workplace, as a new study revealed gaps in the way organisations tackle issues such as depression, anxiety, self-harm and psychosis. Published by the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH), findings from research by The University of Nottingham reveals both positives and areas for concern, including inadequate boundaries for employees and a lack of proof that MHFA is effective.

Health - 22.11.2018
Poorest dying nearly ten years younger than the rich in "deeply worrying" trend
The gap between the life expectancy of the richest and poorest sectors of society in England is increasing. This is the finding of new research from Imperial College London. The research, published in the journal Lancet Public Health , also reveals that the life expectancy of England's poorest women has fallen since 2011, in what researchers say is a “deeply worrying” trend.

Veterinary Science - Social Sciences - 22.11.2018
Awareness of 22q
Awareness of 22q
Researchers at Cardiff University are working to understand a relatively common genetic condition that most people haven't heard of. The ECHO study, based at the Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, aims to identify the challenges faced by people with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS), which is thought to be the second most common genetic condition behind Down's Syndrome.

Veterinary Science - Materials Science - 21.11.2018
Sugar supplement slows tumour growth and can improve cancer treatment
Mannose sugar, a nutritional supplement, can both slow tumour growth and enhance the effects of chemotherapy in mice with multiple types of cancer. This lab study is a step towards understanding how mannose could be used to help treat cancer. The results of the study today (Wednesday). Tumours use more glucose than normal, healthy tissues.

Veterinary Science - Health - 21.11.2018
Fish genes hold key to repairing damaged hearts
Fish genes hold key to repairing damaged hearts
The Mexican tetra fish can repair its heart after damage - something researchers have been striving to achieve in humans for years. Now, new research funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) published in Cell Reports suggests that a gene called lrrc10 may hold the key to this fish's remarkable ability.

Health - 21.11.2018
Psychotic experiences could be caused by trauma in childhood
Psychotic experiences could be caused by trauma in childhood
Researchers at the University of Bristol have established greater evidence for a causal link between trauma in childhood and psychotic experiences at 18 years old. The findings, published today (21 November) in JAMA Psychiatry , are the first to comprehensively examine the association between different types of trauma, and their timing in childhood with later psychotic experiences using a large population study.

Veterinary Science - 21.11.2018
Machine learning can be used to predict which patients require emergency admission
Machine learning can help healthcare workers predict whether patients may require emergency hospital admission, new study has shown. Machine learning - a field of artificial intelligence that uses statistical techniques to enable computer systems to 'learn' from data - can be used to analyse electronic health records and predict the risk of emergency hospital admissions, a new study from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found.

Veterinary Science - Materials Science - 20.11.2018
Modified virus used to kill cancer cells
Scientists have equipped a virus that kills carcinoma cells with a protein so it can also target and kill adjacent cells that are tricked into shielding the cancer from the immune system. It is the first time that cancer-associated fibroblasts within solid tumours - healthy cells that are tricked into protecting the cancer from the immune system and supplying it with growth factors and nutrients - have been specifically targeted in this way.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.11.2018
Top ten universities for animal research announced
Top ten universities for animal research announced
Understanding Animal Research, an organisation promoting greater openness about animal research, has today released a list of the ten universities in the UK that conduct the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary and scientific research. These statistics are freely available on the universities' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness.

Health - 20.11.2018
Clean water linked to rising birth rates in Africa: calls for development initiatives to consider women’s reproductive services
A researcher from the University of Bristol presented research at Parliament yesterday that recommends the consideration of more holistic interventions in the world's poorest countries. An unintended consequence of water tap access in rural Ethiopian villages is population growth. The provision of a safe water supply increases child survival and improves women's health in these communities, but Dr Mhairi Gibson , a Reader in Anthropology at Bristol, has discovered a subsequent rise in child malnutrition as village resources are strained by a booming population.

Health - 20.11.2018
Sleep duration and TV viewing time linked to higher death risk, especially in poorer areas
People living in deprived areas are more vulnerable to the effects of unhealthy lifestyles, including previously unrecognised risk factors such as short or long sleep duration and long TV viewing time. In a new study led by the University of Glasgow and published today in The Lancet Public Health , researchers have shown that the association between an unhealthy lifestyle and death is stronger in the more deprived groups.