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Results 41 - 60 of 522.


Physics - Electroengineering - 01.02.2019
’Magnetic graphene’ switches between insulator and conductor
Researchers have found that certain ultra-thin magnetic materials can switch from insulator to conductor under high pressure, a phenomenon that could be used in the development of next-generation electronics and memory storage devices.

Life Sciences - 31.01.2019
MRI scans reveal how brain protects memories
Two distinct parts of the human brain - the neocortex and the hippocampus (a part of the brain involved in higher-order brain functions) - have been shown to help protect our memories from interfering with one another. Researchers from the Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging at the University of Oxford have shed light on the exact neural mechanisms that make precise memory recall possible.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.01.2019
Knighthood for groundbreaking UofG astrophysicist
A pioneering University of Glasgow researcher who helped deliver the historic first detection of gravitational waves has received a knighthood in recognition of his contribution to physics and astronomy. James Hough, Research Professor in Natural Philosophy in the School of Physics and Astronomy, was made a Knight Bachelor of the British Empire by the Duke of Cambridgeduring a ceremony at Buckingham Palace today (Thursday 31 January).

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 31.01.2019
Fresh clues to the life and times of the first known humans
Oxford University scientists have played a key role in new research identifying the earliest evidence of some of the first known humans - Denisovans and Neanderthals, in Southern Siberia. Professor Tom Higham and his team at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit at the University of Oxford worked in collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team from the UK, Russia, Australia, Canada and Germany, on the detailed investigation over the course of five years, to date the archaeological site of Denisova cave.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.01.2019
Statin therapy reduces cardiovascular disease risk in older people
Statin therapy reduces major vascular events, such as heart attacks and strokes, in people of all ages, including those over the age of 75, according to a new study published in The Lancet. The study assessed the effects of statins in nearly 187,000 people who had taken part in 28 large clinical trials.

Environment - 30.01.2019
Extreme rainfall events are connected across the world
Extreme rainfall events are connected across the world
An analysis of satellite data has revealed global patterns of extreme rainfall, which could lead to better forecasts and more accurate climate models. Extreme rainfall - defined as the top five percent of rainy days - often forms a pattern at the local level, for example tracking across Europe. But new research reveals that there are also larger-scale global patterns to extreme rainfall events.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.01.2019
Skin colour and neurodevelopment are not linked
The latest findings from the international INTERGROWTH-21st Project, that has monitored healthy, urban children from educated families across four continents from early pregnancy to 2 years of age, show that human neurodevelopment is not influenced by the colour of an individual's skin.

Health - Environment - 30.01.2019
Into age-related eye disease to investigate genetic risk factors
Over 60s residents of an East Yorkshire town are being offered the chance to play an important role in the future development of personalised treatments for age-related eye disease. The Bridlington Eye Assessment Project (BEAP), led by The University of Nottingham, is appealing for people to take part in research that aims to more accurately predict how many patients are likely to be affected by age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and those who are at a greater risk due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 30.01.2019
Ancient Mongolian skull is the earliest modern human yet found in the region
A much debated ancient human skull from Mongolia has been dated and genetically analysed, showing that it is the earliest modern human yet found in the region, according to new research from the University of Oxford. The study published used Radiocarbon dating and DNA analysis and revealed that the only Pleistocene hominin fossil discovered in Mongolia, initially called Mongolanthropus, is in reality a modern human who lived approximately 34 - 35 thousand years ago.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.01.2019
New target for gastric cancer therapies
New target for gastric cancer therapies
Cardiff University researchers have uncovered new information about the underlying mechanisms for gastric cancer, providing hope of potential new therapies in the future. The team, at the University's European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, found they could stop gastric cells dividing and growing by deleting a particular cell-surface receptor implicated in the function of stem cells.

Health - 29.01.2019
New guidance for vets launched to 'Keep Britain's Pets Healthy'
New recommendations to help vets give pet owners the best possible consultations on how to keep their animals healthy have been launched by researchers at the University of Nottingham and global pharmaceutical company MSD Animal Health. The recommendations are the result of a package of research by the Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine team at the University's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science , aimed at improving and standardising best practice in preventative healthcare consultations.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 29.01.2019
Could AI improve patient care in the NHS?
The adoption of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease could help to extend people's lives whilst providing significant savings for the NHS. This is according to researchers from Cardiff University who have provided compelling evidence showing the benefits that state-of-the-art techniques can bring to risk assessments in patients.

Life Sciences - Physics - 29.01.2019
’Light tweezers’ can move, melt, and scatter mysterious biological ’icebergs’
For the first time, scientists have used light beams to manipulate lipid rafts in artificial cell membranes. Lipid rafts are domains, or areas, of protein and lipid (fats) which float freely in cell membranes - the protein and lipid layer that surrounds a cell. These structures, which float in the membranes like icebergs, play important but mysterious roles in cellular signalling that aren't yet fully explained.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.01.2019
Hepatitis C programmes could save 1.5 million deaths by 2030
Hepatitis C programmes could save 1.5 million deaths by 2030
Imperial scientists have published the first global estimates to determine the impact of improved prevention, diagnosis and treatment for hepatitis C. A comprehensive package of prevention, screening, and treatment interventions could avert 15.1 million new hepatitis C infections and 1.5 million cirrhosis and liver cancer deaths globally by 2030 - equal to an 81% reduction in incidence and a 61% reduction in deaths compared with 2015, according to the first study to model hepatitis C interventions globally published in The Lancet.

Health - 28.01.2019
Brexit could lead to thousands more heart attacks and strokes
Brexit could contribute to thousands more deaths from heart attacks and strokes by 2030, new research has found. In one of the first studies to date to look at the impact of Brexit on food imports and public health, researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Liverpool looked at how varying Brexit scenarios would lead to increasing costs for imported fruit and vegetables, resulting in people potentially eating less and increasing their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Computer Science / Telecom - 28.01.2019
Tackling the fake news problem
Tackling the fake news problem
Meet the researchers who are trying to understand and solve fake news problems in the digital age. Fake news is a human activity, so humans should be involved Dr Julio Amador The term ‘fake news' regularly hits the headlines these days. Whether it is to do with political events or information on the various social platforms, it seems like it is getting harder and harder to know who to trust to be a reliable source of information.

Astronomy / Space Science - 28.01.2019
Black holes shed light on expanding Universe
Black holes shed light on expanding Universe
Scientists are using supermassive black holes to measure the expansion of the early Universe. The researchers, including our astronomers here at Durham University, think that their measurements show the Universe might be growing more rapidly than previously thought. Supermassive black holes give off radiation as they feed and are some of the brightest points of light in space.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.01.2019
Phone or video call therapy improves health anxiety and saves money
A new study by mental health experts has found that easy-access, remotely-delivered psychological treatment can significantly reduce extreme health anxiety in people who repeatedly go to the doctor, or hospital emergency departments.

Pedagogy - 28.01.2019
Screen time before bed puts children at risk of anxiety, obesity and poor sleep
Pre-teens who use a mobile phone or watch TV in the dark an hour before bed are at risk of not getting enough sleep, a new study reveals. The risk is comparatively lower for children who use these devices in a lit room or do not use them at all before bedtime. Pre-sleep device use The study by researchers from Imperial College London, the University of Lincoln, Birkbeck University and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute in Basel, Swit

Environment - Transport - 28.01.2019
Emissions targets for transport sector can’t be met using natural gas alone
Using natural gas fuel with other methods could help road freight and shipping industries meet targets, says new Imperial College London white paper. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) - the United Nations' organisation for shipping - seeks to at least halve greenhouse gas emissions from ships by 2050 compared to 2008 levels.