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Results 21 - 40 of 391.

Environment - 05.06.2019
Adjusting carbon emissions to the Paris climate commitments would prevent thousands of heat-related deaths
Thousands of annual heat-related deaths could be potentially avoided in major US cities if global temperatures are limited to the Paris Climate Goals compared with current climate commitments, a new study led by the University of Bristol has found. The research, published today in the journal Science Advances , is highly relevant to decisions about strengthening national climate actions in 2020, when the next round of climate pledges is due in 2020.

Life Sciences - 05.06.2019
Gene-edited chicken cells could leave flu with nowhere to hide
Scientists have used gene-editing techniques to stop the bird flu virus from spreading, in chicken cells grown in the lab. According to the team behind the work, the findings raise the possibility of producing gene-edited chickens that are resistant to flu. This could potentially prevent the birds from being a major reservoir for pandemic strains of the virus.

Health - Psychology - 05.06.2019
Despite increase in rates of non-suicidal self-harm, few people receive medical or psychological support
A new study of non-suicidal self-harm in England, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, suggests that rates grew from around 2 per cent to 6 per cent of the population between 2000 and 2014. At the same time, the study noted no evidence of an increase in treatment contact for this group. Non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) is defined as self-inflicted harm without suicidal intent.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 05.06.2019
Food freshness sensors could replace 'use-by' dates to cut food waste
Food freshness sensors could replace ’use-by’ dates to cut food waste
Imperial academics have developed low-cost, smartphone-linked, eco-friendly spoilage sensors for meat and fish packaging. These sensors are cheap enough that we hope supermarkets could use them within three years. Dr Firat Güder Department of Bioengineering The researchers say the new sensors could help detect spoilage and reduce food waste for supermarkets and consumers.

Health - 05.06.2019
Heart disease deaths nearly halved in UK - but condition remains top killer
A new analysis of global heart disease deaths has revealed the number of UK people dying from the condition halved between 2005 and 2015. The UK death rate fell from 80 deaths per 100,000 in 2005 to 46 per 100,000 in 2015. However, the study, from scientists at Imperial College London , reveal the condition remains to be the leading cause of death in the UK and across the globe.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.06.2019
Zebrafish capture a 'window' on the cancer process
Zebrafish capture a ’window’ on the cancer process
Cancer-related inflammation impacts significantly on cancer development and progression. New research has observed in zebrafish, for the first time, that inflammatory cells use weak spots or micro-perforations in the extracellular matrix barrier layer to access skin cancer cells. The research, led by the University of Bristol and published in Cell Reports today [Tuesday 4 June] , used translucent zebrafish to model several sorts of skin cancer and live image how inflammatory cells find the growing cancer cells in the skin.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.06.2019
Gene mutation to cope with modern diets may help protect against diabetes
A common gene variant, which evolved in response to cooking and farming, helps some people cope with modern diets by keeping blood sugar low. However, new research on the gene reveals that close to half of the people studied still have an older variant that may be better suited to prehistoric diets and could make them more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Life Sciences - 04.06.2019
Could extra finger 'birth defect' provide blueprint for robotic extra limbs?
Could extra finger ’birth defect’ provide blueprint for robotic extra limbs?
New research on two people born with extra fingers has shown how the brain adapts to the workload imposed by more digits. Extra fingers and toes are traditionally seen as a birth defect, so nobody has thought to study how useful they might really be. Professor Etienne Burdet Department of Bioengineering The findings could show us how to tap into the brain's resources to control robotic extra limbs and digits.

Physics - 04.06.2019
3D magnetic interactions could lead to new forms of computing
A new form of magnetic interaction which pushes a formerly two-dimensional phenomenon into the third dimension could open up a host of exciting new possibilities for data storage and advanced computing, scientists say. In a new paper published today , a team led by physicists from the University of Glasgow describe how they have been found a new way to successfully pass information from a series of tiny magnets arrayed on an ultrathin film across to magnets on a second film below.

Palaeontology - Life Sciences - 03.06.2019
Feathers came first, then birds
Feathers came first, then birds
New research, led by the University of Bristol, suggests that feathers arose 100 million years before birds - changing how we look at dinosaurs, birds, and pterosaurs, the flying reptiles. It also changes our understanding of feathers themselves, their functions and their role in some of the largest events in evolution.

Social Sciences - 03.06.2019
Lack of support for vulnerable adults in police custody
Vulnerable adults in police custody face a postcode lottery on whether they are given the right support, an academic says. Dr Roxanna Dehaghani, of Cardiff University, spent six months observing procedures in police custody, which forms the basis of her book, Vulnerability in police custody: police decision-making and the appropriate adult safeguard.

Health - 03.06.2019
Bad teeth revealed as biggest problem for pet greyhounds
Dental disease is the most common health issue facing pet greyhounds, according to the largest ever study of greyhounds treated in first opinion veterinary clinics. The research, led by the Royal Veterinary College's (RVC) VetCompassTM programme in collaboration with the University of Bristol Vet School, reveals that 39 per cent of greyhounds suffer from dental problems, which is a far higher percentage than for any other dog breed.

Life Sciences - Sport Sciences - 03.06.2019
Progress in understanding dementia in footballers
Results of the largest study to date of the pathology of dementia in former footballers and rugby players have been revealed. ‌ In a study published in Acta Neuropathologica and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania, the researchers report that while a pathology associated with brain injury - chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) - might be common in former athletes with dementia, in many cases its clinical significance remains uncertain.

Environment - 03.06.2019
Pollution control of rivers can reduce impact of climate warming
Improvements in water quality could reduce the ecological impact of climate change on rivers, finds a new study by Cardiff University's Water Research Institute and the University of Vermont. Warm water can affect freshwater organisms in similar ways to many pollutants: both reduce the availability of oxygen in the water.

Health - 31.05.2019
Child deaths in Brazil fall following comprehensive smoking ban
Child deaths have fallen in Brazil following complete smoking bans in public places, according to a new study. Its authors, from Imperial College London, the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), and Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands, estimate that strengthening smoke-free legislation between 2000 and 2016 in Brazil averted over 15,000 deaths in children under one year old.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.05.2019
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Avoiding detection can provide significant survival advantages for prey, predators, or the military. For the first time, scientists from Bristol's Camo Lab have identified a new method to find the optimal colour to minimize or maximize detectability of a target. The study is published in a Royal Society Interface study.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.05.2019
'switch' that helps breast cancer spread around the body
’switch’ that helps breast cancer spread around the body
Researchers have unveiled clues into how breast cancer cells spread around the body. The early-stage research, led by scientists from Imperial College London and The Institute of Cancer Research , London, identified a genetic ‘switch' in breast cancer cells that boosts the production of a type of internal scaffolding.

Business / Economics - 30.05.2019
Life isn't over: how best to communicate with people living with dementia
Life isn’t over: how best to communicate with people living with dementia
When Sandie Read was diagnosed with dementia at 57, she felt a mixture of fear, anxiety and depression. Fifteen years later and not only is she offering support to fellow sufferers but she's also working with researchers to improve the way people communicate and interact with those living with the condition.

Physics - Materials Science - 29.05.2019
Experts develop nanolasers on silicon
Researchers at Cardiff University have shown tiny light-emitting nanolasers less than a tenth of the size of the width of a human hair can be integrated into silicon chip design. The photonic band-edge lasers can operate at superfast speeds and have the potential to help the global electronics industry deliver a range of new applications - from optical computing to remote sensing and heat seeking, Professor Diana Huffaker is Scientific Director of Cardiff University's Institute for Compound Semiconductors , based at Cardiff University's School of Physics and Astronomy.

Health - Politics - 29.05.2019
Long-term health effects of armed conflict could last years after fighting stops
Living in a warzone is linked with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke among civilians, even years after the conflict ends. The findings come from the first systematic review of the effects of armed conflict on heart disease risk, carried out by researchers at Imperial College London and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.