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Life Sciences - History/Archeology
21.09.2017
First large-scale ancient DNA study helps reconstruct African population structure
First large-scale ancient DNA study helps reconstruct African population structure
Samples of ancient DNA recovered by University of Bristol scientists on two Indian Ocean islands have helped in the first large scale study of ancient human DNA from sub-Saharan Africa. Africa has long been known as the 'cradle of mankind', but up to now, the genetic information has been largely derived from modern population studies.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
21.09.2017
Virtual reality tool developed to untangle genes
Researchers from Oxford have been using virtual reality software to compile genetic data to create models which explain how genes are controlled within their natural chromosomal environments. The team from the MRC Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine (WIMM) have been working in collaboration with physicists from Universita' di Napoli and software developers and artists at Goldsmiths, University of London, to visualise complex interactions between genes and their regulatory elements in an interactive format.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
21.09.2017
Scientist proves theory chemists have waited two decades to understand
Groundbreaking research led by Simon Woodward,a professor of synthetic organic chemistry at the University of Nottingham, has proved how a catalyst (a small atomic-sized ‘machine' that knits together new molecules) in organo-copper chemistry works. This is one of the key approaches of modern chemistry to making larger molecules.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
20.09.2017
Genome editing reveals role of gene important for human embryo development
Genome editing reveals role of gene important for human embryo development
Researchers have used genome editing technology to reveal the role of a key gene in human embryos in the first few days of development. This is the first time that genome editing has been used to study gene function in human embryos, which could help scientists to better understand the biology of our early development.
Psychology
20.09.2017
One in four girls is depressed at age 14
One in four girls is depressed at age 14
New research shows a quarter of girls (24%) and one in 10 boys (9%) are depressed at age 14. Researchers from the UCL Institute of Education and the University of Liverpool analysed information on more than 10,000 children born in 2000-01 who are taking part in the Millennium Cohort Study. At ages 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14, parents reported on their children's mental health.
Psychology
20.09.2017
Guess who? Facial expressions can cause confusion
Guess who? Facial expressions can cause confusion
Photos of the same person can look substantially different. For example, your passport photo may look quite different from your driving licence, or your face in holiday photos. In fact, these differences can mean you look like a different person from one photo to the next, to those that don't know you.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
20.09.2017
Study suggests you can ‘pick up’ a good or bad mood from your friends - but it also suggests that depression doesn’t have the same effect
New research suggests that both good and bad moods can be ‘picked up' from friends, but depression can't. A team led by the University of Warwick has examined whether friends' moods can affect an individual therefore implying that moods may spread across friendship networks. The team analysed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health which incorporates the moods and friendship networks of US adolescents in schools.
Physics/Materials Science
20.09.2017
Nanoscale printing breakthrough creates two colours per pixel
Scientists have developed a new form of high-resolution ‘printing' which could have wide-ranging applications in data storage, anti-counterfeiting measures, and digital imaging. Dr Alasdair Clark discusses plasmonic colour New research from the University of Glasgow, published today (Wednesday 20 September) in the journal Advanced Functional Materials , outlines how engineers have developed nano-scale plasmonic colour filters that display different colours depending on the orientation of the light which hits it.
Social Sciences - Sport Sciences
19.09.2017
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Winner takes all: Success enhances taste for luxury goods, study suggests
Footballers in flashy cars, City workers in Armani suits, reality TV celebrities sipping expensive champagne while sitting in hot tubs: what drives people to purchase luxury goods' New research suggests that it may be a sense of being a 'winner' - but that contrary to expectations, it is not driven by testosterone.
Astronomy
19.09.2017
Size matters in the detection of exoplanet atmospheres
Size matters in the detection of exoplanet atmospheres
A group-analysis of 30 exoplanets orbiting distant stars suggests that size, not mass, is a key factor in whether a planet's atmosphere can be detected according to a UCL-led team of European researchers. The largest population-study of exoplanets to date successfully detected atmospheres around 16 'hot Jupiters', and found that water vapour was present in every case.
Life Sciences
18.09.2017
Eyes that lie: protective deception of eyespots confirmed
Eyes that lie: protective deception of eyespots confirmed
The widespread occurrence of eyespots, from butterflies to fish, has intrigued biologists for years but the mechanism behind their function has, until now, remained unclear. New evidence published recently in The American Naturalist shows that prey eyespots intimidate predators because they associate the eyelike appearance of eyespots with the threat posed by their own enemy.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.09.2017
Cells programmed like computers to fight disease
Cells can be programmed like a computer to fight cancer, influenza and other serious health conditions - breakthrough research by University of Warwick Common molecule found in humans, plants and animals can be genetically engineered into sequences - like computer code in software - to control actions of a cell Different sequences could be tailor-made to target diverse diseases or injuries - like unique apps ‘downloaded' into cells for spe
Psychology - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.09.2017
Treating insomnia may reduce mental health problems
Treating insomnia may reduce mental health problems
Treating insomnia with online cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could reduce mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, and paranoia, according to research. The study found that sleep disruption is a driving factor in the occurrence of paranoia, hallucinatory experiences, and other mental health problems in young adults with an average age of 25.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
15.09.2017
'Mysterious' ancient creature was definitely an animal, research confirms
’Mysterious’ ancient creature was definitely an animal, research confirms
It lived well over 550 million years ago, is known only through fossils and has variously been described as looking a bit like a jellyfish, a worm, a fungus and lichen. But was the 'mysterious' Dickinsonia an animal, or was it something else? Recent findings suggest animals had evolved several million years before the 'Cambrian Explosion' that has been the focus of attention for studies into animal evolution for so long.
Life Sciences
15.09.2017
Happiness is not determined by childhood biomarkers
Happiness is not determined by childhood biomarkers
Happiness is not determined by childhood biological markers such as height or body fat, according to a team of European researchers involving UCL.  The paper, published in PLoS ONE analysed longitudinal data from nearly 2000 young Finns over a period of 20 years. For the first time, researchers obtained measurements for biomarkers in childhood together with measures of happiness in adulthood.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
14.09.2017
’Mysterious’ ancient creature was definitely an animal, research confirms
It lived well over 550 million years ago, is known only through fossils and has variously been described as looking a bit like a jellyfish, a worm, a fungus and lichen. But was the 'mysterious' Dickinsonia an animal, or was it something else? A new study by researchers at the universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol, and the British Geological Survey provides strong proof that Dickinsonia was an animal, confirming recent findings suggesting that animals evolved millions of years before the so-called Cambrian Explosion of animal life.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.09.2017
Targeted antibiotic use may help cure Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia
The antibiotic tigecycline, when used in combination with current treatment, may hold the key to eradicating chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cells, according to new research. ‌ The University of Glasgow led study, published today , demonstrates the effectiveness of combining tigecycline with the drug imatinib - a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and standard first-line treatment of patients with CML.
Life Sciences
13.09.2017
New way to control memory
New way to control memory
Scientists discover a new way to control memory The workings of a ‘traffic light system' in the brain, which plays a key role in how new memories are formed, have been detailed for the first time by scientists. A study published today, (Wednesday the 13 of September), led by the Institute for Neurosciences (the National Centre for Scientific Research /the University of Bordeaux) in France and worked on by a researcher now at the University of Sussex, England, reveals the exact routes a key protein needs to take in our brains in order for us to form new memories.
Astronomy - Chemistry
13.09.2017
Inferno world with titanium skies
Inferno world with titanium skies
An international team of astronomers has detected titanium oxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet for the first time. The results provide unique information about the chemical composition and the temperature and pressure structure of the atmosphere of this unusual and very hot world. The clear detection of the molecule is a major observational advancement - it is an exciting time in exoplanetary science.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.09.2017
Low-level radiation less harmful to health than other lifestyle risks
Low-level radiation exposure poses less of a health risk than other modern lifestyle threats, such as smoking, obesity and air pollution, according to Oxford University research. Human populations have always been exposed to ionizing radiation, and more so in modern life due to its use in medicine, industry and the armed forces.
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