Young researchers win European grants worth §3m
Two up-and-coming physicists at Sussex have been awarded research grants totalling €3 million.
Jeff Hartnell and David Seery will each receive €1.5 million Starting Grants – for those in the early years of their research career - from the European Research Council (ERC).
Hartnell, Lecturer in Experimental Particle Physics, plans to support scientific investigations into fundamental issues about the universe and our existence, such as why there is much more matter than antimatter.
Physicists theorise that the big bang created equal amounts of matter and antimatter. When corresponding particles of matter and antimatter meet, they annihilate one another. But somehow we’re still here, and antimatter, for the most part, has vanished.
The best measurements to date show that matter and antimatter behave almost identically and so can’t explain how we’re all here. Scientists believe that neutrinos could hold the key to understanding this mystery.
Hartnell will use the ERC grant to set up a new independent research group at Sussex on the NOvA experiment , which will fire beams of neutrinos and antineutrinos through Earth looking for differences in the way they behave.
Seery, a theoretical cosmologist, studies patterns left over from the universe’s primordial history, when the cosmic environment was much hotter and denser than today. These patterns are currently believed to be the seeds for all structure we can see, including the large-scale distribution of galaxies and ultimately ourselves.
By mapping these patterns, cosmologists hope to discover the currently unknown physics that operated at very early times.